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EXPRESSIONS IMPERSONNELLES ET INDEFINIES IMPERSONAL AND INDEFINITE EXPRESSIONS.

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Presentation on theme: "EXPRESSIONS IMPERSONNELLES ET INDEFINIES IMPERSONAL AND INDEFINITE EXPRESSIONS."— Presentation transcript:

1 EXPRESSIONS IMPERSONNELLES ET INDEFINIES IMPERSONAL AND INDEFINITE EXPRESSIONS

2 IMPERSONAL 1)il+être+adj.+de+infinitive Il est agréable découter de la musique.- It is pleasant to listen to music.

3 2) ce+être+adj.+à+infinitive Cest facile à comprendre. Its easy to understand. Cest difficile à dire. Its difficult to tell.

4 3)ce+être+noun+de+infinitive Cest une erreur de bavarder pendant le cours.- Its a mistake to talk in class.

5 il and ce The forms with ce are more frequent than with il in modern spoken French. Other examples of this structure are:

6 Cest indispensable de… Its essential to… Il est nécessaire de… Its necessary to… Il est permis de…-It is allowed; one may

7 4)Some common impersonal verbs For talking about the weather!! il pleut- its raining. il neige- its snowing. il grèle- its hailing.

8 Still talking about the weather il tonne – its thundering. il fait beau (temps)- its fine weather. il fait mauvais (temps)-its bad weather.

9 il fait froid- its cold. il fait frais- its cool. il fait chaud- its hot. il fait jour- its daylight. il fait nuit- its night.

10 il se fait tard- its getting late. il fait du soleil- its sunny. il fait du vent- its windy. il fait de lorage-its stormy.

11 il fait du brouillard- its foggy.

12 5)Il faut+infinitive Il faut écouter le professeur.- You must listen to the teacher. Il faut parler plus fort.-You must speak louder.

13 6) il faut+noun Il faut du courage- it takes courage;youve got to be brave. Il faut de la patience- youve got to be patient.

14 7) il est to express time Quelle heure est-il?-What time is it? Il est midi moins le quart- Its a quarter to twelve. Il est temps de partir-Its time to go.

15 Il est trop tôt pour lappeler- Its too early to call her. Il est tard- Its late. Cest trop tard-Its too late.

16 8)il y a (there is;there are) Il y a une dame dans le bureau- There is a lady in the office. Il y a des étudiants dans la bibliothèque-There are students in the library.

17 Quest-ce quil y a? - Whats the matter? When used with expressions of time, il y a (voici and voilà) serve to express the meaning ago

18 Example : Jai fini il y a dix minutes.- I finished ten minutes ago. Jai fini voici dix minutes.- I finished ten minutes ago. Jai fini voilà dix minutes.-I finished ten minutes ago.

19 9) il sagit de (its a question of; its about; it deals with) Dans cet article, il sagit de lutilité du français.- This article deals with the usefulness of the French language.

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