Presentation on theme: "Big Idea 1.HOW DOES TAKING YOUR PENCIL THAT YOU WERE GIVEN MAKE YOU FEEL? 2.DID THAT PERSON HAVE ANY RIGHT TO TAKE YOUR PENCIL? IF SO WHY? 3.SHOULD YOU."— Presentation transcript:
1.HOW DOES TAKING YOUR PENCIL THAT YOU WERE GIVEN MAKE YOU FEEL? 2.DID THAT PERSON HAVE ANY RIGHT TO TAKE YOUR PENCIL? IF SO WHY? 3.SHOULD YOU HAVE ARGUE TO GET IT BACK?
Social Studies Standard 5.3: Students describe the cooperation and conflict that existed among the American Indians and between the Indian nations and the new settlers. Paraphrase:
Social Studies Standard 5.5: Students explain the causes of the American Revolution.
1750-1790 1754 The Battle of Fort Necessity 1763 The French and Indian War Ends 1764 Britain passes the Sugar Act
alliance: A formal agreement between countries or groups of people. delegate: A representative. Parliament: The lawmaking body of the British government. proclamation: A public announcement. George Washington: First president of the United States and a leader of the continental army. Benjamin Franklin:1706-1790 American leader and delegate to the Constitutional Convention. He was also a well respected scientist and business leader.
William Pitt: 1708-1778 British leader of Parliament during the French and Indian War. King George III: 1738-1820 King of Britain during the Revolutionary War. Fort Necessity: A British fort located in southwestern Pennsylvania; located in present-day Great Meadows. Albany: The capital of New York; located in the eastern part of the state, on the Hudson River.
Conflicting Claims In the mid-1700s Spain, France, and Britain were trying to keep control of their land in North America. Spain controlled most of southwest(Mexico) France controlled most of the north and middle (United States) Britain controlled the northeast (Canada) There was one part that Britain and France both claimed, it was called the Ohio Valley. In 1750 French sent soldiers to drive out the British. Britain thought this was an act of war.
The French and Indian War Begins In 1754 the governor of Virginia sent soldiers to fight against the French. George Washington led the Virginians. The Virginians knew they were outnumbered and built Fort Necessity. By the mid-1700s both France and Britain made alliance with the American Indians. In 1754 seven colonies sent delegates to Albany, New York to discuss the war. Benjamin Franklin was on that proposed that all the colonies work together to defeat France. None of the colonies wanted to work together.
The British Road to Victory In 1755 the colonies knew they needed more help. So Parliament sent more British soldiers to help fight against the French and its allies. George Washington was an adviser. In April 1755 General Edward Braddock and 1,800 soldiers marched to Fort Duquesne. British soldiers fight in open fields while French soldiers fought from behind trees and rocks. Britain did do well and General Broddock was killed. William Pitt sent more troops and supplies. In 1758 the war started to take a turn and French forts were captured. Spain joined France in the war but was defeated quickly. The war ended in 1763 with the Treaty of Paris. France lost nearly all its land in North America.
More Troubles In 1763 Chief Pontiac united the tribes and overtook some of the British forts. Britain’s King George III sent out a proclamation stating that all land west of the Appalachian Mountains belonged to the Indians. Many of the colonist didn’t listen and the fighting continued. 1764 Parliament passed the Sugar Act to raise money for Britain. This tax was on sugar and molasses brought in to the colonies. Soon there would be even more taxes.
Summary : In this section we have learned about conflicting claims to North American land that led to the French and Indian War. After the war, Britain issued the Proclamation of 1763, but most colonist ignored it and kept moving west.
Why did the French and British soldiers fight differently? Why did the French lose nearly all its land in North America? Why did the British choose the name Fort Necessity?
Think about the way the American Indians felt with all these soldiers coming onto their land and taking it over. Make inferences on how the Indians felt during this time period. Write down your ideas.
Turn to Page 325 in your book. 1. Which country claimed Florida before the French and Indian War? Answer: Spain claimed Florida before the French and Indian War.
Turn to Page 325 in your book. 1. Which country claimed Florida after the French and Indian War? Answer: Britain claimed Florida before the French and Indian War.
Did Spain gain or lose land as a result of the French and Indian War? Spain gained land as a result of the French and Indian War.
Why does Map A have much more purple than Map B? French lost most of its land at the end of the French and Indian War.
Complete #1 and #9 in complete sentences. Finish the worksheet.