Presentation on theme: "September 15, 2014 Objective: Students will be able to describe the characteristics of the Renaissance and identify and analyze why it began in Italy."— Presentation transcript:
September 15, 2014 Objective: Students will be able to describe the characteristics of the Renaissance and identify and analyze why it began in Italy. Do Now: What were the characteristics of the Renaissance? Agenda: Introduction to the Renaissance Renaissance PowerPoint Group Work Homework: Finish Classwork
Renaissance “Means rebirth Refers to explosion of art and intellectual creativity 1300-1600-peak around 1500 Time of great change-politically, socially, economically, and societal. Shifts from agricultural to urban society
Shift to Renaissance… Rebirth after the medieval world Renewed interest in classical learning of Greece and Rome Continued use of Latin Shift from religious beliefs to “human experience” and the “here and now” Renaissance-sparked interest in the unknown-led to many explorers.
Renaissance Man Renaissance Men-were well rounded- talented in numerous areas. Renaissance Women-were expected to inspire art yet not create it
Expressing Humanism Renaissance fueled an intellectual movement-humanism. Studied classical culture of Greece and Rome to understand the world then. Shifted from religion to world affairs. Emphasized the humanities-grammar, rhetoric, poetry, history etc. Petrarch-assembled a library of Greek and Roman manuscripts in monasteries and churches.
Italy as Birthplace of the Renaissance...Why? Survival of Roman artistic and architectural heritage Use of Latin kept memories of classical civilization alive Islamic and Byzantine influences Trade led to wealth-created an affluent middle/upper class with the leisure for education and a sense of political responsibility Competition amongst city-states
Artists Renaissance painters, sculptors, and architects drew inspiration from the classical Greek and Roman artists rather than their medieval predecessors Artists used the technique of linear perspective to represent the three dimensions of real life on flat, two dimensional surfaces
Difference in Painting Medieval Renaissance (The Virgin and Child with Saint Anne by da Vinci, 1510)
Difference in Painting Renaissance (Pope Julius II by Raphael) Medieval
Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520) St. George Fighting the Dragon, 1505 Raphael is famous for his warm, pious, and graceful Madonnas such as The Small Cowper Madonna, c. 1505
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) A great artist, but more than any other person of his age, personified the idea of the “Renaissance man” –Someone of broad interests who is accomplished in both the arts and sciences Mona Lisa uses light and shadow and perspective to make the figures fully human, enigmatic, and mysterious
The Last Supper captures the emotions of each of Jesus’ disciples at the exact moment of their learning one will betray Him
Leonardo da Vinci da Vinci’s study of the proportions of the human body da Vinci’s plans for a helicopter
Sculptors Sculptors depicted their subjects in natural poses Reflected working of human muscles Strays from awkward and rigid poses
Michelangelo Buonarotti (1475- 1564) Michelangelo’s David and Moses show dramatic and emotional postures and expressions
Sistine Chapel Michelangelo’s frescos covering the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican are perhaps the single greatest achievement in Renaissance art
Donatello Donatello’s David was the first nude statue of the Renaissance and is known for its grace, proportionality, and balance
Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446) Architecture in Renaissance: Simple and elegant classical style Perfected domes- open and airy Brunelleschi is famous for his dome atop the cathedral in Florence
Humanism Focused on: Learning Here and Now Worldly Affairs
Famous Renaissance Authors Geoffrey Chaucer (1340-1400) –Canterbury Tales Thomas More (1478-1535) –Utopia Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616) –Don Quixote William Shakespeare (1564-1616) –Known for his use of language and analysis of character which reflected a deep understanding of the good and evil in man
Movable Type Johannes Gutenberg’s use of movable type to print books accelerated the spread of classical learning Allowed for the mass production of texts that spread the cultural heritage of the classical world throughout Europe
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