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Manual Handling Training

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Presentation on theme: "Manual Handling Training"— Presentation transcript:

1 Manual Handling Training

2 Introduction Legislation Anatomy Ergonomics Principles of lifting

3 Objectives At the end of this session you will be able to:
Basic understanding of your back Understand principles of safe manual handling Know when to stop!

4 are affected with back pain
Did You Know ? 80% of people in the western world are affected with back pain

5 Manual Handling - Definition
Any transporting or supporting of a load by one or more employees and which may include; LIFTING PUTTING DOWN PUSHING PULLING CARRYING OR MOVING A LOAD which by reason of it’s characteristics or unfavorable ergonomic conditions involves risk, particularly of back injury to employees

6 1. LEGISLATION Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act 1989
(General Application 1993) Regs.

7 2. Anatomy Why Is It important?
The Musculo-skeletal System of the body is designed for movement In order to lift and handle an object safely it is essential to have a knowledge of this system and its flexibility

8 Spinal Column Neck Ribcage Lower back 7 Cervical 12 Thoracic 5 Lumbar
5 Sacrum (fused) 4 coccyx (fused)

9 Lumbar Spine 5 vertebrae Facet joints Discs

10 Facet Joints Only in Lumbar Spine Gliding movement

11 Spinal cord Down through the centre of the spine we have our spinal cord This brings messages to the brain from the rest of the body and from the brain to the rest of the body Nerves from the spinal cord control the movement of the trunk, arms and legs And convey all sensations If you break the spinal cord you will be paralysed !

12 Muscles The spine is strengthened and made moveable by muscles.
This makes your back flexible as opposed to a fixed bamboo like situation Posture muscles are not designed for lifting

13 Spinal Ligaments Ligaments: soft tissue in joint capsule. Limit mobility. Long Ligaments Limit movement of spine Ligaments have certain degree of elasticity. If the stretching limit is reached injury will occur.

14 Types of Back Pain There are over 100 accepted causes of low – back pain (small of the back) Wear and tear being the most common Three types of mechanical back injury which may be caused by poor manual handling practice DISC INJURY SOFT TISSUE INJURY BONY INJURY

15 Disc Degeneration - Gradual
Nutrition cannot get to disc Disc dries out Lack of nutrition leads to disc degeneration EXPERIENCE A HIGH LEVEL OF PAIN DUE TO PRESSURE ON NERVE ENDINGS

16 Disc Pressure When pressure is applied on the spinal nerves pain can be felt in several areas Sciatica is caused by disc pressure on the sciatic nerve Pain Distribution

17 Wear and Tear Wear and tear effects can be noticed from as early as 25 years of age – earlier if there has been an injury Heavy physical work over a long period causes wear & tear Remember we should only lift what we are physicaly able to lift at the time of the lift Muscles are strained by over loading or a sudden stretch or unexpected movement The more we overdo- the less we can do

18 Ergonomic Assessment Information required to carry out an ergonomic assessment: THE TASKS THE LOADS THE WORKING ENVIRONMENT INDIVIDUAL CAPABILITY

19 5. Principles of Lifting Assess Task, Area, Load
Broad Stable Base (Feet Flat on Floor) Bend the Knees Back Straight (Not necessarily vertical) Firm Grip (Palmer) Arms in Line with Trunk Weight Close to Centre of Gravity Point feet in the Direction of Movement

20 Principles of Lifting Divide the load Balance the body
Example - Two smaller loads - as opposed to one large one

21 Pushing and Pulling Keep your back straight Bend at the hips and knees
Let your legs do the work Pushing is better than pulling Pushing is easier as you can see over the load If you can’t see over the load GET HELP

22 6. Practical application
To and from the floor To and from a bench To and from a height Pushing Pulling 2 persons lift

23 Summary There is legislation to help and protect you
Being aware of your body and how it works will prepare you Being flexible and fit will benefit you Handling loads correctly is the only way

24 ……nobody is immune to natural wear and tear
Health & Safety Office Thank you for your time & Remember……. ……nobody is immune to natural wear and tear ……use it or lose it!

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