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Country Report MUHAMMAD RIAZ PAKISTAN METEOROLOGICAL DEPARTMENT KARACHI

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Presentation on theme: "Country Report MUHAMMAD RIAZ PAKISTAN METEOROLOGICAL DEPARTMENT KARACHI"— Presentation transcript:

1 Country Report MUHAMMAD RIAZ PAKISTAN METEOROLOGICAL DEPARTMENT KARACHI

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4 SATELLITE IMAGE OF TARBELA  HARIPUR DARBAND BISHAM QILA

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6 TARBELA RESERVOIR Catchment area above Tarbela Sq Miles ( Sq Km) Annual Average Inflow at Tarbela 64 MAF Area of Lake 100 Sq. Miles (260 Sq. KM) Maximum Depth(Present) 334 Ft

7 FLOOD GENERATING SYSTEMS MONSOON LOW PRESSURE AREAS MONSOON DEPRESSIONS CYCLONES WEATHER SYSTEMS 1 Westerly wave 2 Southwest Monsoon River Floods Flash Floods Urban Floods

8 INTRODUCTION Climate Change is burning issue not at National but also at International level. Its Scope is so wider that nothing left without coming in the grip of its impacts, either it may be human, livestock or crops (Biodiversity). All these are leading happy and healthy life in a specific climate,otherwise adverse effects if it is changed

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10 Average Annual Rainfall ( )

11 Average Annual Rainfall ( )

12 Average Annual Rainfall ( ) minus ( )

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22 Annual Maximum Temperature ( )

23 Annual Minimum Temperature ( )

24 Temperature Range

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32 Monthly Frequency of Tropical Cyclones & Depression over Arabian Sea ( )

33 Annual Frequency of Tropical Cyclones & Depression over Arabian Sea ( )

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36 NO SIGNIFICANT Change due to Global Warming

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38 Kashmir Earthquake 2005: Consequences & Causes M. Asif Khan National Centre of Excellence in Geology University of Peshawar Makran Seismic Zone Chaman- Hindukush Seismic Zone Kuchch-Gujerat Seismic Zone Sulaiman-Kirthar Seismic Zone Himalayan Seismic Zone Bhuj 2001 M7.6; Allah Band 1819 M 7.8 Urmara 1945, M8.3 Chaman, 1892 Quetta 1935, M7.5 Kashmir 2005, M7.6 Mach 1931, M7.4 & Ziarat/Pishin 2009,M6.4 Kangra 1905, M ~8 Himalayan Seismic Zone

39 Stakeholders  Federal Flood Commission (FFC)  Provincial Irrigation and Drainage Authority (PIDA)  National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)  Water And Power Development Authority (WAPDA)  Provincial Relief Organization  Pakistan Army  Pakistan Commissioner for Indus Waters (PCIW)  Emergency Relief Cell (ERC)

40 CONCLUSION Rainfall Analysis shows decadal increase over the year from ,drought condition also prevailed at intervals.( The increase is 1.2mm/year) The increased rainfall has shifted Northern Areas of the country. Changes in precipitation are not as significant over the southwestern parts of the country. Annual Maximum Temperature is increasing from0.1 to 0.4c/decad while minimum Temperature is decreasing from c/decad in the Northern Areas Diurnal variation in temperature in the Northern areas is increasing.Thus the moister holding capacity is increasing resulting heavy downpour. Annual Maximum and minimum temperatures of Coastal Areas are increasing from and °C per decade respectively

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