2 The Purpose of the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) Reduce illness and injuries related to hazardous chemical exposuresEvaluate hazardous chemical usage and storage at our facilitiesCommunicate information to employees, emergency responders, and contractors about the hazardous chemicals used at, or brought into, our facilitiesReduce quantities of hazardous waste disposal fees due to unused products left at or past their prime use condition
3 WORKPLACE CHEMICALS Put Everyone At Risk Employees are exposed to hazardous chemicals everyday!NIOSH research indicates that up to 50% of asthma patients have exacerbated pre-existing asthma through exposure to workplace chemicals.Acute ExposureChronic ExposureDo you know the difference between acute and chronic exposuresAcute is a short term exposure but may be up to 14 daysChronic is a long term exposure that is over 1 year
4 Common Chemical Exposures What chemicals require an MSDS?OSHA states in 29 CFR (g)(8) of the HazCom standard that “the employer shall maintain in the workplace copies of the required safety data sheets for each hazardous chemical, and shall ensure that they are readily accessible during each work shift to employees when they are in their work area(s). ”A hazardous chemical is defined as “any chemical which is classified as a physical hazard or a health hazard, a simple asphyxiant, combustible dust, pyrophoric gas, or hazard not otherwise classified.”It is a manufacturer’s responsibility to provide you with an MSDS for hazardous chemicals – it is your responsibility to make sure you have an MSDS for each of those.
5 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Developed by Chemical manufacturers and importersDistributors transfer to customersIncludes information regarding hazards associated with the productEmployers maintain a copy onsiteElectronic or hard copies of MSDS must be reasonably availableMSDS records must be maintained for 30 years after the product has been used.Does OSHA Require Hard Copy MSDS?In a word: No.There are general guidelines for safety that must be followed, like helping your employees understand all the hazards they may encounter in the workplace. Part of that understanding is providing them with MSDS.In order to have an effective MSDS system, employees need to have ready access to that information, and OSHA suggests that is possible with an electronic system, a facsimile system, or a hard copy system – it doesn’t matter which!Two important points on access:Employees must be trained on how to access MSDSThere must be no barriers to access (i.e. MSDS locked in an office, requiring the employee to ask a supervisor for the key)Additionally, that access must be reliable. If you’ve chosen an electronic system, some form of backup must be available in case of a power outage. One possible form of backup is a hard copy, but it is not a requirement.As it states in this slide, MSDS records must be maintained for 30 years after the product has been used. It is very important that MSDSs are never deleted from our MSDS inventory. Once the product is no longer used, we archive the MSDS on our electronic MSDS management system, MSDSonline.
6 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Required by law except for:FoodDrugsCosmeticsTobacco or tobacco productsWood or wood productsTreated wood or wood intended for subsequent cutting/dust generation is not exemptBiological hazardsNuisance particulatesIonizing and non-ionizing radiationOver the shelf products in quantities a consumer would have – AKA one or two bottlesHazardous waste covered by RCRAHazardous substances covered by CERCLA (removed/remediated substances)
7 MSDS Must include some basic information Name, address and phone number of the manufacturerIdentity used on the labelChemical and common namePhysical and chemical characteristicsPhysical hazardsPrimary route of entryPEL/TLVIf it is a carcinogenSafe handling proceduresControl measuresEmergency & first aid informationDate of preparation
8 Name, address and phone number of manufacturer Identity use on the labelDate of preparationPhysical HazardsPrimary route of entryCarcinogen informationChemical names of ingredientsEmergency and First Aid
9 Control measuresSafe handling precautionsPEL/TLV
10 More control procedures Physical/chemical characteristicsEnvironmental
13 What does it all mean? Don’t swallow it Don’t spray it in your eyes It is flammableDon’t store it by the furnaceDon’t spray it into the flamesDon’t let it touch the battery terminalsAn ABC extinguisher is fine to extinguish a fireLeaking cansPut them in a bucket until pressure is dispersedClean up any spills with pig padsStore in flammable cabinetIn vehicles care should be taken to not store in direct sun and avoid temps over 120oDon’t swallow itIf you do, don’t vomitDon’t spray it in your eyesIf you do flush with waterBest to look at the direction of the arrow on top of spray buttonDon’t use in confined spaces without proper ventilationAvoid skin contactIf you do, wash with soap and water
14 Caution Consider how the manufacturer intended the product to be used Fertilizer used in small quantities is not harmful to plantsConsider the quantity of the product being usedOne can of WD-40 verses a facility where they are manufacturing the cans of WD-40Consider the controls in place when using the productNatural gas is a hazard when not controlled by design. We cook our food and heat our homes safely when natural gas is controlled.
15 Implementing Hazard Communication Programs Chemical inventoryHazard evaluationCommunication of hazards to employees and contractorsLabeling of containers including piping systemsTraining
16 Chemical Groups Solvents, Strippers, and Degreasers Paints, Coatings, and ResinsAdhesives, Sealants, and CementPesticides, Insecticides and HerbicidesFuels and Fuel AdditivesLubricants, Hydraulic and Cutting FluidsCleaners and DetergentsCompressed GasInsulating Materials, Abrasives and PackingCorrosivesCoolantsMetals and Fluxes for Welding and MeltingOther Chemicals and Specialty ChemicalsWater Treatment ChemicalsA chemical inventory can easily be identified using the MSDSonline system. When an item is purchased a MSDS can be entered into the MSDSonline system based on facility. Then the chemical list is available for review. Most items we have will be in one of these chemical groups.
17 Hazard EvaluationBy reading the MSDS a hazard evaluation can take place based on the chemicals in the product and how it is usedUse the MSDSonline system to identify hazard warning labels on secondary containersMonitoring can also be used to evaluate exposure risks
18 Labeling Identification of chemical Warning labels Name and address of manufacturer/distributorLegibleIn EnglishProminently displayedSecondary containers
19 Secondary Containers Must be labeled unless Examples: Immediately used by person making transferUnder the control of the person making the transferExamples:Transfer paint from a five gallon container to a quart sized container for quick paint touch up activitiesQuart must be labeled unless product is used up at the end of the workday or when not under the control of the employee who transferred itTransfer five gallons of oil from a 55 gallon barrelFive gallon container must be labeled
20 Training Understand hazards of chemicals you are exposed to Understand the MSDSUnderstand your responsibilities to communicate hazards to othersUnderstand your responsibilities to label containers and piping systemsUnderstand what is required on a labelUnderstand the company’s electronic MSDS system
22 Globally Harmonized System (GHS) What is the GHS?GHS is a world-wide standardized approach to hazard communicationsupported by the United Nations and regulatory agencies around the globe, including OSHA.GHS can be summarized into three main components:Standardized hazardous chemical classificationsStandardized hazard warnings and symbols on container labelsStandardized MSDS format and content (SDS)MSDSs will be termed SDSs in the GHS.
23 GHS Phase-in Period What is the phase-in period? December 1, 2013: Employers required to train employees on the new label elements and safety data sheet (SDS) format.June 1, 2015: Chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors and employers required to be in compliance with all modified provisions of this final rule, except:December 1, 2015: The Distributor shall not ship containers labeled by the chemical manufacturer or importer unless it is a GHS label
24 GHS Phase-in Period cont’d June 1, 2016: Employers required to update alternative workplace labeling and hazard communication program as necessary, and provide additional employee training for newly identified physical or health hazards.During the phase-in period, employers are required to be in compliance with either the existing Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) or the revised HCS, or both.OSHA recognizes there will be a period of time where labels and SDSs under both standards will be present in the workplace.This will be considered acceptable, and employers are not required to maintain two sets of labels and SDSs for compliance purposes.
25 GHS: Three major areas of change Hazard classification: The current HCS is a performance- oriented approach that provides parameters for the evaluation, but not specific, detailed criteria. The revised HCS has specific criteria for each health and physical hazard, along with detailed instructions for hazard evaluation and determinations as to whether mixtures or substances are covered.Labels: Chemical manufacturers and importers will be required to provide a label that includes a harmonized signal word, pictogram, and hazard statement for each hazard class and category. Precautionary statements must also be provided.Safety Data Sheets: Will now have a specified 16-section format.It also establishes both hazard classes and hazard categories—for most of the effects; the classes are divided into categories that reflect the relative severity of the effect. The current HCS does not include categories for most of the health hazards covered, so this new approach provides additional information that can be related to the appropriate response to address the hazard. OSHA has included the general provisions for hazard classification in paragraph (d) of the revised rule, and added extensive appendixes (Appendixes A and B) that address the criteria for each health or physical effect.
26 GHS: Hazard Classification Three main hazard classifications:Physical HazardsHealth HazardsEnvironmental Hazards
27 GHS: Hazard Classification Physical Hazards:ExplosivesFlammable GasesFlammable AerosolsOxidizing GasesGases Under PressureFlammable LiquidsFlammable SolidsSelf-Reactive SubstancesPyrophoric LiquidsPyrophoric SolidsSelf-Heating SubstancesSubstances which, in contact with water emit flammable gasesOxidizing LiquidsOxidizing SolidsOrganic PeroxidesCorrosive to Metals
28 GHS: Hazard Classification Health HazardsAcute ToxicitySkin Corrosion/IrritationSerious Eye Damage/Eye IrritationRespiratory or Skin SensitizationGerm Cell MutagenicityCarcinogenicityReproductive ToxicologyTarget Organ Systemic Toxicity - Single ExposureTarget Organ Systemic Toxicity - Repeated ExposureAspiration Toxicity
29 GHS: Hazard Classification Environmental HazardsHazardous to the Aquatic EnvironmentAcute aquatic toxicityChronic aquatic toxicityBioaccumulation potentialRapid degradabilityEnvironmental hazards are not within OSHA's jurisdiction
30 GHS: Labels How will labels change? Pictogram: a symbol plus other graphic elements, such as a border, background pattern, or color that is intended to convey specific information about the hazards of a chemical. Each pictogram consists of a different symbol on a white background within a red square frame set on a point (i.e. a red diamond). There are nine pictograms under the GHS. However, only eight pictograms are required under the HCS.Signal words: a single word used to indicate the relative level of severity of hazard and alert the reader to a potential hazard on the label. The signal words used are "danger" and "warning." "Danger" is used for the more severe hazards, while "warning" is used for less severe hazards.Hazard Statement: a statement assigned to a hazard class and category that describes the nature of the hazard(s) of a chemical, including, where appropriate, the degree of hazard. Example: Fatal if swallowedPrecautionary Statement: a phrase that describes recommended measures to be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous chemical, or improper storage or handling of a hazardous chemical. Addresses prevention, response, storage, disposal.Under the current Hazard Communication Standard (HCS), the label preparer must provide the identity of the chemical, and the appropriate hazard warnings. This may be done in a variety of ways, and the method to convey the information is left to the preparer.Under the revised HCS, once the hazard classification is completed, the standard specifies what information is to be provided for each hazard class and category.
31 Precautionary Statement Examples PreventionWash hands thoroughly after handlingResponseIf swallowed: Immediately call a poison center/doctorStorageStore in well-ventilated place. Keep cool.Store locked upDisposalDispose of content/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations
32 Environment (Non Mandatory) GHS: Label PictogramsHealth HazardFlameExclamation MarkCarcinogenMutagenicityReproductive ToxicityRespiratory SensitizerTarget Organ ToxicityAspiration ToxicityFlammablesPyrophoricsSelf-HeatingEmits Flammable GasSelf-ReactivesOrganic PeroxidesIrritant (skin and eye)Skin SensitizerAcute Toxicity (harmful)Narcotic EffectsRespiratory Tract IrritantHazardous to Ozone Layer (Non Mandatory)Gas CylinderCorrosionExploding BombGases under PressureSkin Corrosion/burnsEye DamageCorrosive to MetalsExplosivesFlame over CircleEnvironment (Non Mandatory)Skull and CrossbonesOxidizersAquatic ToxicityAcute Toxicity(fatal or toxic)There are nine pictograms under the GHS to convey the health, physical and environmental hazards. The final Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) requires eight of these pictograms, the exception being the environmental pictogram, as environmental hazards are not within OSHA's jurisdiction. The hazard pictograms and their corresponding hazards are shown in this table.
34 GHS: LabelsQ. Can I use a black border on pictograms for domestic shipment?A. Under the revised Hazard Communication Standard (HCS), pictograms must have red borders.OSHA believes that the use of the red frame will increase recognition and comprehensibility. Therefore, the red frame is required regardless of whether the shipment is domestic or international.
35 GHS: Labels Q. Will OSHA allow blank red borders? A. The revised HCS requires that all red borders printed on the label have a symbol printed inside it.If OSHA were to allow blank red borders, workers may be confused about what they mean and concerned that some information is missing.OSHA has determined that prohibiting the use of blank red borders on labels is necessary to provide the maximum recognition and impact of warning labels and to ensure that users do not get desensitized to the warnings placed on labels.
36 GHS: Labels Q. When must label information be updated? A. In the revised HCS, OSHA is lifting the stay on enforcement regarding the provision to update labels when new information on hazards becomes available.Chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors, or employers who become newly aware of any significant information regarding the hazards of a chemical shall revise the labels for the chemical within six months of becoming aware of the new information, and shall ensure that labels on containers of hazardous chemicals shipped after that time contain the new information.If the chemical is not currently produced or imported, the chemical manufacturer, importer, distributor, or employer shall add the information to the label before the chemical is shipped or introduced into the workplace again.WBI does have an MSDS that we created – Natural Gas
37 GHS: LabelsQ. How will workplace labeling provisions be changing under the revised Hazard Communication Standard?A. The current standard provides employers with flexibility regarding the type of system to be used in their workplaces and OSHA has retained that flexibility in the revised HCS.Employers may choose to label workplace containers either with the same label that would be on shipped containers for the chemical under the revised rule, or with label alternatives that meet the requirements for the standard.Alternative labeling systems such as the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 704 Hazard Rating and the Hazardous Material Information System (HMIS) are permitted for workplace containers.However, the information supplied on these labels must be consistent with the revised HCS, e.g., no conflicting hazard warnings or pictograms.
38 GHS: Safety Data Sheet (SDS) The format of the 16-section SDS should include the following sections:Section 1. IdentificationSection 2. Hazard(s) identificationSection 3. Composition/information on ingredientsSection 4. First-Aid measuresSection 5. Fire-fighting measuresSection 6. Accidental release measuresSection 7. Handling and storageSection 8. Exposure controls/personal protectionSection 9. Physical and chemical propertiesSection 10. Stability and reactivitySection 11. Toxicological informationSection 12. Ecological informationSection 13. Disposal considerationsSection 14. Transport informationSection 15. Regulatory informationSection 16. Other information, including date of preparation or last revisionThe information required on the safety data sheet (SDS) will remain essentially the same as that in the current standard (HazCom 1994). HazCom 1994 indicates what information has to be included on an SDS, but does not specify a format for presentation or order of information. The revised Hazard Communication Standard (HazCom 2012) requires that the information on the SDS be presented using specific headings in a specified sequence.The SDS must also contain Sections 12-15, to be consistent with the United Nations' Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). Although the headings for Sections are mandatory, OSHA will not enforce the content of these four sections because these sections are within other agencies' jurisdictions.
40 Hazard Communication Quiz Question 1How can you access a MSDS for a product?A. Notebook on ShelfB. InternetC. Safety SpecialistD. All of the above
41 Hazard Communication Quiz Question 2Why should containers be labeled?A. It is a regulatory requirementB. They look niceC. Everyone will know what it containsD. A and C
42 Hazard Communication Quiz Question 3What is the most common chemical that you are potentially exposed to on the job?A. OilB. Welding fumeC. MethaneD. Solvent
43 Hazard Communication Quiz Question 4True or FalseA label must be legible.The manufacturer’s name and address must be on the secondary container label.Piping systems are exempt from the Hazard Communication Standard.
44 Hazard Communication Quiz Question 5True or FalseThe GHS is a world-wide standardized approach to hazard communication.The GHS stands for Globally Harmed Situation.The GHS will standardize hazardous chemical classifications.The GHS will standardize hazard warnings and symbols on container labels.The MSDS format and content will not change.
45 Hazard Communication Quiz Question 6During the GHS phase-in period, what is required to be completed by:December 1, 2013June 1, 2015December 1, 2015June 2, 2016December 1, 2013: Employers required to train employees on the new label elements and safety data sheet (SDS) format.June 1, 2015: Chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors and employers required to be in compliance with all modified provisions of this final rule, except:December 1, 2015: The Distributor shall not ship containers labeled by the chemical manufacturer or importer unless it is a GHS labelJune 1, 2016: Employers required to update alternative workplace labeling and hazard communication program as necessary, and provide additional employee training for newly identified physical or health hazards.
46 Hazard Communication Quiz Question 7Can I use a black border on pictograms for domestic shipment?Question 8Will OSHA allow blank red borders?Question 9How many sections are required for the SDS?
47 Hazard Communication Quiz Match the Pictogram to the appropriate title1. _____a. Irritant2. _____b. Flammable3. _____c. Compressed Gases4. _____d. Corrosive5. _____e. Health Hazard6. _____f. Acute Toxicity7. _____g. Environmental Hazards8. _____h. Oxidizer9. _____i. Explosives(d) Corrosive(g) Environmental Hazards(a) Irritant(i) Explosives(b) Flammable(c) Compressed gases(e) Health Hazard(f) Acute ToxicityOxidizerBreak – MSDSonline next