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1 Luther And His Search for Salvation. 2 3 PRE-QUIZ.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Luther And His Search for Salvation. 2 3 PRE-QUIZ."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Luther And His Search for Salvation

2 2


4 4 TRUE OR FALSE? The church is the doctrines I believe--I am a Seventh- day Adventist because I believe in the seventh-day Sabbath and that Jesus is coming again. The church is the denomination--I pay tithes to the Seventh-day Adventist Church, headquartered in Silver Spring, Maryland. The church is the building built for worship--My church is in Takoma Park, Maryland. The church is the people who worship together.

5 5 Truth is what the church leaders teach. Truth is what the Bible teaches. Truth is what the Bible and the leaders teach.

6 6 Salvation is obtained only by what you do (by works alone). Salvation is obtained only by believing (by faith alone). Salvation is obtained only by what you do and by believing (by works and faith alone). Salvation is obtained only as a gift from God (by grace alone). Salvation is obtained only as a gift from God and by believing (by grace and faith alone). Salvation is obtained only as a gift from God, by your belief, and by what you do (by grace, faith, and works alone). 6

7 7 ___ I believe the same as Luther believed? ___ I am a member of a church that preaches Luther’s doctrines? ___ or both? If I say I am a Lutheran, does that mean...

8 8 Main Events in Luther’s life 1497 sent to school at Magdeburg when 14 years old 1503 student at Erfurt University, found a Bible in the library 1505 is graduated as a master, becomes a professor, then enters Augustinian monastery 1517 ninety-five theses nailed to church door 1518 summoned to Augsburg to recant the ninety-five theses 1519 Luther debates Eck in Leipzig 1520 burns papal bull ordering him to retract or be excommunicated 1521 Diet of Worms 1521-1522 at Wartburg; translates New Testament into German 1525 marriage to Catherine von Bora; domestic life with 6 children 1546 dies at Eisleben at 63 8

9 9 SCHOOL His father sent him to school at Magdeburg when 14 years old.

10 10 Parents of Martin Luther

11 11 Hymnal

12 12 He later entered the university at Erfurt and saw a Bible for the first time.

13 13 Then he became a monk

14 14 and later nailed his 95 theses to the church door in 1517.

15 15

16 16 Johann Tetzel

17 17 Selling indulgences

18 18 He was summoned to Augsburg to recant his 95 theses.

19 19 Cathedral at Augsburg

20 20 Cathedral at Augsburg

21 21 Cathedral at Augsburg

22 22 Cathedral at Augsburg

23 23 Window of Jonah at Cathedral of Augsburg, dating from the time of Luther

24 24 Another window at Cathedral of Augsburg-- Daniel--dating from the time of Luther

25 25 http://www.sacred- cathedral-photos/ For more pictures of the Augsburg Cathedral, use this url:

26 26 A recent news headline read: “Gloves Come Off in Debate”

27 27 Political Debate

28 28 Luther debated Eck in Leipzig

29 29 Luther as a monk

30 30 Johannes Eck

31 31 Carlstadt

32 32 Philipp Melanchthon attended Luther’s debate with Eck.

33 33 George of Anhalt, who as a young prince of 12, attended the debate of Luther and Eck.

34 34 City hall built at site of the castle of Pleissenburg, maintaining the old tower.

35 35 Luther burned the papal bull threatening excommunication.

36 36 Burning the papal bull

37 37 Diet at Worms

38 38 Diet of Worms

39 39 Castle at Wartburg

40 40 Frederick of Saxony, who planned Luther’s escape to Wartburg

41 41 Thuringian Forest

42 42 Thuringian Forest

43 43 Wartburg Castle

44 44 Luther’s writing table and room at Wartburg

45 45

46 46 Married Catherine von Bora

47 47 Catherine von Bora

48 48 Died in 1546

49 49 House where Martin Luther died

50 50 Masks of Luther at his death

51 51 Tombstone of Martin Luther

52 52

53 53 Street in Eisleben, the city where Luther was born and died

54 54 Eisleben today

55 55 The enemy of righteousness left nothing undone in his effort to stop the work committed to the Lord’s builders. But God “left not Himself without witness.” Acts 14:17. Workers were raised up who ably defended the faith once delivered to the saints. History bears record to the fortitude and heroism of these men. Like the apostles, many of them fell at their post, but the building of the temple went steadily forward. The workmen were slain, but the work advanced. The Waldenses, John Wycliffe, Huss and Jerome, Martin Luther and Zwingli, Cranmer, Latimer, and Knox, the Huguenots, John and Charles Wesley, and a host of others brought to the foundation material that will endure throughout eternity. And in later years those who have so nobly endeavored to promote the circulation of God’s word, and those who by their service in heathen lands have prepared the way for the proclamation of the last great message--these also have helped to rear the structure. (The Acts of the Apostles, p. 598 )

56 56 Through the ages that have passed since the days of the apostles, the building of God’s temple has never ceased. We may look back through the centuries and see the living stones of which it is composed gleaming like jets of light through the darkness of error and superstition. Throughout eternity these precious jewels will shine with increasing luster, testifying to the power of the truth of God. The flashing light of these polished stones reveals the strong contrast between light and darkness, between the gold of truth and the dross of error. (Ibid.)

57 57 Instead of dwelling on the exploits of the Alexanders and Napoleons of history, let the pupils study the lives of such men as the apostle Paul and Martin Luther, as Moffat and Livingstone and Carey, and the present daily- unfolding history of missionary effort. Instead of burdening their memories with an array of names and theories that have no bearing upon their lives, and to which, once outside the schoolroom, they rarely give a thought, let them study all lands in the light of missionary effort and become acquainted with the peoples and their needs. (Ellen White, A Call to Stand Apart, p. 66)

58 58 The theory of the immortality of the soul was one of those false doctrines that Rome, borrowing from paganism, incorporated into the religion of Christendom. Martin Luther classed it with the “monstrous fables that form part of the Roman dunghill of decretals.”—E. Petavel, The Problem of Immortality, page 255. Commenting on the words of Solomon in Ecclesiastes, that the dead know not anything, the Reformer says: “Another place proving that the dead have no... feeling. There is, saith he, no duty, no science, no knowledge, no wisdom there. Solomon judgeth that the dead are asleep, and feel nothing at all. For the dead lie there, accounting neither days nor years, but when they are awaked, they shall seem to have slept scarce one minute.”— Martin Luther, Exposition of Solomon’s Booke Called Ecclesiastes, page 152. (Ellen White, Darkness Before Dawn, p. 17)

59 59 Luther did not have all the truth, but he added to the temple of truth. For example, here are some of the beliefs he espoused that we would not today:

60 60 Therefore let everyone who can, smite, slay, and stab, secretly or openly, remembering that nothing can be more poisonous, hurtful, or devilish than a rebel... For baptism does not make men free in body and property, but in soul; and the gospel does not make goods common, except in the case of those who, of their own free will, do what the apostles and disciples did in Acts 4 [:32–37]. They did not demand, as do our insane peasants in their raging, that the goods of others—of Pilate and Herod— should be common, but only their own goods. Our peasants, however, want to make the goods of other men common, and keep their own for themselves. Fine Christians they are! I think there is not a devil left in hell; they have all gone into the peasants. Their raving has gone beyond all will

61 61 In 1523, Luther advised kindness toward the Jews in that Jesus Christ was born a Jew, but only with the aim of converting them to Christianity. When his efforts at conversion failed, he grew increasingly bitter toward them.

62 62 Luther did not understand many important truths, such as the Sabbath and the truth about God, but he lived what he understood. Through his work, great progress was made, despite his many misunderstandings.

63 63 The people in Luther’s time lived in great darkness, and Luther gave them much light, but we are now living in the time of the final atonement, and we do not have the luxury of any error, as those people had.

64 64 Unlike them, God’s last-day saints will have to live in the sight of a holy God without a mediator and must have perfection of character, which can only be achieved through truth unmingled with error.

65 65 Credits: Slide 20: Allie_Caulfield at flickr Slide 22: Holly Hayes at flickr Slides 21, 24: Courtesy of Peter Evans Slide 27: European Parliament at flickr Slide 34: PercyGermany at flickr Slide 41: bendus at flickr Slide 42: Jim Troder at flickr Slide 52: 1way2rock at flickr Slide 53: Matthias at flickr

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