Presentation on theme: "WORLD WAR II – ABBREVIATED TIMELINE ALLIED POWERS GREAT BRITAIN FRANCE UNITED STATES SOVIET UNION and others….. AXIS POWERS GERMANY ITALY JAPAN."— Presentation transcript:
WORLD WAR II – ABBREVIATED TIMELINE ALLIED POWERS GREAT BRITAIN FRANCE UNITED STATES SOVIET UNION and others….. AXIS POWERS GERMANY ITALY JAPAN
1922 Benito Mussolini, leader of the Fascist Party, becomes the leader of Italy.
1926 Joseph Stalin becomes the leader of the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics). This is a communist country, also known as the Soviet Union.
1931 Japan invades Manchuria, China in search of natural resources.
1934 Adolf Hitler, leader of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers’ Party) becomes the president of Germany.
1938 Germany announces the unification, Anschluss, of Germany and Austria as Hitler tries to unify all German speaking people.
1938 At the Munich Conference, Great Britain and France agree to Hitler’s demands for the Sudetenland, a German-speaking area of Czechoslovakia. This policy of giving into Hitler’s demands to avoid another war becomes known as appeasement.
1939 Germany and the USSR sign a non-aggression pact. Germany didn’t want to have to worry about fighting a two front war again, the Soviet Union wanted to avoid the horrors of World War I again. The two also agreed to divide Poland.
1939 Germany invades Poland on September 1 and uses Blitzkrieg strategies to conquer Poland in a matter of weeks. Great Britain and France declare war on Germany on September 3. World War II has begun.
1940 Germany invades France after going through the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. The French surrender to Germany and the Germans set up a puppet government, based in Vichy, to govern much of France.
1940 After narrowly escaping at Dunkirk, the British are basically the only thing standing between Germany and victory in Europe. Winston Churchill, the leader of Great Britain, vowes to fight. The British Royal Air Force fought the German Luftwaffe in an aerial battle known as the Battle of Britain. The British held off the Germans and late in 1940 Hitler called off the German plan for an invasion of Britain.
1941 Hitler invades the Soviet Union, in violation of the Nazi-Soviet Pact. Germany now has to fight a two-front war.
1941 On December 7, Japan carries out a surprise attack on the U.S. Naval Bases located in Hawaii. On December 8, FDR asks Congress for a declaration of war against Germany. The United States has now officially entered the war. Germany declares war on the U.S. soon after.
BATTELS FROM 1942-1945 See your “Battles Timeline”
1943 Churchill and FDR meet in Casablanca, Morocco. They agree to increase the bombing of Germany and to attack the Axis Powers on the Italian island of Sicily. Churchill hopes that invading Italy will convince the Italians to surrender.
1943 Stalin, Churchill, and FDR meet in Tehran, Iran. They agree to many things, including a Soviet offensive against Germany in 1944 and to divide Germany after the war so it wouldn’t pose a global threat again. Stalin also agrees to help the U.S. against Japan once Germany is defeated.
MAY 7, 1945 Germany agrees to surrender. The next day, May 8 is declared Victory in Europe Day (V-E Day).
AUGUST,1945 The United States drops atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japan agrees to surrender on August 15, which becomes known was Victory in Japan Day (V-J Day). World War 2 is over.