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© Rafael Moreno Esteban Relative nouns and Relative clauses EOI El Puerto 2º CAL Inglés
© Rafael Moreno Esteban Relative pronoun UseExample Who subject or object pronoun for people I told you about the woman who lives next door. Which subject or object pronoun for animals and things Do you see the cat which is lying on the roof? Which referring to a whole sentence He couldn’t read which surprised me. Whose possession for people animals and things Do you know the boy whose mother is a nurse? Whom object pronoun for people, especially in non-defining relative clauses (in defining relative clauses we colloquially prefer who) I was invited by the professor whom I met at the conference. That subject or object pronoun for people, animals and things in defining relative clauses (who or which are also possible) I don’t like the table that stands in the kitchen.
© Rafael Moreno Esteban Relative Adverbs A relative adverb can be used instead of a relative pronoun plus preposition. This often makes the sentence easier to understand. This is the shop in which I bought my bike. → This is the shop where I bought my bike. This is the shop in which I bought my bike. → This is the shop where I bought my bike. Relative adverb MeaningUseExample When in/on which refers to a time expression the day when we met him Where in/at which refers to a place the place where we met him why for which refers to a person the reason why we met him
© Rafael Moreno Esteban Defining relative clauses UseExamplesNotes/Problems To give essential information about a person, placer, or thing. She’s the woman who works with me. It’s a book which tells you how to relax. That’s the flat where Alice lives. That’s the girls whose father is a film director. You can use that instead of who or which, especially when speaking, e.g. She’s the woman that works with me. who/which are often omitted when the verb after the relative pronoun has a different subject She’s the girl (who) I met last night. The subject of met is I. whose and where can never be omitted
© Rafael Moreno Esteban Non-Defining relative clauses UseExamplesNotes/Problems To give extra information about a person, place or thing. Use who, which, where, and whose. Chester, where my parents live, is a beautiful town. Last week I saw my aunt, who’s nearly 80 years old. This picture, which was painted in 1923, is worth millions of pounds. Always put commas (or a comma and a full stop) before and after the clause. In these clauses who, which, where, and whose can’t be omitted. ! You can’t use that instead of who/which.
© Rafael Moreno Esteban How to Shorten Relative Clauses? Relative clauses with who, which, that as subject pronoun can be replaced with a participle. This makes the sentence shorter and easier to understand. participle I told you about the woman who lives next door. – I told you about the woman living next door. Do you see the cat which is lying on the roof? – Do you see the cat lying on the roof?
© Rafael Moreno Esteban Exercises on Pronouns and Relative Adverbs Exercise on Relative Pronouns Exercise on Relative Pronouns Exercise on Relative Pronouns Subject Pronouns or Object Pronouns? Subject Pronouns or Object Pronouns? Subject Pronouns or Object Pronouns? Relative Pronouns – Necessary or not? Relative Pronouns – Necessary or not? Relative Pronouns – Necessary or not? Relative Pronouns – Necessary or not? Relative Pronouns – Necessary or not? Relative Pronouns – Necessary or not? Relative Adverbs Relative Adverbs Relative Adverbs
Relative clause Unit 18.
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Relative pronouns relative pronoun use example who
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Unit 13: Relative Pronouns
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RELATIVE CLAUSES 1st batxiller / Col.legi Sant Pere.
Adjective Clauses who whom which that whose when where
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UNIT 5 : GRAMMAR RELATIVE PRONOUNS
RELATIVE CLAUSES. Relative clauses describe and provide information about something or someone that we have usually already specified. –I like working.
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