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Chapter 3 What Is Money? © 2005 Pearson Education Canada Inc.
3-2 Meaning and Function of Money Economist’s Meaning of Money 1.Anything that is generally accepted in payment for goods and services 2.Not the same as wealth or income Functions of Money 1.Medium of exchange 2.Unit of account 3.Store of value Evolution of Payments System 1.Precious metals like gold and silver 2.Paper currency (fiat money) 3.Checks 4.Electronic means of payment 5.Electronic money: Debit cards, Stored-value cards, Smart cards, E-cash
© 2005 Pearson Education Canada Inc. 3-3 Bank of Canada’s Monetary Aggregates
© 2005 Pearson Education Canada Inc. 3-4 Growth Rates of the Bank’s Monetary Aggregates
© 2005 Pearson Education Canada Inc. 3-5 The Bank of Canada’s money supply measures are ‘simple-sum’ indices, M = x 1 + x 2 + … + x n, where x j is one of the n monetary components of the monetary aggregate M Weighted monetary aggregates (such as the ‘Divisia’) seem to predict inflation and the business cycle somewhat better than the Bank’s aggregates Money as a Weighted Aggregate
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