Presentation on theme: "Los pronombres - pronouns"— Presentation transcript:
1Los pronombres - pronouns What is a pronoun?A pronoun replaces a noun.You can have:- Subject pronouns: eg I, you, he, she, we, they- Direct object pronouns: eg me, you, him, her, us, them- Indirect object pronouns: eg to me, to you, to him, to her, to us, to them
2Subject pronouns in Spanish yo I nosotros weTú you vosotros youél he, it ellos they (m)ella she, it ellas they (f)Remember: you don’t always need to use the subject pronoun in Spanish as the ending of the verb tells you who is doing the verb.Tengo = I haveTienes = you have etc.
3Direct object pronouns in Spanish Me me nos usTe you os youLo him, it los them (m)La her, it las them (f)Question:Where to put them?
4What is a direct object?The object that directly receives the action of the verb is called the direct object.Bill hit the ball. "Ball" receives the action of the verb "hit."Sherry reads the book. "Book" receives the action of the verb "reads."
5The direct object can also be a person. Sherry hit Bill. (DO=Bill)The direct object answers the question "what?" or "whom?" with regard to what the subject of the sentence is doing.Bill hit the ball.Bill hit what?Sherry hit Bill.Sherry hit whom?
6Often, it is desirable to replace the name of the direct object with a pronoun. Example 1Paul bought the flowers. He took the flowers home and gave the flowers to his wife.Example 2Paul bought the flowers. He took them home and gave them to his wife.
7Direct object pronouns in Spanish You usually put the object pronoun before the verb. In English we put it after the verb.Ejemplos:Me gusta esa falda. La llevo.I like that skirt. I’ll take it.Mi amigo está allí. ¿Lo ves?Mi friend is there. Can you see him?
8Más ejemplos:¿Dónde están mis zapatos? ¿Los tienes?Where are my shoes. Do you have them?Tus hermanas vinieron a mi casa anoche. Mi madre las vio.Your sisters came to my house last night. My mother saw them.Fuimos a tu casa el sábado. Nos vio también.We went to your house on Saturday. She saw us too.
9But watch out!You put the object pronoun after the verb in the following cases:After a command – eg Tráigame el menú – bring me the menuAfter an infinitive – eg Voy a darlo a John – I’m going to give it to JohnAfter a gerund (-ing) – eg Estoy poniéndolos en las mesa – I’m putting them on the table
10Let’s practice! Choose the correct pronoun. 1. They want the book. _______________ quieren.2. I know them. (Juan and Maria)_______________ conozco.3. Juan knows me._______________ conoce.4. You love me._______________ amas.
115. You-all (formal) drink milk. _______________ beben.6. He buys the magazines._______________ compra.7. They see Maria._______________ ven.8. I have the pen. (la pluma)_______________ tengo.9. You-all (familiar) want the house._______________ queréis.
12Estamos organizando una excursión en tren y todos tenemos que llevar algo. la fruta / ManoloA: ¿Quién lleva la fruta?B: La lleva ManoloLa verdura / LolaEl queso / PepeLas revistas / el señor AlmodóvarLas bebidas / MartaEl zumo de naranja / yoLas patatas / nosotrosEl pan / PacoLas botellas de agua / los amigos de RosaLa música / JorgeLos bocadillos / todos nosotros
13Indirect Object Pronouns The indirect object (IO) tells us where the direct object (DO) is going.He gives the book to María.DO=BookWhere is the book going?To María.IO=María
14The indirect object answers the question "To whom. " or "For whom The indirect object answers the question "To whom?" or "For whom?" the action of the verb is performed.He gives María the book.To whom does he give the book?To María.IO=MaríaHe buys me flowers.For whom does he buy the flowers?For me.IO=me
15Sentences that have an indirect object usually also have a direct object. Remember, the IO tells us where the DO is going. Notice how the sentences below just wouldn't work without a direct object.He gives María . . .the book, the pen, the diamond, etc.He buys me . . .flowers, candy, an ironing board, etc
16Indirect object pronouns in Spanish These are quite similar to the direct object pronouns. They mean to me, to you etc. although we don’t always use ‘to’ in English eg she gave him the book = she gave the book to him. In this case you would have to sayLe dio el libroMe (to) me nos (to) usTe (to) you os (to) youLe (to) him, it les (to) them (m)Le (to) her, it les (to) them (f)
17Let’s practice! Choose the correct pronoun. 1. Juan compra flores para ella. Juan _____ compra flores.2. El camarero da el menú a ellosEl camarero _____ da el menú.3. Ellos dan una propina a mí. Ellos _____ dan una propina.4. Compro el libro para ti. _____compro el libro.
18Translate the phrases. Do not abbreviate "usted" or "ustedes.“ Model:he gives her (dar) él le da1 we (masculine) give them (dar) 2. she gives us (dar) 3. they (masculine) give us (dar) 4. they (feminine) give her (dar) 5. you-all (formal) give me (dar) 6. Sara buys me (comprar)
197. they (masculine) buy you (familiar) (comprar) 8 7. they (masculine) buy you (familiar) (comprar) 8. we (masculine) tell them (decir) 9. Susana writes to them (escribir)10. we (masculine) bring to you (familiar) (traer)
20Here are the direct object pronouns and the indirect object pronouns side by side: DO PronounsIO PronounsEnglish Equivalentmeteyou (familiar)lo, lalehim, her, it, you (formal)nosusosyou-all (familiar)los, laslesthem, you-all (formal)
21When you have both a direct object pronoun and an indirect object pronoun in the same sentence, the indirect object pronoun comes first.Ellos me los dan.They give them to me.IO pronoun: meDO pronoun: losElla te la vende.She sells it to you.IO pronoun: teDO pronoun: la
22Whenever both pronouns begin with the letter "l" change the first pronoun to "se." le lo = se lole la = se lale los = se losle las = se lasles lo = se loles la = se lales los = se losles las = se las
23In negative sentences, the negative word comes directly before the first pronoun. No se lo tengo.I don't have it for you.Nunca se los compro.I never buy them for her.
24Let’s practice!Fill in the blanks with the appropriate pronoun or verb form.Unless otherwise noted with (f), "it" and "them" are masculine, and "you" refers to the familiar form (tú).1. He gives it to me.Él _____ lo da.2. They give it to me.Ellos me lo _____.3. We give them (f) to you.Nosotros te las _____.
254. I tell it to you.Yo te lo _____.5. They give it to you.Ellas te _____ dan.6. They write it (f) to you.Ellos te la _____.7. He buys them for you.Él te los _____.
26Fill in the blanks with the appropriate pronouns. Unless otherwise noted with (f), "it" and "them" are masculine, and "you" refers to the familiar form (tú). Don't forget to change the first pronoun to "se" when necessary.1. He sings it (f) to her. Él _____ canta.2. We sing it (f) to you. Nosotros _____cantamos.3. We tell it to them. Nosotros _____ decimos.4. I tell it to them. Yo _____ digo.
2712. She buys them for you. Ella _____ compra. 13. She cooks it (f) for him. Ella _____ cocina.14. We cook it (f) for him. Nosotros _____ cocinamosWrite ten sentences using in each sentence two object pronouns.