Presentation on theme: "Examine the spatial pattern of economic activity Examine the zoning of urban and suburban functions and the internal structure of the CBD."— Presentation transcript:
1 Examine the spatial pattern of economic activity Examine the zoning of urban and suburban functions and the internal structure of the CBD
2 What factors influence the location of industry?
3 What different land uses are there in urban areas?
4 Prepare annotated diagrams of BurgessHoytHarris and Ulman
5 Urban structure A combination of form and function As towns grow different functions group together forming functional zones.The shape or form is referred to as urban morphologyAlso affected by topography, climate and human factors
6 Burgess, concentric zone model 1924 Based on concepts of competition and dominance.Assumption that within a city people compete for limited spaceOnly those who could afford them gained the best locations for homes and businessesTherefore poorest groups had the least choice and left with the worst locations.Functional zones are concentric and different in terms of age and character.
7 Hoyt sector model (1939) Extension of Burgess Agreement that high income groups bought up best residential landBelief that as the city expanded, residential areas of similar socio economic status would grow outwards from the CBD in patterns of wedges or sectorsSectors develop because some outlying areas have better access to the CBD than others. E.g. high class residential areas grew up along suburban railway lines.
8 Harris and Ullman (1945) Challenge to the idea of a single CBD Suggestion that a town might grow around a number of different nucleiiE.g. former villages swallowed by city growth and new suburban shopping centres
9 Some activities locate near each other – e. g Some activities locate near each other – e.g. shops so that customers can compare pricesSome land uses repel others e.g. high value housing not found close to manufacturingSome activities can pay higher rents than others e.g. offices and shops can afford high rents so locate in the CBD, but manufacturing cannot afford so locate on cheaper sites.
10 Explain how economic activity can be explained by a land use model. P391 Waugh
11 The CBD Is the economic and commercial core of the city. Fig P302 (Course companion) shows the features of a CBD.
13 Location of hong kong’s industry Docks, import yards and processing facilities;Lai Chi Kok, Hung Hom, Kennedy town through to Wanchai along the Northern coast, Tsing Yi, down from Tai Kok Tsui behind the typhoon shelter.Oil refinery and ship building;Southern part of Tsing Yi.Manufacturing factories;Aberdeen (multistory factories), Kwun Tong+ Kowloon Bay (formally airport, includes large warehouses), Tuen Mun, Chai Wan, Shun Kei Wan.Science/cyber parks;Cyberport, also between Sha Tin and Tai Po and see websiteRetail;Causeway Bay, Harbour City TSTBanking and Commercial;Wanchai through to Central and Mid-levels