Presentation on theme: "- - Dr. Carole Maignan WHO European Office for Investment for Health and Developmen, Venice, Italy *The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed."— Presentation transcript:
- - Dr. Carole Maignan WHO European Office for Investment for Health and Developmen, Venice, Italy *The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the World Health Organisation. Empowering the health system: what new challenges and opportunities in Europe?
- - The WHO European Region is composed of 52 Member States
- - < 3 millions < 5 millions > 5 millions 900 million people are the population of the WHO European Region
- - The income level varies widely within the WHO European Region 15% low income <756$ 38% medium income 47% high income >9.265$
- - United Kingdom EU 15 members before May 2004 EU 10 new members since May 2004 CIS Life expectancy at birth in years There are wide variations in life expectancy between countries
- - Glasgow, Scotland 8 years difference in life expectancy
- - Torino, Italy 8 years difference in life expectancy
- - Challenges and Opportunities The power of health systems Outline of this presentation A quick look at WHO Venice Office
- - The WHO European Office for Investment for Health and Development Venice, Italy
- - The Venice Office has two main functions: 1. To monitor, review and systematize the policy implications of emerging research findings on the social and economic determinants of health. 2.To provide a set of services to increase the European capacity to promote population health.
- - 1.Where is health produced? 2.What investment strategies might have a greater impact on population’s health? 3.What strategies can contribute to reduce health inequalities and have an added value for the social and economic development? Determinants of health Strategic questions
- - ENVIRONMENT SOCIAL ECONOMICS GENETICS HEALTH DETERMINANTS
- - A quick look at WHO Venice Office The power of health systems Challenges and Opportunities
- - Health system’s role: health for development Health system definition Health care: cure illnesses Health promotion: keep population healthy
- - Health system’s role: health for development Health as a resource for development Positive effects on earnings, labour force participation and job choice An extra year of life expectancy can improve labour market productivity by about 1% Health is an important form of human capital and as such a productive asset There is a strong argument for extra investment in health over and above the direct welfare benefits that good health brings
- - Health system’s role: development for health Health systems are also employers and buyers Health systems contribute to local employment of skilled and non-skilled staff Health systems contribute to local economy by buying local goods Health systems contribute to reduction of inequalities and poverty by taking special actions towards poverty, immigration, ageing… Role of health in Research and Development
- - The power of health systems Challenges and Opportunities A quick look at WHO Venice Office
- - If the health system wants to: be part of the development agenda contribute to reduction of health inequalities It needs to demonstrate its role in: economic development in terms of employment, purchases reducing health inequalities What can the health system do?
- - Employment opportunities Innovative Recruitment Local procurement What can the health system do?
- - Good examples of “good practice” in different countries Documentation of actions and their impacts on the regional development Case-studies and pilot studies on regional initiatives and hospital policies New knowledge, know-how and skills! What do we need ?