There are two kinds of relative clauses: Defining Relative Clauses Non-Defining Relative Clauses
Defining Relative Clauses They give detailed information, defining a general term or expression. They are not put in commas. commas They are often used in definitions. Do you know the girl who is talking to Tom? Do you know the girl who is talking to Tom? (It is exactly that girl, not any girl). (It is exactly that girl, not any girl).
NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES They are used to give extra information about the person o thing in the main clause. We put commas before and after the clause. This construction is fairly formal and more common in written than in spoken English. Jim, who/whom we met yesterday, is very nice. Jim, who/whom we met yesterday, is very nice. ( extra information about Jim ) ( extra information about Jim )
DON´T FORGET that… A relative clause starts with a relative pronoun. Relative pronouns do not vary for singular or plural, masculine or feminine.
Subject pronoun or object pronoun? If the relative pronoun is followed by a verb, the relative pronoun is a subject pronoun. Subject pronouns must always be used. The book WHICH is on the table S. V. If the relative pronoun is followed by a noun or pronoun, the relative pronoun is an object pronoun and it can be dropped in defining relative clauses, which are then called Contact Clauses. The book (WHICH) you bought yesterday O. pronoun
A relative adverb can be used instead of a relative pronoun plus preposition. This often makes the sentence easier to understand. This is the shop in which I bought my bike. → This is the shop where I bought my bike. RELATIVE ADVERBS
EXERCISES EXERCISE ON RELATIVE PRONOUNSEXERCISE ON RELATIVE PRONOUNS SUBJECT PRONOUN OR OBJECT PRONOUNSUBJECT PRONOUN OR OBJECT PRONOUN RELATIVE PRONOUNS, NECESSARY OR NOT?RELATIVE PRONOUNS, NECESSARY OR NOT? RELATIVE ADVERBSRELATIVE ADVERBS DEFINING OR NON-DEFINING?DEFINING OR NON-DEFINING? NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSESNON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES TEST 1 TEST 2 TEST 3 TEST 4TEST 1TEST 2TEST 3 TEST 4