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Le Passé Composé How to express actions that took place in the past.

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Presentation on theme: "Le Passé Composé How to express actions that took place in the past."— Presentation transcript:

1 Le Passé Composé How to express actions that took place in the past.

2 In previous episodes…. This year weve worked on DOUBLE VERB CONJUGATIONS like I like to swim=Jaime nager. He is going to eat dinner with me.=Elle va dîner avec moi. We love to dance. =Nous aimons bien danser.

3 However, now….. ….were going to enter the world of the PAST! In French, there are simple tenses, and compound tenses. Simple tenses use the main verb and alter the endings to move around in time. For example: I speak French=je parle français. You are american=tu es américain.

4 Compound tenses…. Use an auxiliary (helping) verb) + (plus) a past participle of the main verb. There are ONLY two auxiliaries in French: avoir and être. For now, were only using avoir. The être verbs will come later. Once you get the hang of compound verbs in French, youve opened the door to ALL compound tenses, and youre halfway through the verb cycle! Yay!!!

5 Composé=compound The Passé Composé is a 2-part verb tense. COMPOUND! Just like H2O=water,you MUST have both parts of this tense. The auxiliary (avoir or être) The past participle

6 Avoirto have jainous avons tu asvous avez il ails ont elle aelles ont on a

7 For now, were only using avoir. The passé composé with être will be taught in a later unit.

8 Past participles. In English we say I walked I have spoken. The –ed and –en are past tense endings for those verbs. In French we have to give our verbs past tense endings, too.

9 Past participles of REGULAR VERBS -ER VERBS. Drop the –er and add back –é….parlé -IR VERBS. Drop the –ir and add back –i…..fini -RE VERBS. Drop the –re and add back –u…..vendu

10 Now add the two together to get your compound verb, the passé composé: PARLER (example of –er verb) Jai parléNous avons parlé Tu as parléVous avez parlé Il a parléIls ont parlé Notice the parlé never changes.

11 FINIR (example of an –ir verb) Jai finiNous avons fini Tu as finiVous avez fini Il a finiIls ont fini Notice the fini never changes.

12 VENDRE (example of an –re verb Jai vendu Nous avons vendu Tu as venduVous avez vendu Il a venduIls ont vendu Notice the vendu never changes.

13 Translation into English There are 3 ways to translate the passé composé into English: Jai parlé I spoke I have spoken I did speak NOTE: Dont try to force English into the translation!

14 NOTE! Dont try to force English into the translation! Just because jai parlé can be translated into I did speak, dont think you need a different word to represent did. Just as je parle=I speak, I am speaking, I do speak……jai parlé=I spoke, I have spoken, I did speak.

15 EXAMPLES Il a parlé français avec moi. (He spoke French with me.) Nous avons regardé tous les matchs des Cardinals. (We have watched all the Cardinals games.) Avez-vous écouté mon nouveau CD? (Did you listen to my new CD?)

16 TROUBLE-SHOOTING Whats wrong with the following? They spoke Spanish in Mexico. Ils parlé espagnol au Mexique. She finished her homework last night. Elle a ses devoirs hier soir. You sold your bike in September. Tu as vendus ton vélo en septembre. They loved the film. Ils a aimé le film.

17 Corrected: Ils ont parlé espagnol au Mexique. (You MUST have both parts of the verb!) Elle a fini ses devoirs hier soir. (You MUST have both parts of the verb!) Tu as vendu ton vélo en septembre. (The past participle never changes!) Ils ont aimé le film. (Incorrect conjugation of avoir.)

18 Cest votre tour….its your turn… Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the passé composé for the verbs in parentheses. 1.Tu ____________ (jouer) au foot avec Pierre? 2.J____________ (réussir) à lexamen. 3.Il __________ (perdre) dix kilos. 4.Nous __________ (adorer) la nouvelle chanson. 5.Vous __________ (choisir) les vestes rouges. 6.Ils __________ (entendre) la musique en classe.

19 Les réponses correctes: 1.Tu as joué au foot avec Pierre? 2.Jai réussi à lexamen. 3.Il a perdu dix kilos. 4.Nous avons adoré la nouvelle chanson. 5.Vous avez choisi les vestes rouges. 6.Ils ont entendu la musique en classe. Est-ce que vous avez réussi? Did you succeed?

20 IRREGULAR VERBS= IRREGULAR PAST PARTICIPLES So, what if a verb is irregular in the present tense? Then most likely it also has an irregular past participle. For example: faire. If we followed the regular rule, we would drop the –re and add back a –u. Hmm…that would make the past participle of faire=faiu. NON, NON, ET NON! The PP of faire is fait (just like the 3 rd person singular). So…jai fait une tarte pour le pique-nique= I made a pie for the picnic.

21 COMMON IRREGULAR PPS Avoir (yes, it also needs a PP)=eu Être (yes it also needs a PP)=été Vouloir=voulu Pouvoir=pu Devoir=dû Voir=vu Mettre=mis Prendre=pris

22 Re-cap Passé composé=compound past verb tense MUST have 2 parts: auxiliary & past participle Auxiliary is avoir for now Past participles come from the main verb. Regular verbs drop their –er, -ir, -re endings and add back –é, -i, -u respectively. Irregular verbs have irregular past participles. Youll just have to memorize these. The PC translates like this: jai parlé=I spoke, I have spoken, I did speak.

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