Presentation on theme: "The Constitution Test Every 8 th Grader Must Pass It and This Will Help!"— Presentation transcript:
The Constitution Test Every 8 th Grader Must Pass It and This Will Help!
The Three Branches: Legislative-makes the laws Executive-enforces the laws Judicial-interprets the laws
The Planning Stage: New Jersey Plan- every state has the same number of representatives Virginia Plan- representation is based on population of each state The Great Compromise- two houses, one with two members from each state, and one based on the population of each state The Three-Fifths Compromise- each black man counts as 3/5 of a vote. This was found to be unacceptable and declared Unconstitutional. Every adult vote counts the same in American elections.
How Long in Office? Representatives- 2 year terms Senators- 6 year terms President- 4 year terms (max. 10 years in office) Supreme Court- appointed for life by President, confirmed by the Senate
Who Has the Power? To establish post offices- F To provide national defense- F To make laws- F & S To make coins/paper money- F To establish local and county governments- S To hold elections- S To declare war- F F=Federal S=State
Legislative, Executive, or Judicial? May declare war- L Collects taxes- E Makes Agreements w/ foreign countries- E Interprets laws- J Approves treaties- L Judges laws for fairness- J Enforces laws- E Commander-in-Chief- E Settles disputes between States- J Makes laws- L
The Legislative (Congress) House Of Representatives 435 members, based on population of state The Senate 100 members, each state has two, regardless of population
The Executive President of the United States - elected every 4 years - must be 35 years of age - must be born in America The President’s Cabinet - advisors - appointed by the President and approved by the Senate - serve at the “pleasure” of the President
Questions????? Who becomes President if the President dies? How many Associate Supreme Court Justices are there? One Justice is special. What is his/her title? What is the name for the leader of the House of Representatives? Who is considered the “Father” of the Constitution?
The Bill of Rights (the first ten amendments) Guarantees right to own guns___ You do not have to keep soldiers in your home___ You do not have to testify against yourself___ A warrant is needed to search property___ No state religion___ Guarantees trial by jury___ Powers not Federal are State___ No Cruel and unusual punishment___ People have basic rights not listed in the Constitution___ Right to trial for any crime over $20___
Know These Terms: Compromise Ratify Amendment Majority Unanimous Bill Preamble Veto Separation of powers Branches of government Congress Amendment 12 Amendment 14 Amendments 15,19,26 Amendment 13 Checks and balances Posterity Suffrage Federalism Elastic clause Popular sovereignty abolition
The Preamble We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
The Preamble ______ ____ ________ of the United States, in ________ to form a ________ perfect union, ____________ justice, ___________ domestic _______________, __________ for the ___________ defense, _______________ the general __________, and ___________ the _____________ of liberty to ourselves and our _________________, do ordain and _______________ this ________________ for the United ______________ of America.
The Preamble We the _________ of the United States, in order to _________ a more perfect ___________, establish ____________, ensure domestic _______________, provide for the ____________ defense, promote the general ___________, and secure the ______________ of liberty to _______________ and our posterity, do ________________ and establish this ______________________ for the United States of America.