Presentation on theme: "If YOU were there….. You are a farmer in northern China in As you pull weeks from a wheat field, you hear a sound like thunder Looking toward the."— Presentation transcript:
1 7.24 Describe and locate the Mongol conquest of China including Genghis Khan, Kublai Khan.
2 If YOU were there…..You are a farmer in northern China in As you pull weeks from a wheat field, you hear a sound like thunder Looking toward the sound, you see hundreds-no thousands- of armed horsemen on the horizon, riding straight toward you. You are frozen with fear. Only one thought fills your mind- the dreaded Mongols are coming.What can you do to save yourself?
3 Building BackgroundThroughout its history, northern China had been attacked over and over by nomadic peoples. During the Song dynasty these attacks became more frequent and threatening.
4 The Mongol Empire Mongols lived for years in the north part of China In 1206, a powerful leader, or khan, united themHis name was TemujinWhen he became the leader, he received the name Genghis Khan, which means Universal Ruler
5 The Mongol ConquestGenghis Khan organized the Mongols into a powerful army and led them on bloody conquests.The brutality of the conquest terrorized people throughout much of Asia and Easter Europe.When Genghis Khan and his army killed all of the people of the village they conquered.In 20 years, he ruled much of Asia
7 Mongol Conquest Genghis Khan focused his attention to China He led his armies into Northern China in 1211They worked their way south and on the way destroying towns and ruining farmlandBy the time Genghis Khan died in 1227, he ruled all of northern China.His grandson, Kublai Khan became ruler and finished the conquest of China in 1279.He declared himself Emperor of China
8 Life in Yuan ChinaKublai Khan and Mongol rulers he led belonged to a different ethnic group than the Chinese didSpoke different languageWorshipped different GodsWore different clothingHad different CustomsChinese resented being ruled by the foreignersRude and Uncivilized
9 Life in Yuan ChinaKublai Khan didn’t force the Chinese to accept Mongol way of lifeMongols even adopted some aspects of Chinese culture such as ConfucianismMongols kept control of the Chinese peopleHeavy TaxesKept Chinese scholars from gaining to much powerYuan extended the grand canal built new roads
10 Life in Yuan ChinaMongol soldiers were sent to keep peace throughout ChinaThe soldiers kept overland traders and merchants safeMongol emperors also welcomed foreign traders in Chinese portsA lot of what we know from Mongol and China history came from the trader Marco PoloHe was respected by the MongolsHe was even in Kublai Khan’s courtWhen Marco Polo went back to Europe, he wrote his stories down and the Europeans gained interest in China
11 The End of the Yuan Dynasty Despite having all of China, the Mongols weren’t satisfied.Mongols decided to invade JapanSea Ride to JapanThe campaigns were disastrousViolent StormsFierce defenders destroyed the Mongol armyBack at HomeThe expensive projects hurt the economy back in ChinaIt led to a rebellion
12 The End of the Yuan Dynasty In the 1300’s, many Chinese groups rebelled against the Yuan dynasty.In 1368 a former monk name Zhu Yuanzhang took charge of a rebel army. He led this army to a final victory over the MongolsChina was once again ruled by the Chinese