Presentation on theme: "Medieval 1. No expressions on faces 2. Stiff and unrealistic poses Renaissance 1. Faces are filled with emotion and expression 2. Human poses are lifelike."— Presentation transcript:
Medieval 1. No expressions on faces 2. Stiff and unrealistic poses Renaissance 1. Faces are filled with emotion and expression 2. Human poses are lifelike and realistic
Medieval 3. European art was the property of the Church – often religious themes, individuals were not important—paintings not signed 3. Tempura paints were used – dried too quickly to correct mistakes Renaissance 3. A rtists take credit for their work and become famous; also portraits are done of people 4. O il paints were used – lets artists work slowly, create new colors, and obtain more lifelike effects
Medieval 5. The Church forbids displaying the naked human body 6. There is no balance, proportion, or perspective – pictures are “flat” and two dimensional because the most important spiritual figures in the painting are larger than the less important ones. Renaissance 5. L ike the Greeks and Romans, artists study anatomy to portray humans realistically 6. A rtists create proportion with the illusion of depth and distance on the flat surface— called linear perspective. They also use new shading devices called sfumato and chiarascuro; they use geometry to achieve balance.
Medieval 7. Halos and gold backgrounds symbolized residents of heaven and the holy atmosphere of heaven Renaissance 7. Portrayed naturalistic landscapes of this world and saints lived in the same world as ordinary people
1. Realism & Expression Expulsion from the Garden Masaccio 1427 First nudes since classical times. SAINT DEMETRIUS OF SALONICA. High Middle Ages End of 14th century Before
The first known painting to apply Brunelleschi’s system of linear perspective. Church of Santa Maria Novella, Florence Before
2. Perspective Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! First use of linear perspective! Perspective! Perspective! The Trinity Masaccio 1427 What you are, I once was; what I am, you will become.
Progression of the Use of Perspective 1280’s 1480’s1380’s
Perspective!Perspective! Betrothal of the Virgin Raphael1504
3. Classicism and Realism Greco-Roman influence. Secularism. Humanism. Individualism free standing figures. Symmetry/Balance The “Classical Pose” Medici “Venus” (1c)
Birth of Venus – Botticelli, 1485 An attempt to depict perfect beauty.
Examples of Humanism and Realism in Renaissance Art Botticelli's Birth of Venus Rembrandt’s The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp
Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel Da Vinci’s Vitruvian Man Examples of Humanism and Realism in Renaissance Art
4. Emphasis on Individualism Batista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: The Duke & Dutchess of Urbino Piero della Francesca, 1465-1466.
Vitruvian Man Leonardo da Vinci 1492 The L’uomo universale
5. Geometrical Arrangement of Figures The Dreyfus Madonna with the Pomegranate Leonardo da Vinci 1469 The figure as architecture!
Famous works by Italian Renaissance Artists Michelangelo Leonardo Raphael Donatello
The Renaissance “Man” Broad knowledge about many things in different fields. Deep knowledge/skill in one area. Able to link information from different areas/disciplines and create new knowledge. The Greek ideal of the “well-rounded man” was at the heart of Renaissance education. Artist Sculptor Architect Scientist Engineer Inventor 1452 - 1519
Leonardo da Vinci, The Virgin of the Rocks Leonardo da Vinci 1483-1486
Leonardo, the Artist: From his Notebook of over 5000 pages (1508-1519)
Leonardo Da Vinci Why is Mona Lisa so famous? Mona Lisa (La Giocande) Oil on wood panel Fun Fact! Notice her lack of eyebrows! Women during this period would shave them off! It was considered fashionable to do so!
The School of Athens – Raphael, 1510 -11 One point perspective. All of the important Greek philosophers and thinkers are included all of the great personalities of the Seven Liberal Arts! A great variety of poses. Located in the papal apartments library. Raphael worked on this commission simultaneously as Michelangelo was doing the Sistine Chapel. No Christian themes here.
The School of Athens – Raphael, 1510 -11 Raphael Da Vinci Michelangelo
Aristotle: looks to this earth [the here and now]. Plato: looks to the heavens [or the IDEAL realm]. The School of Athens – Raphael, details