# Three-Phase AC machines

## Presentation on theme: "Three-Phase AC machines"— Presentation transcript:

Three-Phase AC machines
Resource 8 Three-Phase Synchronous Machine Starters and Control Gear

Three-Phase AC Machines Resource 7
Three-Phase Synchronous Machines Aims To understand the methods of starting a three-phase synchronous machine To understand the control gear requirements for a three-phase synchronous machine

Objectives Three-Phase AC Machines Resource 7
Three-Phase Synchronous Machines Objectives To be able to explain why a synchronous machine is not self starting To be able to describe how to start a three phase synchronous machine with a prime mover To be able to describe how to synchronise a three phase synchronous machine to the mains supply To be able to describe how to start a synchronous machine with a pony motor

Starting Problems A three-phase synchronous machine cannot self start as a motor Stator field moving at 50Hz Rotor field energised with DC via slip rings Stator field moving too quickly for rotor to lock on

Prime Mover Method Start the machine as a generator using a prime mover and the three-lamp method

Prime Mover Method Start the machine as a generator using a prime mover and the three-lamp method Generator output must match the supply in 3 ways The frequencies must be equal The line voltages must be equal The phase-relationships be the same

Prime Mover Method Main switch can be closed when L1 is off and L2 and L3 are equally bright

Pony Motor Method Start the machine as a generator using a pony motor

Pony Motor Series Method
Start the machine using a pony motor (Q, M and C3 closed) When near synchronous speed switch on dc supply to rotor (C2 closed, C3 open) Rotor synchronous motor catches up with the rotating field When at synchronous speed short out pony motor stator windings (C1 closed)

Pony Motor Parallel Method
Start the machine using a pony motor (Q, M, C1 and C3 closed) When near synchronous speed switch on dc supply to rotor (C2 closed, C3 open) Rotor synchronous motor catches up with the rotating field When at synchronous speed short out pony motor stator windings (C1 open)

Operation as a Synchronous Motor
The V-curve The rotor current can be adjusted to vary the power factor of the stator Unity power factor is achieved when stator current is at its minimum This machine can be used to correct power factor of induction motors when connected in parallel

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