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Realidades 1 SER vs. ESTAR
SER VS. ESTAR You already know the verb ESTAR. It means “to be”
SER VS. ESTAR There is another verb in Spanish that means “to be.” It is the verb SER.
SER VS. ESTAR SER is an irregular verb, just like ESTAR, so you must memorize all its forms.
SER VS. ESTAR There are certain occasions in which you will use either SER or ESTAR. Let’s review ESTAR first!
ESTAR Used for telling LOCATION. For example:
ESTAR El libro está en la mesa. The book is on the table. Yo estoy en Guatemala. I am in Guatemala.
ESTAR Used to tell CONDITION. For example:
ESTAR Eduardo está ocupado. Eduardo is busy. Ana y Luisa están enfermas. Ana and Luisa are sick.
TO BE (In English) Iam Youare He Sheis It Weare Theyare
ESTAR Yoestoy Túestás Ud. Élestá Ella Nosotros estamos Vosotros estáis Uds. Ellos están Ellas
Ok, now let’s see what the verb SER looks like. Remember, all it’s forms are totally irregular and they follow NO pattern. You must memorize them!
SER Yosoy Túeres Ud. Éles Ella Nosotros somos Vosotros sois Uds. Ellos son Ellas
SER Used to tell TIME and DATE. Son las dos y media. It is two thirty. Es el veinte de noviembre. It is the twentieth of November.
SER Used to tell NATIONALITY. For example: Yo soy americana. Él es colombiano.
SER Used to tell WHERE SOMEONE OR SOMETHING IS FROM. Tú eres de Costa Rica. Ellas son de España.
SER To tell what someone or something is or what someone or something is like. Pepper es una perrita buena. Eduardo y José son hombres. Eduardo y José son altos.
SER Used to describe CHARACTERISTICS. Rebeca es alta. Enrique y yo somos guapos.
To summarize… Ser is used to talk about characteristics that generally do NOT change (traits). Estar is used to talk about conditions that tend to change (states).
Page 5 Realidades 2 The Verb SER SER VS. ESTAR You already know the verb ESTAR. It means to be.
Realidades 1 The Verb SER TO BE (In English) Iam Youare He Sheis It Weare Theyare.
Page 107 Realidades 1 ESTAR The Verb Estar Estar is an IRREGULAR verb. It means to be in English.
ESTAR The Verb Estar Estar is an IRREGULAR verb. It means to be in English.
Page 115 Avancemos 1 ESTAR The Verb Estar Estar is an IRREGULAR verb. It means to be in English.
Page 174 ESTAR The Verb Estar means to be in English. Estar is an IRREGULAR verb.
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Written by: Diana Antonucci. Introduction Ser Estar Single click speaker to hear audio clip >>>>
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SER VS. ESTAR TO BE OR NOT TO BE? SER AND ESTAR ARE BOTH TO BE VERBS We have already learned that there are two to be verbs in Spanish. Here they are.
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SER VS. ESTAR. Ser & Estar = to be to be SER & ESTAR Both can be translated into English as the verb ‘to be’. TO BE TO BE I am We are You areYou all.
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