Presentation on theme: "Relative Clauses Mgr. Žaneta Janečková Anglický jazyk Inovace výuky na Gymnáziu Otrokovice formou DUMů CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0488."— Presentation transcript:
Relative Clauses Mgr. Žaneta Janečková Anglický jazyk Inovace výuky na Gymnáziu Otrokovice formou DUMů CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0488
RELATIVE CLAUSES Relative clauses tell us which person or thing the speaker means. Relative pronouns: who(m), which, that, whose. Who/that: refer to people e.g. A customer is someone who /that buys something from a shop. Which/ that: to refer objects/animals e.g. The dog which/that ran away is hers.
We can´t omit a relative pronoun when there is not a noun or subject pronoun between the relative pronoun and the verb. e.g. The man who /that lives on top floor is a lawyer. The man (who/that) I wanted to speak to is a lawyer. Whose – is used instead of possessive adjectives (my, her, etc.) e.g. What´s the name of the woman whose car you borrowed?
Whom: - can be used when there is a noun or subject pronoun between the relative pronoun and the verb. e.g. The man whom I wanted to speak is a lawyer. We don´t usually use prepositions before relative pronouns. e.g. The man John is speaking to is his uncle. 27. června 20124
Relative adverbs Where: - refers to place e.g. This is the house where he was born. - can be replace by which/ that e.g. This is the house (which/that) he was born in. When – refers to time e.g. I´ll never forget the moment when I first saw you. - can be replaced by that 27. června 20125
e.g. I´ll never forget the moment (that) I first saw you. Why: - refers to reason e.g. The reason why I am happy is that my husband has just got a new job. - can be replaced by that or omitted e.g. The reason (that) I am happy is that my husband has just got a new job.
Identifying / Non-Identifying clauses Identifying clauses – are essential to the meaning of the main sentences, they give necessary information. There aren´t commas. e.g. The dress (which/that) I bought was too small. Non- Identifying clauses – aren´t essential to the meaning of the main clauses, they give extra information. We use commas. e.g. Mr Jones, who lives on top floor, is a doctor.
27. června 20128 Použité zdroje DOOLEY, Jenny a Virginia EVANS. Grammarway 3. Newbury: Express Publishing, 1999. 1st ed. ISBN 978-1-842- 16-367-2.. MURPHY, Raymond. English Grammar in Use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. 2nd ed. ISBN 0521 43680 X. Všechny objekty použité k vytvoření prezentace jsou součástí SW Microsoft Office nebo jsou vlastní originální tvorbou autora.