Presentation on theme: "The Mongol Empire Ch 3.2 Genghis Khan and the Mongols Mongols lived in Northern china. –Encouraged the skill of battle into its people. –They were great."— Presentation transcript:
Genghis Khan and the Mongols Mongols lived in Northern china. –Encouraged the skill of battle into its people. –They were great horsemen Could cover 100 miles a day. Special saddles and steel stirrups. –Enabled a high rate of bow and arrow fire. –Surround their enemies, shower them with arrows. –Mongols started their conquest in 1206.
Ghengis Khan Ghenghis Khan lived from 1162- 1227. They easily conquered cnetral asia and most of Persia(Bagadad), Tibet and southeast asia Failed to invade Japan……….Storm stopped them……Divine wind. Batu, grandson to Ghenghis invaded Europe in 1240. –Controled russia, poland, and hungary. Typically they plundered the city and enslaved or killed the people living there. Europeans called them the Golden Horde (color of tents)
Kublai Khan Kublai dynasty was called the Yuan. –C–Covered most of northern china, headquartered in Beijing. –U–Under the Mongols China prospered. Population began to grow. Extended the Grand canal. Started trade routes to the south
Contact with Europeans King Louis IX and the Pope sent embassadors to China. Missionaries also traveled there with traders. Marco Polo, at seventeen, traveled to China. –Took three years –Kublai employed him as a special representitive. Stayed in China for 17 years.
Mongol / Chinese Relations Yuan Dynasty did a lot of good for the Chinese, but there were still tensions. –They spoke different languages. –Mongols did not treat the chinese as equals. –Punishments were harsher for chinese. When Kublai died in 1294. –China experienced many problem, flooding and famine caused revolts. –1368, the mongols were forced out.