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Le passé composé The perfect tense. The passé composé, or the perfect tense, is a past tense and is used to talk about things: that happened (e.g. I did.

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Presentation on theme: "Le passé composé The perfect tense. The passé composé, or the perfect tense, is a past tense and is used to talk about things: that happened (e.g. I did."— Presentation transcript:

1 Le passé composé The perfect tense

2 The passé composé, or the perfect tense, is a past tense and is used to talk about things: that happened (e.g. I did / I played / I went) or that have happened (e.g. I have done / I have played / I have been)

3 3 It is made up of _______ parts. three 1 on 2

4 Who did or has done the action? Remember the right order! 1 on

5 être:je tu il / elle / on nous vous ils /elles avoir:j tu il / elle / on nous vous ils/elles Find the conjugated verb forms in the wordsearch : avoir and être

6 2 Follow these simple steps to decide which auxiliary verb to use. Is the verb reflexive? (starts with se in the infinitive e.g. se laver / se brosser) Choose your infinitive Use être noyes Is the verb in Mrs Van der Tramp? no yes Use avoir M MonterTo climb R ResterTo stay S SortirTo go out V VenirTo come A ArriverTo arrive N NaitreTo be born D DescendreTo go down E EntrerTo go in R RetournerTo go back T TomberTo fall R RentrerTo go back A AllerTo go M mourirTo die P PartirTo leave

7 Is the verb reflexive? (starts with se in the infinitive e.g. se laver / se brosser) Choose your infinitive Use être noyes Is the verb in Mrs Van der Tramp? no yes Use avoir Decide who did the verb. Choose the correct part of avoir / être. Add the past participle

8 Is the verb reflexive? (starts with se in the infinitive e.g. se laver / se brosser) Choose your infinitive no Is the verb in Mrs Van der Tramp? no Use avoir Decide who did the verb. Choose the correct part of avoir / être. Add the past participle Did you use être? no Finished! Example 1 – She played jouer Ellejouéa

9 3 How many types of infinitive are there? 3 What are they? ERREIR Summary: Regular past participles are formed by taking the infinitive and replacing the er, re or ir with é, u or i Irregular past participles have to be learnt by heart éui What do you replace each one with to form the past participle of regular verbs?

10 Irregular past participles These are a few of the most commonly used verbs which have irregular past participles: French English Infinitive Past participle Infinitive Past participle avoireu to havehad boirebu to drinkdrank conduireconduit to drivedrove connaitre savoir connu su to knowknew courircouru to runran croirecru to believebelieved devoirdu to have tohad to diredit to saysaid écrireécrit to writewrote êtreété to bewas French English Infinitive Past participle Infinitive Past participle fairefait to dodid lirelu to readread mettremis to putput mourirmort to diedied naîtrené to be bornwas born pouvoirpu to be ablecould prendrepris to taketook rireri to laughlaughed venirvenu to comecame voirvu to seesaw vouloirvoulu to wantwanted

11 Is the verb reflexive? (starts with se in the infinitive e.g. se laver / se brosser) Choose your infinitive Use être noyes Is the verb in Mrs Van der Tramp? no yes Use avoir Decide who did the verb. Choose the correct part of avoir / être. Add the past participle Did you use être? noyes Finished! Make your past participle agree with the person doing the verb (add e for feminine and s for plural)

12 allé Is the verb reflexive? (starts with se in the infinitive e.g. se laver / se brosser) Choose your infinitive Use être no Is the verb in Mrs Van der Tramp? yes Decide who did the verb. Choose the correct part of avoir / être. Add the past participle Did you use être? yes Finished! Make your past participle agree with the person doing the verb (add e for feminine and s for plural) Example 2 – the girls went aller Ellessont es

13 Is the verb reflexive? (starts with se in the infinitive e.g. se laver / se brosser) Choose your infinitive Use être yes Decide who did the verb. Choose the correct part of avoir / être. Add the past participle Did you use être? yes Finished! Make your past participle agree with the person doing the verb (add e for feminine and s for plural) Example 3 – I got up se lever Jesuis levé Don t forget the reflexive pronoun (me / te / se / nous / vous / se) me (e)

14 Is the verb reflexive? (starts with se in the infinitive e.g. se laver / se brosser) Choose your infinitive Use être yes Decide who did the verb. Choose the correct part of avoir / être. Add the past participle Did you use être? yes Finished! Make your past participle agree with the person doing the verb (add e for feminine and s for plural) Example 4 – Jack and I woke up se réveiller Noussommes réveillé Don t forget the reflexive pronoun (me / te / se / nous / vous / se) nous s

15 Now it is your turn Translate the following sentences using the flow chart to help you: 1.He took the cake 2.I drank some champagne 3.You wrote a letter (1 friend) 4.We went out last night 5.You played football (3 friends) 6.She ate her dinner 7.Sarah and Lucie went to the cinema 8.Melissa stayed at home and she finished her homework. 9.Pierre and Brice sold the car 10.We met in front of the cinema

16 Une comptine dans le passé composé; Ce petit cochon est allé au marché, Ce petit cochon à la maison est resté, Ce petit cochon a eu du rôti, Ce petit cochon n'en a pas eu mie, Et ce petit cochon na eu plus, pette-petit, Qu'à s'en retourner chez lui. mais comment ça traduit en anglais?

17 Les réponses 1.He took the cake 2.I drank some champagne 3.You wrote a letter (1 friend) 4.We went out last night 5.You played football (3 friends) 6.She ate her dinner 7.Sarah and Lucie went to the cinema 8.Melissa stayed at home and she finished her homework. 9.Pierre and Brice sold the car 10.We met in front of the cinema 1. Il a pris le gâteau 2. Jai bu du champagne 3. Tu as écrit une lettre 4. Nous sommes sorti(e)s hier soir 5. Vous avez joué au foot 6. Elle a mangé son dîner 7. Sarah et Lucie sont allées au cinéma 8. Melissa est restée à la maison et elle a fini ses devoirs. 9. Pierre et Brice ont vendu la voiture 10. Nous nous sommes rencontré(e)s devant le cinéma

18 Worksheets online l/curric/French/2PerfectTense/2Perfect1.htm l/curric/French/2PerfectTense/2Perfect1.htm l/curric/French/2PerfectTense/2Perfect5.htm l/curric/French/2PerfectTense/2Perfect5.htm


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