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Europe After WWI Worldwide depression High war debt owed by Germany High inflation - very high prices Massive unemployment.

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Presentation on theme: "Europe After WWI Worldwide depression High war debt owed by Germany High inflation - very high prices Massive unemployment."— Presentation transcript:


2 Europe After WWI Worldwide depression High war debt owed by Germany High inflation - very high prices Massive unemployment

3 Causes of WWII Political instability and economic devastation Rise of fascism The Allies Shift in U.S. war policy (Isolationist to Lend-Lease/economic aid to direct involvement) Tension between Japan and the U.S.

4 Political instability and economic devastation in Europe lead to the rise of FASCISM

5 FASCIST governments… Lead by dictator Blind loyalty Ruled with violence and fear Extreme nationalism Strong military Total control over government


7 Adolf Hitler- Germany

8 Benito Mussolini- Italy

9 Hideki Tojo-Japan


11 Winston Churchill- Great Britain

12 Joseph Stalin- U.S.S.R.

13 United States Franklin D. Roosevelt

14 Churchill, FDR (U.S), Stalin

15 Germany Begins WWII Invades Poland - 1939 Invades France -1940 Attacks London in the Battle of Britain-1940-1941

16 Blitzkrieg- lightning warfare

17 At first, U.S. stays out of the war… ISOLATIONISM U.S is not involved By 1941, US helped Britain by providing war supplies in a program called Lend –Lease (economic help for Allies) Tensions because of Japanese aggression – FDR stops US industries from selling goods to Japan, and in 1941 FDR froze all Japanese assets in the U.S. Tojo becomes head of Japanese government in October 1941 and decided it was time to act against the US

18 Bombing of Pearl Harbor

19 U.S. declares war against Japan

20 Turning Point in Pacific 1942 US beats Japan in Battle of Midway –Japan now on the defensive

21 U.S.S.R beats Germany at the Battle of Stalingrad 1942-1943 Germany becomes weaker and weaker

22 Turning Point in Western Europe June 6, 1944 D-Day Allied forces land to take back Normandy, France

23 V-E Day Victory in Europe After D-Day, the Allies liberated France, Belgium, and the Netherlands and pushed their way into Germany. Soviet forces pushed in from the east and the two groups met in Berlin. Hitler committed suicide. May 8, 1945 Germany surrenders.

24 The Holocaust a systematic or planned attempt to rid the world of Jewish people

25 Aryan-Hitler’s idea of the perfect race blond hair and blue eyes

26 Anti-Semitism a feeling of hatred towards the Jews

27 Kristallnacht “The Night of Broken Glass” Nazi soldiers destroyed the stores and synagogues of the Jews people

28 pogroms killing of Jews in certain towns as a way to embarrass, torture and punish the Jews

29 Final Solution Nazis boycott Jewish stores Nazis take away Jewish political rights taken – no longer citizens and could not vote Nazis violently attacked and burned synagogues, staged book burnings Nazis “final solution” was extermination – mass murder of Jews

30 Concentration camps like Auschwitz and Buchenwald 6 million Jews were killed 1 ½ million Jewish children were killed Millions of blacks, gypsies, homosexuals and people with physical and mental handicaps were killed

31 Home-Front 1941-1945 Blacks, Hispanics, and Japanese Americans served with honor in the military despite discrimination.

32 Internment camps Japanese-Americans either served in the army or were sent to live in “camps” that were only for the Japanese- U.S. was afraid of Japanese spies

33 Women Go to Work with Rosie the Riveter

34 Women took jobs in the war factories/ industries

35 Atomic Bombs used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

36 Harry Truman becomes U.S. president after FDR dies Truman gives the order to drop the two atomic bombs on Japan on August 6 and 9,1945

37 Atomic Bomb Destruction

38 V-J Day Japan surrenders on August 14, 1945 ending WWII

39 After the War Marshall Plan  Provided money to help rebuild Europe  Attempted to prevent the spread of communism

40 Germany gets split  East piece is run by U.S.S.R. and is communist  Western piece is democratic

41 Japan & U.S. become allies Democratic government is set up U.S. and Japan are friends

42 United Nations is Created Organization where countries can talk about problems and try to avoid war

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