Presentation on theme: "WORLD WAR II – ABBREVIATED TIMELINE"— Presentation transcript:
1 WORLD WAR II – ABBREVIATED TIMELINE ALLIED POWERSAXIS POWERSGREAT BRITAINFRANCEUNITED STATESSOVIET UNIONand others…..GERMANYITALYJAPAN
2 1922Benito Mussolini, leader of the Fascist Party, becomes the leader of Italy.
3 1926Joseph Stalin becomes the leader of the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics). This is a communist country, also known as the Soviet Union.
4 1931Japan invades Manchuria, China in search of natural resources.
5 1934Adolf Hitler, leader of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers’ Party) becomes the president of Germany.
6 1938Germany announces the unification, Anschluss, of Germany and Austria as Hitler tries to unify all German speaking people.
7 1938At the Munich Conference, Great Britain and France agree to Hitler’s demands for the Sudetenland, a German-speaking area of Czechoslovakia. This policy of giving into Hitler’s demands to avoid another war becomes known as appeasement.
8 1939Germany and the USSR sign a non-aggression pact. Germany didn’t want to have to worry about fighting a two front war again, the Soviet Union wanted to avoid the horrors of World War I again. The two also agreed to divide Poland.
9 1939Germany invades Poland on September 1 and uses Blitzkrieg strategies to conquer Poland in a matter of weeks. Great Britain and France declare war on Germany on September 3. World War II has begun.
10 1940Germany invades France after going through the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. The French surrender to Germany and the Germans set up a puppet government, based in Vichy, to govern much of France.
11 1940After narrowly escaping at Dunkirk, the British are basically the only thing standing between Germany and victory in Europe. Winston Churchill, the leader of Great Britain, vowes to fight. The British Royal Air Force fought the German Luftwaffe in an aerial battle known as the Battle of Britain. The British held off the Germans and late in 1940 Hitler called off the German plan for an invasion of Britain.
12 1941Hitler invades the Soviet Union, in violation of the Nazi-Soviet Pact. Germany now has to fight a two-front war.
13 1941On December 7, Japan carries out a surprise attack on the U.S. Naval Bases located in Hawaii. On December 8, FDR asks Congress for a declaration of war against Germany. The United States has now officially entered the war. Germany declares war on the U.S. soon after.
14 BATTELS FROM 1942-1945 See your “Battles Timeline”
15 1943Churchill and FDR meet in Casablanca, Morocco. They agree to increase the bombing of Germany and to attack the Axis Powers on the Italian island of Sicily. Churchill hopes that invading Italy will convince the Italians to surrender.
16 1943Stalin, Churchill, and FDR meet in Tehran, Iran. They agree to many things, including a Soviet offensive against Germany in 1944 and to divide Germany after the war so it wouldn’t pose a global threat again. Stalin also agrees to help the U.S. against Japan once Germany is defeated.
17 MAY 7, 1945Germany agrees to surrender. The next day, May 8 is declared Victory in Europe Day (V-E Day).
18 AUGUST,1945The United States drops atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japan agrees to surrender on August 15, which becomes known was Victory in Japan Day (V-J Day). World War 2 is over.