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Brodie Loushin PayneWest

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1 Brodie Loushin PayneWest
Hazard Communication Brodie Loushin PayneWest

2 The Purpose of the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS)
Reduce illness and injuries related to hazardous chemical exposures Evaluate hazardous chemical usage and storage at our facilities Communicate information to employees, emergency responders, and contractors about the hazardous chemicals used at, or brought into, our facilities Reduce quantities of hazardous waste disposal fees due to unused products left at or past their prime use condition

Employees are exposed to hazardous chemicals everyday! NIOSH research indicates that up to 50% of asthma patients have exacerbated pre-existing asthma through exposure to workplace chemicals. Acute Exposure Chronic Exposure Do you know the difference between acute and chronic exposures Acute is a short term exposure but may be up to 14 days Chronic is a long term exposure that is over 1 year

4 Common Chemical Exposures
What chemicals require an MSDS? OSHA states in 29 CFR (g)(8) of the HazCom standard that “the employer shall maintain in the workplace copies of the required safety data sheets for each hazardous chemical, and shall ensure that they are readily accessible during each work shift to employees when they are in their work area(s). ” A hazardous chemical is defined as “any chemical which is classified as a physical hazard or a health hazard, a simple asphyxiant, combustible dust, pyrophoric gas, or hazard not otherwise classified.” It is a manufacturer’s responsibility to provide you with an MSDS for hazardous chemicals – it is your responsibility to make sure you have an MSDS for each of those.

5 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Developed by Chemical manufacturers and importers Distributors transfer to customers Includes information regarding hazards associated with the product Employers maintain a copy onsite Electronic or hard copies of MSDS must be reasonably available MSDS records must be maintained for 30 years after the product has been used. Does OSHA Require Hard Copy MSDS? In a word: No. There are general guidelines for safety that must be followed, like helping your employees understand all the hazards they may encounter in the workplace. Part of that understanding is providing them with MSDS. In order to have an effective MSDS system, employees need to have ready access to that information, and OSHA suggests that is possible with an electronic system, a facsimile system, or a hard copy system – it doesn’t matter which! Two important points on access: Employees must be trained on how to access MSDS There must be no barriers to access (i.e. MSDS locked in an office, requiring the employee to ask a supervisor for the key) Additionally, that access must be reliable. If you’ve chosen an electronic system, some form of backup must be available in case of a power outage. One possible form of backup is a hard copy, but it is not a requirement. As it states in this slide, MSDS records must be maintained for 30 years after the product has been used. It is very important that MSDSs are never deleted from our MSDS inventory. Once the product is no longer used, we archive the MSDS on our electronic MSDS management system, MSDSonline.

6 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Required by law except for: Food Drugs Cosmetics Tobacco or tobacco products Wood or wood products Treated wood or wood intended for subsequent cutting/dust generation is not exempt Biological hazards Nuisance particulates Ionizing and non-ionizing radiation Over the shelf products in quantities a consumer would have – AKA one or two bottles Hazardous waste covered by RCRA Hazardous substances covered by CERCLA (removed/remediated substances)

7 MSDS Must include some basic information
Name, address and phone number of the manufacturer Identity used on the label Chemical and common name Physical and chemical characteristics Physical hazards Primary route of entry PEL/TLV If it is a carcinogen Safe handling procedures Control measures Emergency & first aid information Date of preparation

8 Name, address and phone number of manufacturer
Identity use on the label Date of preparation Physical Hazards Primary route of entry Carcinogen information Chemical names of ingredients Emergency and First Aid

9 Control measures Safe handling precautions PEL/TLV

10 More control procedures
Physical/chemical characteristics Environmental

11 4 1 Labeling

12 Beatty Gulch Tanks

13 What does it all mean? Don’t swallow it Don’t spray it in your eyes
It is flammable Don’t store it by the furnace Don’t spray it into the flames Don’t let it touch the battery terminals An ABC extinguisher is fine to extinguish a fire Leaking cans Put them in a bucket until pressure is dispersed Clean up any spills with pig pads Store in flammable cabinet In vehicles care should be taken to not store in direct sun and avoid temps over 120o Don’t swallow it If you do, don’t vomit Don’t spray it in your eyes If you do flush with water Best to look at the direction of the arrow on top of spray button Don’t use in confined spaces without proper ventilation Avoid skin contact If you do, wash with soap and water

14 Caution Consider how the manufacturer intended the product to be used
Fertilizer used in small quantities is not harmful to plants Consider the quantity of the product being used One can of WD-40 verses a facility where they are manufacturing the cans of WD-40 Consider the controls in place when using the product Natural gas is a hazard when not controlled by design. We cook our food and heat our homes safely when natural gas is controlled.

15 Implementing Hazard Communication Programs
Chemical inventory Hazard evaluation Communication of hazards to employees and contractors Labeling of containers including piping systems Training

16 Chemical Groups Solvents, Strippers, and Degreasers
Paints, Coatings, and Resins Adhesives, Sealants, and Cement Pesticides, Insecticides and Herbicides Fuels and Fuel Additives Lubricants, Hydraulic and Cutting Fluids Cleaners and Detergents Compressed Gas Insulating Materials, Abrasives and Packing Corrosives Coolants Metals and Fluxes for Welding and Melting Other Chemicals and Specialty Chemicals Water Treatment Chemicals A chemical inventory can easily be identified using the MSDSonline system. When an item is purchased a MSDS can be entered into the MSDSonline system based on facility. Then the chemical list is available for review. Most items we have will be in one of these chemical groups.

17 Hazard Evaluation By reading the MSDS a hazard evaluation can take place based on the chemicals in the product and how it is used Use the MSDSonline system to identify hazard warning labels on secondary containers Monitoring can also be used to evaluate exposure risks

18 Labeling Identification of chemical Warning labels
Name and address of manufacturer/distributor Legible In English Prominently displayed Secondary containers

19 Secondary Containers Must be labeled unless Examples:
Immediately used by person making transfer Under the control of the person making the transfer Examples: Transfer paint from a five gallon container to a quart sized container for quick paint touch up activities Quart must be labeled unless product is used up at the end of the workday or when not under the control of the employee who transferred it Transfer five gallons of oil from a 55 gallon barrel Five gallon container must be labeled

20 Training Understand hazards of chemicals you are exposed to
Understand the MSDS Understand your responsibilities to communicate hazards to others Understand your responsibilities to label containers and piping systems Understand what is required on a label Understand the company’s electronic MSDS system

21 Break GHS next

22 Globally Harmonized System (GHS)
What is the GHS? GHS is a world-wide standardized approach to hazard communication supported by the United Nations and regulatory agencies around the globe, including OSHA. GHS can be summarized into three main components: Standardized hazardous chemical classifications Standardized hazard warnings and symbols on container labels Standardized MSDS format and content (SDS) MSDSs will be termed SDSs in the GHS.

23 GHS Phase-in Period What is the phase-in period?
December 1, 2013: Employers required to train employees on the new label elements and safety data sheet (SDS) format. June 1, 2015: Chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors and employers required to be in compliance with all modified provisions of this final rule, except: December 1, 2015: The Distributor shall not ship containers labeled by the chemical manufacturer or importer unless it is a GHS label

24 GHS Phase-in Period cont’d
June 1, 2016: Employers required to update alternative workplace labeling and hazard communication program as necessary, and provide additional employee training for newly identified physical or health hazards. During the phase-in period, employers are required to be in compliance with either the existing Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) or the revised HCS, or both. OSHA recognizes there will be a period of time where labels and SDSs under both standards will be present in the workplace. This will be considered acceptable, and employers are not required to maintain two sets of labels and SDSs for compliance purposes.

25 GHS: Three major areas of change
Hazard classification: The current HCS is a performance- oriented approach that provides parameters for the evaluation, but not specific, detailed criteria. The revised HCS has specific criteria for each health and physical hazard, along with detailed instructions for hazard evaluation and determinations as to whether mixtures or substances are covered. Labels: Chemical manufacturers and importers will be required to provide a label that includes a harmonized signal word, pictogram, and hazard statement for each hazard class and category. Precautionary statements must also be provided. Safety Data Sheets: Will now have a specified 16-section format. It also establishes both hazard classes and hazard categories—for most of the effects; the classes are divided into categories that reflect the relative severity of the effect. The current HCS does not include categories for most of the health hazards covered, so this new approach provides additional information that can be related to the appropriate response to address the hazard. OSHA has included the general provisions for hazard classification in paragraph (d) of the revised rule, and added extensive appendixes (Appendixes A and B) that address the criteria for each health or physical effect.

26 GHS: Hazard Classification
Three main hazard classifications: Physical Hazards Health Hazards Environmental Hazards

27 GHS: Hazard Classification
Physical Hazards: Explosives Flammable Gases Flammable Aerosols Oxidizing Gases Gases Under Pressure Flammable Liquids Flammable Solids Self-Reactive Substances Pyrophoric Liquids Pyrophoric Solids Self-Heating Substances Substances which, in contact with water emit flammable gases Oxidizing Liquids Oxidizing Solids Organic Peroxides Corrosive to Metals

28 GHS: Hazard Classification
Health Hazards Acute Toxicity Skin Corrosion/Irritation Serious Eye Damage/Eye Irritation Respiratory or Skin Sensitization Germ Cell Mutagenicity Carcinogenicity Reproductive Toxicology Target Organ Systemic Toxicity - Single Exposure Target Organ Systemic Toxicity - Repeated Exposure Aspiration Toxicity

29 GHS: Hazard Classification
Environmental Hazards Hazardous to the Aquatic Environment Acute aquatic toxicity Chronic aquatic toxicity Bioaccumulation potential Rapid degradability Environmental hazards are not within OSHA's jurisdiction

30 GHS: Labels How will labels change?
Pictogram: a symbol plus other graphic elements, such as a border, background pattern, or color that is intended to convey specific information about the hazards of a chemical. Each pictogram consists of a different symbol on a white background within a red square frame set on a point (i.e. a red diamond). There are nine pictograms under the GHS. However, only eight pictograms are required under the HCS. Signal words: a single word used to indicate the relative level of severity of hazard and alert the reader to a potential hazard on the label. The signal words used are "danger" and "warning." "Danger" is used for the more severe hazards, while "warning" is used for less severe hazards. Hazard Statement: a statement assigned to a hazard class and category that describes the nature of the hazard(s) of a chemical, including, where appropriate, the degree of hazard. Example: Fatal if swallowed Precautionary Statement: a phrase that describes recommended measures to be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous chemical, or improper storage or handling of a hazardous chemical. Addresses prevention, response, storage, disposal. Under the current Hazard Communication Standard (HCS), the label preparer must provide the identity of the chemical, and the appropriate hazard warnings. This may be done in a variety of ways, and the method to convey the information is left to the preparer. Under the revised HCS, once the hazard classification is completed, the standard specifies what information is to be provided for each hazard class and category.

31 Precautionary Statement Examples
Prevention Wash hands thoroughly after handling Response If swallowed: Immediately call a poison center/doctor Storage Store in well-ventilated place. Keep cool. Store locked up Disposal Dispose of content/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations

32 Environment (Non Mandatory)
GHS: Label Pictograms Health Hazard Flame Exclamation Mark Carcinogen Mutagenicity Reproductive Toxicity Respiratory Sensitizer Target Organ Toxicity Aspiration Toxicity Flammables Pyrophorics Self-Heating Emits Flammable Gas Self-Reactives Organic Peroxides Irritant (skin and eye) Skin Sensitizer Acute Toxicity (harmful) Narcotic Effects Respiratory Tract Irritant Hazardous to Ozone Layer (Non Mandatory) Gas Cylinder Corrosion Exploding Bomb Gases under Pressure Skin Corrosion/burns Eye Damage Corrosive to Metals Explosives Flame over Circle Environment (Non Mandatory) Skull and Crossbones Oxidizers Aquatic Toxicity Acute Toxicity (fatal or toxic) There are nine pictograms under the GHS to convey the health, physical and environmental hazards. The final Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) requires eight of these pictograms, the exception being the environmental pictogram, as environmental hazards are not within OSHA's jurisdiction. The hazard pictograms and their corresponding hazards are shown in this table.


34 GHS: Labels Q. Can I use a black border on pictograms for domestic shipment? A. Under the revised Hazard Communication Standard (HCS), pictograms must have red borders. OSHA believes that the use of the red frame will increase recognition and comprehensibility. Therefore, the red frame is required regardless of whether the shipment is domestic or international.

35 GHS: Labels Q. Will OSHA allow blank red borders?
A. The revised HCS requires that all red borders printed on the label have a symbol printed inside it. If OSHA were to allow blank red borders, workers may be confused about what they mean and concerned that some information is missing. OSHA has determined that prohibiting the use of blank red borders on labels is necessary to provide the maximum recognition and impact of warning labels and to ensure that users do not get desensitized to the warnings placed on labels.

36 GHS: Labels Q. When must label information be updated?
A. In the revised HCS, OSHA is lifting the stay on enforcement regarding the provision to update labels when new information on hazards becomes available. Chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors, or employers who become newly aware of any significant information regarding the hazards of a chemical shall revise the labels for the chemical within six months of becoming aware of the new information, and shall ensure that labels on containers of hazardous chemicals shipped after that time contain the new information. If the chemical is not currently produced or imported, the chemical manufacturer, importer, distributor, or employer shall add the information to the label before the chemical is shipped or introduced into the workplace again. WBI does have an MSDS that we created – Natural Gas

37 GHS: Labels Q. How will workplace labeling provisions be changing under the revised Hazard Communication Standard? A. The current standard provides employers with flexibility regarding the type of system to be used in their workplaces and OSHA has retained that flexibility in the revised HCS. Employers may choose to label workplace containers either with the same label that would be on shipped containers for the chemical under the revised rule, or with label alternatives that meet the requirements for the standard. Alternative labeling systems such as the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 704 Hazard Rating and the Hazardous Material Information System (HMIS) are permitted for workplace containers. However, the information supplied on these labels must be consistent with the revised HCS, e.g., no conflicting hazard warnings or pictograms.

38 GHS: Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
The format of the 16-section SDS should include the following sections: Section 1. Identification Section 2. Hazard(s) identification Section 3. Composition/information on ingredients Section 4. First-Aid measures Section 5. Fire-fighting measures Section 6. Accidental release measures Section 7. Handling and storage Section 8. Exposure controls/personal protection Section 9. Physical and chemical properties Section 10. Stability and reactivity Section 11. Toxicological information Section 12. Ecological information Section 13. Disposal considerations Section 14. Transport information Section 15. Regulatory information Section 16. Other information, including date of preparation or last revision The information required on the safety data sheet (SDS) will remain essentially the same as that in the current standard (HazCom 1994). HazCom 1994 indicates what information has to be included on an SDS, but does not specify a format for presentation or order of information. The revised Hazard Communication Standard (HazCom 2012) requires that the information on the SDS be presented using specific headings in a specified sequence. The SDS must also contain Sections 12-15, to be consistent with the United Nations' Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). Although the headings for Sections are mandatory, OSHA will not enforce the content of these four sections because these sections are within other agencies' jurisdictions.

39 Questions?

40 Hazard Communication Quiz
Question 1 How can you access a MSDS for a product? A. Notebook on Shelf B. Internet C. Safety Specialist D. All of the above

41 Hazard Communication Quiz
Question 2 Why should containers be labeled? A. It is a regulatory requirement B. They look nice C. Everyone will know what it contains D. A and C

42 Hazard Communication Quiz
Question 3 What is the most common chemical that you are potentially exposed to on the job? A. Oil B. Welding fume C. Methane D. Solvent

43 Hazard Communication Quiz
Question 4 True or False A label must be legible. The manufacturer’s name and address must be on the secondary container label. Piping systems are exempt from the Hazard Communication Standard.

44 Hazard Communication Quiz
Question 5 True or False The GHS is a world-wide standardized approach to hazard communication. The GHS stands for Globally Harmed Situation. The GHS will standardize hazardous chemical classifications. The GHS will standardize hazard warnings and symbols on container labels. The MSDS format and content will not change.

45 Hazard Communication Quiz
Question 6 During the GHS phase-in period, what is required to be completed by: December 1, 2013 June 1, 2015 December 1, 2015 June 2, 2016 December 1, 2013: Employers required to train employees on the new label elements and safety data sheet (SDS) format. June 1, 2015: Chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors and employers required to be in compliance with all modified provisions of this final rule, except: December 1, 2015: The Distributor shall not ship containers labeled by the chemical manufacturer or importer unless it is a GHS label June 1, 2016: Employers required to update alternative workplace labeling and hazard communication program as necessary, and provide additional employee training for newly identified physical or health hazards.

46 Hazard Communication Quiz
Question 7 Can I use a black border on pictograms for domestic shipment? Question 8 Will OSHA allow blank red borders? Question 9 How many sections are required for the SDS?

47 Hazard Communication Quiz
Match the Pictogram to the appropriate title 1. _____ a. Irritant 2. _____ b. Flammable 3. _____ c. Compressed Gases 4. _____ d. Corrosive 5. _____ e. Health Hazard 6. _____ f. Acute Toxicity 7. _____ g. Environmental Hazards 8. _____ h. Oxidizer 9. _____ i. Explosives (d) Corrosive (g) Environmental Hazards (a) Irritant (i) Explosives (b) Flammable (c) Compressed gases (e) Health Hazard (f) Acute Toxicity Oxidizer Break – MSDSonline next

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