A pronoun is a word that takes the place of one or more nouns. Pro- means for (standing FOR a noun) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= yg9MKQ1OYCg
Pronouns that are used to refer to people or things are called personal pronouns. Examples: he, she, it
A subject pronoun is used as the subject of a sentence. The subject is WHO or WHAT the sentence is about. She is my sister. It is my hat. Does he have a dog. You and I go to the movie.
An object pronoun is a personal pronoun in the objective case. It is used as the direct or inderect object of a verb. Object pronouns will never be the subject of the sentence. Give the pencil to me. The teacher gave her a referral. I will tell you a secret. Hannah read it to them.
Singular Plural I we you he, she, it they Subject Pronouns me us you him, her, it them Object Pronouns
1. Listen to this song and then lets try it together! http://www.youtube.com/wat ch?v=SWnc1HSCvRY http://www.youtube.com/wat ch?v=SWnc1HSCvRY 2. Activity. Complete WS p. 16 as a table and then we will go over it together.
How do you know when to use me or I, we or us? 1. Use a Subject Pronoun as a subject 2. Use Object pronoun as object of the verb Examples (Circle the correct pronoun listed): SUBJECT- She owns a collection of books. INDIRECT OBJECT- He told her an amusing story. DIRECT OBJECT- The fable entertained us.
When in a pair (Susan and I) Always take the pronoun OUT of the pair to see which pronoun is the correct one to use. EXAMPLES: Richard and (I or me) recited the story. Jennifer helped Richard and (I or me). Read sentence without the words that the pronoun is paired with to see what works.
When using a pronoun in a pair: **ALWAYS put the pronoun second Seth and I read some comic books. (Not I and Seth) Science interests Mike and me. (Not me and Mike).
In formal writing and speech: use a subject pronoun after a linking verb. RIGHT The winner is she. NOT She is the winner.
Complete WS p. 19, Using Pronouns Correctly and then we will review as a class.
Antecedent- The noun or group of words that a pronoun refers to Example: Tyler read “The Hungry Caterpillar.” He found it exciting. ANTECEDENT of he ___________________ ANTECEDENT of exciting __________________
RULE FOR PRONOUNS and ANTECEDENTS: 1. Pronoun must agree with antecedent in number (singular or plural) and gender. 2. The gender of a noun may be masculine (male), feminine (female), or neuter (referring to things).
Possessive Pronoun A pronoun that shows who or what has something. NOTE: A possessive pronoun may take the place of a possessive noun.
Examples: Matt’s shoe is too small. Replace noun with possessive pronoun. _______ shoe is too small. Mike’s homework is perfect. Possesive Noun- __________ Replace with pronoun- _________ ________ homework is perfect.
Possessive pronouns have two forms. - One form is used before a noun. - The other form is used alone. ours yours theirs mine yours his, hers, its Used alone our your their my your his, her, its Used before nouns PluralSingular
ALWAYS REMEMBER: POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS do NOT contain an apostrophe. * Possessive its never splits. *It’s - is a contraction standing for it is *Its no apostrophe is POSSESSIVE Example: I love my book. (Its) characters are funny. *Its is a possevive pronoun standing for what noun?
Complete WS p. 18 to review possessive pronouns
indefinite pronoun A pronoun that does not refer to a particular person, place, or thing. Example: Does anyone know where Mr. Malloy went? Everyone thought he was hiding in a locker. NOTE: Most indefinite pronouns are either ALWAYS singular or plural.
SingularPlural another everybody no one anybody everyone nothing anyone everything one anything much somebody each neither someone either nobody something both few many others several SINGULAR or PLURAL All, any, most, none and some can be singular or plural, depending on the phrase that follows them.
When an indefinite pronoun is used as the subject, the verb must agree with it in number. EXAMPLE: Everyone discusses the dance last Friday. (singular) Both talk about how fun it was! (plural) All of the dance was very loud. (singular) All of the middle schoolers were dancing fools. (plural)
Possessive pronouns often have indefinite pronouns as their antecedents. In such cases, the pronouns must agree in number. Each of the teachers has his or her unique teaching style. Several have funny conversations with their students.
Complete WS p. 19 reviewing Indefinite pronouns