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1. Reduce illness and injuries related to hazardous chemical exposures 2. Evaluate hazardous chemical usage and storage at our facilities 3. Communicate.

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Presentation on theme: "1. Reduce illness and injuries related to hazardous chemical exposures 2. Evaluate hazardous chemical usage and storage at our facilities 3. Communicate."— Presentation transcript:


2 1. Reduce illness and injuries related to hazardous chemical exposures 2. Evaluate hazardous chemical usage and storage at our facilities 3. Communicate information to employees, emergency responders, and contractors about the hazardous chemicals used at, or brought into, our facilities 4. Reduce quantities of hazardous waste disposal fees due to unused products left at or past their prime use condition

3  Hazard Determination (Chemical Inventory)  Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)  Labels and Other Forms of Warning  Employee Training Including Appropriate Protective Measures

4 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Developed by Chemical manufacturers and importers Distributors transfer to customers Employers maintain a copy onsite Electronic or hard copies of MSDS must be reasonably available Includes information regarding hazards associated with the product

5  Required by law except for: ◦ Food ◦ Drugs ◦ Cosmetics ◦ Tobacco or tobacco products ◦ Wood or wood products  Treated wood or wood intended for subsequent cutting/dust generation is not exempt ◦ Biological hazards ◦ Nuisance particulates ◦ Ionizing and non-ionizing radiation ◦ Over the shelf products in quantities a consumer would have – AKA one or two bottles ◦ Hazardous waste covered by RCRA ◦ Hazardous substances covered by CERCLA (removed/remediated substances)

6  Must include some basic information ◦ Name, address and phone number of the manufacturer ◦ Identity used on the label ◦ Chemical and common name ◦ Physical and chemical characteristics ◦ Physical hazards ◦ Primary route of entry ◦ PEL/TLV ◦ If it is a carcinogen ◦ Safe handling procedures ◦ Control measures ◦ Emergency & first aid information ◦ Date of preparation

7 Name, address and phone number of manufacturer Identity use on the label Chemical names of ingredients Emergency and First Aid Date of preparation Carcinogen information Physical Hazards Primary route of entry

8 PEL/TLV Control measures Safe handling precautions

9 More control procedures Physical/chemical characteristics Environmental

10 1 4 0 Labeling

11 What does it all mean?  Don’t swallow it ◦ If you do, don’t vomit  Don’t spray it in your eyes ◦ If you do flush with water ◦ Best to look at the direction of the arrow on top of spray button  Don’t use in confined spaces without proper ventilation  Avoid skin contact ◦ If you do, wash with soap and water  It is flammable ◦ Don’t store it by the furnace ◦ Don’t spray it into the flames ◦ Don’t let it touch the battery terminals ◦ An ABC extinguisher is fine to extinguish a fire  Leaking cans ◦ Put them in a bucket until pressure is dispersed ◦ Clean up any spills with pig pads  Store in flammable cabinet ◦ In vehicles care should be taken to not store in direct sun and avoid temps over 120 o

12  Consider how the manufacturer intended the product to be used ◦ Fertilizer used in small quantities is not harmful to plants  Consider the quantity of the product being used ◦ One can of WD-40 verses a facility where they are manufacturing the cans of WD-40  Consider the controls in place when using the product ◦ Natural gas is a hazard when not controlled by design. We cook our food and heat our homes safely when natural gas is controlled.

13  Chemical inventory  Hazard evaluation  Communication of hazards to employees and contractors  Labeling of containers including piping systems  Training

14 Solvents, Strippers, and Degreasers Paints, Coatings, and Resins Adhesives, Sealants, and Cement Pesticides, Insecticides and Herbicides Fuels and Fuel Additives Lubricants, Hydraulic and Cutting Fluids Cleaners and Detergents Compressed Gas Insulating Materials, Abrasives and Packing Corrosives Coolants Metals and Fluxes for Welding and Melting Other Chemicals and Specialty Chemicals Water Treatment Chemicals

15  By reading the MSDS a hazard evaluation can take place based on the chemicals in the product and how it is used  Use the MaxCom system to identify hazard warning labels on secondary containers  Monitoring can also be used to evaluate exposure risks

16  Both employees and contractors must be knowledgeable  Employees need to know what contractors have and contractors need to know what employers have ◦ Ensure contractors do not leave products after the job is over without prior approval  Products which are of concern under normal use situations must be identified ◦ H 2 S exposure ◦ Corrosives  Unusual or infrequently performed tasks must consider exposure to hazards during the pre-job meeting/Safe Work Checklist review

17  Understand hazards of chemicals you are exposed to  Understand the MSDS  Understand your responsibilities to communicate hazards to others  Understand your responsibilities to label containers  Understand what is required on a label

18  Identification of chemical  Warning labels  Name and address of manufacturer/distributor  Legible  In English  Prominently displayed  Secondary containers

19  Must be labeled unless ◦ Immediately used by person making transfer ◦ Under the control of the person making the transfer  Examples: ◦ Transfer paint from a five gallon container to a quart sized container for quick paint touch up activities  Quart must be labeled unless product is used up at the end of the workday or when not under the control of the employee who transferred it ◦ Transfer five gallons of oil from a 55 gallon barrel  Five gallon container must be labeled


21 Labels should have the following information: Chemical Name or alternative or synonym name Warning Statement Caution Phrases Precautionary Statements First Aid Information

22 METHANOL (Methyl Alcohol) DANGER!  FLAMMABLE  POISON Vapor Harmful. May Be Fatal If Swallowed Keep away from heat, sparks, open flame. Keep container closed. Use only with adequate ventilation. Wash thoroughly after handling. IMMEDIATELY CALL POISON CONTROL CENTER OR 911. IF SWALLOWED. Give a tablespoon of salt in a glass of warm water and repeat until vomit fluid is clear.

23 The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) utilizes a diamond divided into four color coded sections: Blue - Health Hazard Red - Flammability Yellow - Reactivity Hazard White - Other Hazard Information

24 Within each section, a number ranks the degree of hazard: 0 - No or Minimal Hazard 1 - Slight Hazard 2 - Moderate Hazard 3 - Serious Hazard 4 - Extreme Hazard 1 2 3

25 The white section alerts the user to special hazards that a material may possess, such as: Water reactivity Strong oxidizer Corrosivity Radioactivity

26 The Hazardous Material Identification System (HMIS) is similar to the NFPA. The color and numbering codes are identical. HMIS uses a color bar system with ranking for the level of protection:


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