2 ReviewDepuis means "since" or "for." It is used with a French verb in the present tense to talk about an action that began in the past and continues in the present.J'étudie le français depuis 3 ans. I've studied French for 3 years (and still do).Pendant means "for" and refers to the entire duration of an action in the past or future, with no relation to the present.J'ai étudié le français pendant 3 ans. I studied French for 3 years (and then stopped).
3 reviewPendant followed by a noun means "during." In this sense, it is synonymous with durant.J'ai vu un film pendant mon séjour. I saw a film during my stay.“Il y a” means "ago" and can only be used for things that are already completed. The verb in the sentence must be in the past and il y a must be followed by some reference to time.Je suis arrivée il y a une heure. I arrived an hour ago.
4 POURPour means ___________. It can express the duration of an event ______________________. Note that _____________ could also be used in all of these.
5 exemples Je vais y habiter pour 2 mois. I'm going to live there for 2 months. Il étudiera en Europe pour 3 ans. He'll study in Europe for 3 years. Le projet est suspendu pour un an. The project is suspended for a year.
6 Be careful…Although the verb in the final example is not in the future, the use of pour indicates that the one-year suspension is either about to start or is currently underway. If the suspension had already occurred, you would have to use pendant: Le projet a été suspendu pendant un an. The project was suspended for a year.
7 DansDans means _______. It is used to indicate a moment ___________ in which something will occur.
8 exemples Je partirai dans deux ans. I will leave in two years. Le film finira dans une heure.The film will end in one hour.
9 EnEn means ______. It is used to indicate the ________________ needed to complete an action.
10 exemples Je complète le cours en dix minutes. I complete the course in ten minutes.