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Electrician’s Tools Of The Trade Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
2 Learning Objectives Identify the basic hand tools used in the electrical trades. Select the essential tools for each specific job. Maintain and use these tools safely. List factors to consider when purchasing hand tools.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.3 The Electrician’s Tool Pouch The Electrician’s tool pouch is essential in that it helps kept electrical tools organized. The tool pouch allows the right tools at hand which makes the job more efficient. The electrician must have proper tools for the job. Tools must be maintain and kept in good working condition. Certain tools are essential, and without them the electrician should not attempt to do any type of wiring. Listed are the basic hand tools that are essential to electrical wiring.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.4 Electrical Specific Hand Cutting Tools Diagonal pliers (dykes) Cutting small conductors Cutting conductors in limited spaces Lineman’s pliers (side cutters) Cutting large conductors Forming loops on large conductors Pulling and holding large conductors Wire strippers Stripping insulation from conductors Cutting small conductors Crimping wire lugs Needle-nose pliers Forming loops on small conductors Cutting and stripping small conductors
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.5 Electrical Specific Hand Tools Tap tool Equipping drill holes with bolt threads Retapping damaged threads Determining bolt size Center punch Making center tap in wood or metal for drilling Flat-blade screwdriver Installing and removing slot-head screws Phillips screwdriver Installing and removing phillips-head screws
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.6 Electrical Specific Hand Tools Slip-joint pliers Holding couplings and conductors Tightening couplings and conductors Magnetic torpedo level Leveling conduit and equipment Keyhole saw Cutting holes in plasterboard for circuit boxes Conduit reamer Reaming burrs from cut conduits and EMT
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.7 Electrical Specific Hand Tools Hacksaw Cutting large conductors and cables Cutting conduit, metal, or bolts Steel measuring tape Measuring conduit and cable Adjustable wrenches Used for turning bolts, nuts, and small pipe fittings Nut driver Installing and removing nuts and bolts Tightening and loosening nuts and long bolts
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.8 Electrician's Essential Tools Electrician’s hammer Diving and pulling nails Opening wooden crates and breaking plasterboard Circuit tester Checking circuits for power Checking fuses and breakers Electrician’s knife Opening paper cartons Stripping cables and large conductors Hex key set (Allen wrenches) Installing and removing Allen screws
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.9 Tools Used for Specialty Work Steel fish tape and reel Pulling conductors through conduit Pulling cables through insulated walls Conduit bender Bending conduit for conductor installation Rotating speed screwdrivers Used for trim work, installing switch and receptacles Sheet metal Cutters Used for cutting and trimming sheet metal
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.10 Rules for care of hand tools There are many more hand and power tools that electricians will use in residential and commercial wiring. All tools should be used only for the purpose intended. It is the electrician’s responsibility to keep his or her tools sharp, clean, and lubricated. A well maintained tool has a longer life and is safer than an improperly maintained tool. Repair tools when possible, but discard worn or damaged tools.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.11 Factors For Purchasing Tools Factors to consider when purchasing tools are size, design, and quality. Always purchase the correct sized tools for the work to be done. Tools should be designed specifically for electrical work. Ex: Insulated handles, hammers with straight claws. The purchase of quality tools last longer which saves replacement cost.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.12 Remember Select the right tool for the job. Keep tools clean, lubricated, and in good working condition. Purchase good quality tools they are safer and will last longer. Repair tools when possible, but discard worn or damaged tools.
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