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Français I Leçon 2B – Structure (avoir & telling time)

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Presentation on theme: "Français I Leçon 2B – Structure (avoir & telling time)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Français I Leçon 2B – Structure (avoir & telling time)

2 Avoir = to have The verb avoir (to have) is used often in French. Avoir is an irregular verb. It does not follow a pattern and you will have to memorize each spelling. jai (I have) nous avons (we have) tu as (you have) vous avez (you have, plural/formal) il a (he has) ils ont (they have) elle a (she has) elles ont (they have, fem.) on a (one has)

3 Avoir w/ negation An indefinite article (un/une/des) usually becomes de/d after a negation. Example: Jai un cours difficile. Je nai pas de cours difficile. Il a des examens. Il na pas dexamens.

4 Avoir is used in certain expressions where English generally uses to be or to feel. Expressions with avoir avoir…ansto be…years old avoir besoin (de)to need avoir de la chanceto be lucky avoir chaudto be hot

5 avoir envie (de)to feel like avoir froidto be cold avoir honte (de)to be ashamed of avoir lairto be like

6 avoir peur (de)to be afraid of avoir raisonto be right avoir sommeilto be sleepy avoir tortto be wrong

7 Telling Time

8 There are two ways to ask what time it is: Quelle heure est-il? (What time is it?) Est-ce que vous avez lheure? (Do you have the time?)

9 Use heures by itself to express time on the hour. (use heure for one oclock) Il est quatre heures. Il est une heure.

10 Express time from the hour to the half-hour by adding minutes. Il est douze heurs deux. 12:02 Il est onze heures vingt. 11:20

11 Use et quart to say that it is fifteen minutes past the hour. Use et demie to say that it is thirty minutes past the hour. Il est une heure et quart. 1:15 Il est sept heures et demie. 7:30

12 To express time from the half hour to the hour, subtract minutes or a portion of an hour from the next hour. Il est trois heures moins dix. 2:50 Il est une heure moins le quart. 12:45

13 To express at what time something happens, use the preposition à. Marc travaille à sept heures moins vingt. (Marc works at 6:40.) Nous passons un examen à une heure. (We take a test at one oclock.)

14 Expressions for telling time Á quelle heure?At what time? de laprès-midiin the afternoon du matinin the morning du soirin the evening en avanceearly en retardlate

15 midinoon minuitmidnight pileon the dot presquealmost tardlate tôtearly versabout

16 FYI… In France, the 24-hour clock is often used to express official time. Departure times, movie times, and store hours are expressed in this fashion. Only numbers are used to tell time this way. Expressions like et demie, moins le quart, etc. are not used.

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