Presentation on theme: "Chapter 10: Byzantine and Muslim Civilization"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 10: Byzantine and Muslim Civilization The Beginning of Islam
2 ObjectivesLearn about the Arabian Peninsula, its nomadic people, and its centers of trade. Find out about the life and mission of the Muslim prophet Muhammad. Learn about Muslim beliefs.
3 The Arabian PeninsulaArabian Peninsula is desert. It has no major rivers and gets little rain.
4 Bedouins lived in the desert. The Bedouins were nomads. The Arabian PeninsulaBedouins lived in the desert. The Bedouins were nomads.
5 The Arabian PeninsulaAn oasis is a green area within a desert. It gets its water from below the ground.
6 Caravans - Groups of traders traveling together for safety. The Arabian PeninsulaCaravans - Groups of traders traveling together for safety.
7 Muhammad was born in Mecca The Prophet MuhammadMuhammad was born in Mecca
8 Muhammad - The prophet and founder of Islam. The Prophet MuhammadMuhammad - The prophet and founder of Islam.
9 The Prophet MuhammadMuhammad and his followers were invited to a city north of Mecca. The people there believed in Muhammad. This journey is known as the hijra or “the migration.”
10 A muezzin calls Muslims to worship five times a day. The Prophet MuhammadA muezzin calls Muslims toworship five times a day.
11 Mosque - A Muslim house of worship. The Prophet MuhammadMosque - A Muslim house of worship.
12 (Basic Muslim Beliefs) The Prophet MuhammadThe Five Pillars(Basic Muslim Beliefs)Shahada "There is no true God except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah."PrayerFastingAlms-giving or charityPilgrimage (Hajj)
13 Quran – Muslim Holy Book The Prophet MuhammadQuran – Muslim Holy Book