Europe Goes to War Section 17.2 (pgs. 575-579). Which country on the map has the highest unemployment? –Why is this? –What will this mean for the future?
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Presentation on theme: "Europe Goes to War Section 17.2 (pgs. 575-579). Which country on the map has the highest unemployment? –Why is this? –What will this mean for the future?"— Presentation transcript:
Which country on the map has the highest unemployment? –Why is this? –What will this mean for the future? Look at both maps. Do you see a connection between unemployment, riots, and strikes and the style of government in this period?
Germany Rearms and Expands Nazis immediately begin to rearm after they come to power 1936: Germany occupies the Rhineland (region in W. Germany) Rearmament and occupation both violate Treaty of Versailles 1936: Germany makes official alliance with Italy –Japan would join later – became the Axis Powers 1938: Germany conquers Austria and demands the Sudetenland (region of Czechoslovakia) –British Prime Minister Chamberlain concedes – appeasement
Invasion of Poland Appeasement ended when Hitler invades Czechoslovakia September 1, 1939 – Nazis invade Poland –Britain and France declare war 2 days later Poles overrun by German blitzkrieg (“lightning war” – military tactic of a fast, concentrated attack that took the enemy by surprise) Germany signs non-aggression pact with Soviet Union
War in the West Allied troops wait behind the Maginot Line (defends French-German border) Germany attacks France from the west through Belgium to avoid the Maginot Line –France’s only real line of defense German blitzkrieg overruns France in weeks British troops escape across the channel
The Fall of France June 1940 – France surrenders, most of France occupied by Germany –French Vichy government cooperated (collaborated) with Nazis Free French government (in exile in Britain) supports the creation of the French Resistance –Goal: undermine German occupation Summer 1940 – Hitler has control of most of W. Europe –Britain the only Allied power that stands against Hitler and the Axis Powers
The Battle of Britain Relentless Attack –German Luftwaffe (air force) wants to establish air superiority before they invade Britain –Late 1940 – all-out air assault on Britain –Attacks progressed from military targets to cities like London, in order to decrease morale
The Battle of Britain (con.) Courageous Defense –Outnumbered British Royal Air force (RAF) worked to shoot down German bombers –British were able to maintain their will to fight –Early 1940 – British scientists crack German code, learn that no land invasion will come without Nazi air superiority (NEVER ESTABLISHED)
The Battle of Britain (film) Made in 1969 Uses over 100 authentic vintage British and German aircraft Question to think about (WRITE DOWN YOUR THOUGHTS): What would it be like to live under this kind of relentless attack? http://www.impawards.com/1969/battle_of_britain.html