Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Definite Article Autor: Mgr. Kateřina Kozlová Předmět Inovace výuky na Gymnáziu Otrokovice formou DUMů CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0488 12. května 2013.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The Definite Article Autor: Mgr. Kateřina Kozlová Předmět Inovace výuky na Gymnáziu Otrokovice formou DUMů CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0488 12. května 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Definite Article Autor: Mgr. Kateřina Kozlová Předmět Inovace výuky na Gymnáziu Otrokovice formou DUMů CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ května 2013

2 THE DEFINITE ARTICLE Summary of the rules where to use the definite article. 2. května 20132

3 Something specific, already known or mentioned We watched a film. The film was set in Alaska. With nouns which are unique the Earth; the Sun; the Eiffel Tower The names of cinemas, theatres, museums, galleries the Golden Apple Cinema the National Theatre the British Museum the Tate Gallery Hotels, pubs, restaurants the Hilton the pub At the Stone Bell, the Apollo Restaurant 2. května 20133

4 Other buildings the Empire State Building, the White House, the Municipal House The names of newspapers, ships, organisations the Times, the Daily Mirror (X Time magazine, Vogue) the Cutty Sark (ship) the EU, the BBC, the Amnesty International Musical instruments and dances He plays the guitar. (X He plays basketball.) I can dance the tango. The names of families and nationalities The Smiths, the Windsors the Americans, the Polish, the Portuguese, the Greeks… 2. května 20134

5 Titles the Queen, the Prince of Wales, the President (X Queen Victoria, King Henry VIII) Adjectives or adverbs in the superlative form the best solution the most respected man (X Most children like chocolate.) + comparative: The sooner you arrive, the better. Historical periods/events the Middle Ages, the Crimean War the Second World War (X World War II) With ordinals + the words last, only the fifth day, the first person the last word, the only child 2. května 20135

6 The + adj. = a group of people the poor/rich/sick/injured/elderly/young/ homeless/disabled/unemployed/dead/ blind/deaf/handicapped Names with …of… the Bank of England, the City of New York, the Houses of Parliament, the Gulf of Mexico, the Great Wall of China, the Tropic of Capricorn, the University of London (X London University) With the words: beach, station, cinema, theatre, coast, country(side), ground, jungle, seaside, weather, world, shop, library, city, sea What´s the weather like? He arrived at the station. We have a cottage in the countryside. Let´s go to the sea. (X We were at sea. = We were sailing.) A/The dolphin is a clever creature. X Dolphins are clever creatures. 2. května 20136

7 Adverbs of place There is a book on the table. I saw your socks under the sofa a minute ago. Other expressions in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening, in the night (X at noon, at night, at midnight) Rivers, seas, oceans, canals the (River) Amazon, the Mediterranean (Sea), The Pacific (Ocean), the Suez Canal, the (English) Channel (X lake Michigan They live near lake Michigan. but They live near the lake.) Mountain ranges the Rocky Mountains, the Alps, the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands (X Mount Everest, Ben Nevis) 2. května 20137

8 Groups of islands the Canary Islands, the Bahamas, the Hebrides (X Corsica, Tahiti) Deserts the Mohawe Desert, the Sahara Countries when they include nouns like republic, kingdom, etc. the Czech Republic, the United States of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland + the Netherlands, the Vatican, the Lebanon, the Sudan (X France, Spain, South Carolina) The North/South Pole, the Middle East, the Far East (in) the north of England (X northern England), (on) the south-west coast 2. května 20138

9 Without the Uncountable or plural countable nouns in general Children like chocolate. Fish live in water. Names of sports, games, days, months, drinks, meals, languages, subjects I play chess on Monday. We speak French. (X The French language is difficult to learn.) He likes Chemistry and whiskey. Names of continents, countries, cities Europe, North America, Paris (X the Hague) 2. května 20139

10 Names of streets, squares, bridges, parks Oxford Street, Fifth Avenue, Broadway (X the Mall) Times Square, Piccadilly Circus Tower Bridge, Hyde Park Two-word names when the first name is the name of a person or a place Gatwick Airport, Windsor Castle, Cambridge University, London ZOO, Buckingham Palace, Victoria Station (the White House) Names of pubs, restaurants, shops, banks and hotels named after the people who started them, churches Lloyds Bank, Harrods, McDonalds, Jack´s Pub, St Paul´s Cathedral, St Wenceslas´ Chapel 2. května

11 Names of companies, airlines etc. Sony, IBM, British Airways With by + means of transport go by bus, by train (X take a bus, get on the train…) With the words work, home go home, be at work With the words bed, church, college, court, hospital, prison, school, university when we refer to the purpose for which they exist He is in hospital (as a patient). (X He went to the hospital to visit his granny.) Peter is at school. (X Mr Green is in the school.) He is in prison. (The Minister arrived at the prison at 11 o´clock.) With the names of illnesses He died of leukemia. flu/the flu, mumps/the mumps, measles/the measles 2. května

12 I Fill in a, an, the or nothing. 1 I take …… bus to school every day. I leave …… house at 7.30 in …… morning. It is …… five-minute walk from my house to …… bus-stop. …… journey to …… school takes about …… quarter of …… hour. 2 …… Queen is going to visit …… Bridgeford next week to open …… new hospital which has been built in …… town. It will be …… exciting event which all …… local people will attend. 3 Stuart has got …… cold, so he has to stay in …… bed. His mother has made him …… bowl of soup and he has got …… box of ……tissues on …… bedside table. He will probably spend most of …… day sleeping. the - a a The - a an The - a/the an - the a - a - a 2. května

13 II Fill in a, an or the where necessary. 1) … Breakfast is … most important meal of … day. 2) … Villages in this part of … country are very beautiful. 3)There was … accident as I was going … home at … night. … Ambulance took … injured people to … hospital. 4) I want to go to … university when I leave … school. 5) … Duponts, who live next door to us, are … French. 6) Do you buy … newspaper every day? No, I buy … Independent only once … week. 7) … Historian is … person who studies … history. 8) … Panda is … large mammal which lives in … China. … Pandas have … black and white fur and eat … bamboo shoots. 9) Susan doesn´t believe in … ghosts. She thinks that … supernatural is … product of … people´s imagination. 10)Carol is … economist. She used to work in … investment department of … Lloyds Bank. Now she works for … International Court of Justice in … Hague. 2. května

14 KEY II Fill in a, an or the where necessary. 1) - Breakfast is the most important meal of the day. 2) - Villages in this part of the country are very beautiful. 3)There was an accident as I was going - home at - night. An ambulance took the injured people to - hospital. 4) I want to go to - university when I leave - school. 5) The Duponts, who live next door to us, are - French. 6) Do you buy a newspaper every day? No, I buy the Independent only once a week. 7) A Historian is a person who studies - history. 8) The Panda is a large mammal which lives in - China. - Pandas have a black and white fur and eat - bamboo shoots. 9) Susan doesn´t believe in - ghosts. She thinks that - supernatural is the product of - people´s imagination. 10)Carol is an economist. She used to work in an investment department of - Lloyds Bank. Now she works for the International Court of Justice in the Hague. 2. května

15 III Read the following proverbs and put a, an, the where necessary. 1)… actions speak louder than … words. 2)… still water runs deep. 3)… apple … day keeps … doctor away. 4)When in … Rome, do as … Romans do. 5)Where there is … will there´s … way. 6)You can´t teach … old dog … new tricks. 7)You cannot make … omelette without breaking … eggs. 8)… more you get, … more you want. 9)… home is where … heart is. 10)Fire is … good servant but … bad master. - - the An a -the aa an- - the The Athe a a - 2. května

16 2. května 2013 Použité zdroje Tryml, Sergej: Moderní učebnice anglické gramatiky pro středně pokročilé a pokročilé, EKOPRESS, s.r.o., K Motelu 124, Praha 4, vydání I , ISBN DOOLEY, Jenny a Virginia EVANS. Grammarway 4. Newbury: Express Publishing, ISBN Všechny objekty použité k vytvoření prezentace jsou součástí SW Microsoft Office nebo jsou vlastní originální tvorbou autora. 16


Download ppt "The Definite Article Autor: Mgr. Kateřina Kozlová Předmět Inovace výuky na Gymnáziu Otrokovice formou DUMů CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0488 12. května 2013."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google