Presentation on theme: "Beginning of WWII Mark Manbeck. Eugenics Eugenics, the social movement claiming to improve the genetic features of human populations through selective."— Presentation transcript:
Beginning of WWII Mark Manbeck
Eugenics Eugenics, the social movement claiming to improve the genetic features of human populations through selective breeding and sterilization.
Essential Question What people, countries, and events began WWII?
“Nature is cruel, so we may be cruel, too… I have the right to remove millions of an inferior race that breeds like vermin” -Hitler
Immediate Causes of WW II Second Sino-Japanese War Tripartite Pact (1940) –Defensive Military Alliance Italy, Japan, Germany –Aimed at US to make them think twice about joining Allies
Immediate Causes of WW II In Germany Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933 as a fascist dictator. Hitler Hated the Treaty of Versailles and violated it. –First he built up the German military. –Then he sent troops into the Rhineland. –Direct violation of the Treaty of Versailles, which said in 1919 that Rhineland was a demilitarized zone.
Immediate Causes of WW II Hitler wanted to conquer whoever he felt was inferior Germans or Aryans. Wanted “living space” for Germans in Eastern Europe. Munich Pact –Hitler Promised not to invade any other country
Immediate Causes of WW II Appeasement: Gives Germany Sudetenland (1938) –(Much of Czechoslovakia) September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland without declaration of war. This starts World War II.
Kristallnacht 1938 “Night of Broken Glass” Pogrom –Organized massacre of particular ethnic group Nazis nonviolent before –After increasingly worse
Immediate Causes of WW II Britain and France declared war on Germany on September 3, Italy declared war on France and Britain on June 10, 1940.
“Blitzkrieg” In German blitzkrieg –“lightning war”. Blitzkrieg used during invasion of Poland. Blitzkrieg –Surprise attacks –Massive air attacks –Rapid advances into enemy territory by infantry Most Axis victories from Blitzkrieg
“Phony War” Britain sent troops to wait with French down behind the Maginot Line. Reporters called this quiet time of not much action the “phony war”
Maginot Line The Maginot Line was a defensive for France against an invasion of Germany. The Maginot Line was established after World War I. The line showed to be little use in 1940 when Germany invaded France for the third time.
“Blitzkrieg: German soldiers being parachuted into Holland - May 10, 1940”
Early Axis Triumphs In April 1940 the quiet time of the war exploded into action. Hitler launched a series of blitzkrieg. Norway and and Denmark both fell. Germany had overrun the Netherlands and Belgium. Germany along with Italy forced France to surrender.
Fall of France
Hitler’s Major Blunder The Germans invaded France in May Retreating Allied forces made it to Dunkirk and found themselves trapped between the advancing Nazis and the English Channel. The British sent every boat they could get across the English Channel to pick up troops off the beaches of Dunkirk.
Miracle at Dunkirk The event at Dunkirk is called a miracle because the retreating allies had lost hope and then the British pulled through for them and rescued 338,000 men.
June 22, 1940 On June 22, 1940 France signs an armistice with Germany in occupied France. An armistice is a cease fire or a truce. The Franco-German Armistice divided France into two zones. One zone was under German military occupation and the other was under French control. In 1942 Germans occupied all of France
June 22, 1940
Questions What were the immediate causes of WWII? Describe the German concept of the “blitzkrieg”. Where were the early Axis triumphs, and what was the “phony war”? What was the miracle at Dunkirk? What was the significance of June 22, 1940?