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Pronouns What are they?.

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Presentation on theme: "Pronouns What are they?."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pronouns What are they?

2 I, you, he, she, it, we, they A pronoun takes the place of one or
more nouns. Some pronouns are: I, you, he, she, it, we, they

3 Some stories are designed to teach lesson; they are called fables.
The pronoun is they The noun the pronoun refers to (also known as an antecedent) is stories

4 Rewrite this sentence, replacing the appropriate
nouns with pronouns. The owner gave the dog a soft bed and fed the dog well. The owner gave the dog a soft bed and fed it well (her or him would work too if you know the gender of the dog.)

5 Pronouns MUST agree with their antecedents.
When using a pronoun, make sure its antecedent, the noun to which it refers, is clear. Example: Nicolas heard. He heard.

6 Pronouns should agree with their antecedents in NUMBER and GENDER
Pronouns should agree with their antecedents in NUMBER and GENDER. Number tells whether a pronoun is singular or plural. Gender tells whether a pronoun is masculine or feminine, or neutral. Example: Nicolas heard a librarian tell stories. He heard her tell them. In the above example, he is singular and masculine, her is singular and feminine, and them is plural and neutral.

7 Write the pronoun. Then write its antecedent.
Thurgood Marshall was born in Maryland; his grandfather had been taken to Maryland as a slave. The pronoun is: his The antecedent is: Thurgood Marshall

8 Write the pronoun in the parentheses that correctly completes the sentence: Marshall’s mother sold (his, her) engagement ring to help pay for law school. The correct pronoun is her The sentence is about the mother’s ring.

9 Subject and Object Pronouns
A subject pronoun is used as the subject or as part of the subject of the sentence. The subject pronouns are: I, you, he, she, it, we, and they. We are ready to go. An object pronoun is used as a direct or indirect object in a sentence. It can also be used after a preposition. The object pronouns are: me, you, him, her, it, us, and them. Rebecca gave me the gift.

10 Possessive Pronouns A possessive pronoun shows ownership or possession of something. The possessive pronouns my, your, his, her, its, our, and their are used BEFORE nouns. Example: Jerome is learning about his ancestors.

11 The possessive pronouns mine, yours, his, hers, ours, and theirs stand alone.
Example: The picture is his. The books are mine.

12 Reflexive Pronouns A reflexive pronoun usually refers to the subject of a sentence. The reflexive pronouns are: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, and themselves. Example: Marie found herself alone in a quiet forest.

13 Indefinite Pronouns An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that does not refer to a specific person, place, thing, or idea. The indefinite pronouns are everyone, everything, everybody, anybody, many, most, few, each, some, someone, all, nothing, nobody, and no one.

14 Examples: Someone is knocking at the door
Examples: Someone is knocking at the door. Some-ONE is singular Some of the girls are sick. SOME is plural

15 Who vs. Whom and Who’s vs. Whose
Use who as a subject pronoun and whom as an object pronoun. Example: Who is not going To whom am I speaking? Do not confuse the possessive pronoun whose with the contraction who’s (who is).

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