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Present Simple Autor: Mgr. Alžběta Fojtů Předmět Inovace výuky na Gymnáziu Otrokovice formou DUMů CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0488.

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Presentation on theme: "Present Simple Autor: Mgr. Alžběta Fojtů Předmět Inovace výuky na Gymnáziu Otrokovice formou DUMů CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0488."— Presentation transcript:

1 Present Simple Autor: Mgr. Alžběta Fojtů Předmět Inovace výuky na Gymnáziu Otrokovice formou DUMů CZ.1.07/1.5.00/

2 Present Simple přítomný čas prostý používá se pro situace, které se dějí: – stále: British children wear uniforms. – opakovaně: My parents go to the cinema every month. – vyjadřují všeobecné skutečnosti: The earth goes around the sun. nepoužívá se pro vyjádření momentálního děje 3.osoba jednotného čísla připojuje koncovku –s pomocné sloveso: do 1. září 20132

3 Presents Simple – affirmative I eat fish at school twice a week. You eat fish at school twice a week. He eats fish at school twice a week. She eats fish at school twice a week. It eats fish at school twice a week. We eat fish at school twice a week. You eat fish at school twice a week. They eat fish at school twice a week. FOR CLEVER HEADS: What is typical English word order? 1. září 20133

4 Presents Simple – negative I DO NOT (= DON´T ) eat fish at school twice a week. You DO NOT (= DON´T ) eat fish at school twice a week. He DOES NOT (= DOESN´T ) eat fish at school twice a week. She DOES NOT (= DOESN´T ) eat fish at school twice a week. It DOES NOT (= DOESN´T ) eat fish at school twice a week. We DO NOT (= DON´T ) eat fish at school twice a week. You DO NOT (= DON´T ) eat fish at school twice a week. They DO NOT (= DON´T ) eat fish at school twice a week. FOR CLEVER HEADS: What happened with –s in 3rd person sg? 1. září 20134

5 Presents Simple – questions DO I eat fish at school twice a week? – Yes, I do / No, I don´t. DO you eat fish at school twice a week? – Yes, I do / No, I don´t. DOES he eat fish at school twice a week? – Yes, he does / No, he doesn´t. DOES she eat fish at school twice a week? – Yes, he does / No, he doesn´t. DOES it eat fish at school twice a week? – Yes, he does / No, he doesn´t. DO we eat fish at school twice a week? – Yes, I do / No, I don´t. DO you eat fish at school twice a week? – Yes, I do / No, I don´t. DO they eat fish at school twice a week? – Yes, I do / No, I don´t. FOR CLEVER HEADS: What are short answers? 1. září 20135

6 Question words What (colour) Why How How many/much When Where Who Which.. do you prefer?.. does he smoke so much?.. do you do?.. pets do they have?.. does he go to bed?.. do they live?.. do you buy presents for?.. car does she like? FOR CLEVER HEADS: How much or many? Why? 1. září 20136

7 Make affirmative sentences 0) (he / go / school / every day) e.g. He goes to school every day. 1)My father / play badminton / Saturdays My father play badminton on Saturday. 2) The classes / begin / 9 a.m. The classes begin at 9 a.m. 3) My friends/ sometimes / go / cinema My friends sometimes go to the cinema. 4) Josh/ work / restaurant Josh works in a restaurant. 5) My aunt and uncle / live / London My aunt and uncle live in London. 6) Teachers / drive / school / cars. Teachers drive to school by their cars. 1. září 20137

8 Questions: do (n´t) or does (n´t) 1) ________ Peter live with his father? Yes, ________ 2) ________ you learn Spanish? No, ________ 3) ________ Andrew and Martin ride the bikes to school? Yes, ________ 4) ________ they play in the garden? No, ________ 5) ________ Sandy's hamster live in a cage? Yes, ________ 6) ________ the cats sit on the wall? No, ________ 7) ________ we work in front of the computer? Yes, ________ 8) ________ you play the drums? No, ________ 9) ________ Steve wear pullovers? Yes, ________ 10) ________ I clean the bathroom? No, ________ Does Do he does I don´t they do they don´t it does they don´t we do I do he does I do 1. září 20138

9 Change into negative 1.I watch TV. 2.We play football. 3.It is boring. 4.She cleans her room. 5.You ride your bike every day. 6.Sandy takes nice photos. 7.They open the windows. 8.He buys a new CD. 9.I am late. 10.She has a cat. 1. září I don´t watch TV. 2.We don´t play football 3.It isn´t boring. 4.She doesn´t clean her room. 5.You don´t ride.. 6.Sandy doesn´t take.. 7.They don´t open the windows. 8.He doesn´t buy a new CD. 9.I am not late. 10.She doesn´t have a cat.

10 Questions 1.(how often / you / go / concerts)? 2.(he / play tennis /Saturdays)? 3.(what sports / Lucy / like)? 4.(you / go shopping / weekend)? 5.(how / they / get to work)? 6.(she / work / office)? 7.(how many brothers / she / have)? 8.(they / study French?)? 9.(where / she / live)? 10.(you / meet your friends /Fridays?)? 1. září

11 KEY: Questions 1.How often do you go to concerts? 2.Does he play tennis on Saturdays? 3.What sports does Lucy like? 4.Do you go shopping at the weekend? 5.How do they get to work? 6.Does she work in an office? 7.How many brothers does she have? 8.Do they study French? 9.Where does she live? 10.Do you meet your friends Fridays? 1. září

12 Questions and answers 1.Because I like chocolate very much. 2.Yes, I do. I read three books a month. 3.He is from New Zealand. 4.He´s No, they don´t. They like spagetti more. 6.I speak three languages. 7.The lesson finishes at He meets his friends in the local pub. 9.Yes, it does. We usually have a lot of snow in the CR. 10.I always have lunch in the canteen. 1. září

13 KEY: Questions and answers 1.Why do you eat so much chocolate? 2.Do you read a lot of books? 3.Where is he from? / Where does he come from? 4.How old is he? 5.Do they like..(pizza)? 6.How many languages do you speak? 7.What time does the lesson finish? 8.Where does he meet his friends? 9.Does it snow in the CR in winter ? 10.Where do you have lunch? / Where do you go for lunch? 1. září

14 Adverbs of frequency ф ф ф ф ф ф always ф ф ф ф ф usually ф ф ф ф often ф ф ф sometimes ф ф hardly ever ф never POZICE VE VĚTĚ: PŘED významovým slovesem ZA slovesem to be 1. září

15 Make sentences with adverbs 1.she / listen / radio / morningф ф ф ф 2.Pete / get / angryф 3.Tom´s parents / be / friendly ф ф ф ф ф 4.I / put / sugar / my / coffeeф ф 5.They / not / be / lateф ф ф ф ф 6.Josh / not / take / dog / walk / night ф ф ф ф 7.We / watch / TV / afternoon ф ф ф 8.he / late / school? ф ф ф ф 9.they / have / chicken / lunch / Sunday? ф ф ф ф ф 10.she / drive / car / work ?ф ф ф ф ф ф 11.I / get up / 6 / morning ф ф ф ф ф 12.He / go / gym / Saturdaysф 1. září

16 KEY: Make sentences with adverbs 1.She often listens to the radio in the morning. 2.Pete never gets angry. 3.Tom´s parents are usually friendly 4.I seldom put sugar into my coffee. 5.They are not usually late. 6.Josh doesn´t often take the dog for a walk at night. 7.We sometimes watch TV in the afternoon. 8.Is he often late for school. 9. Do they usually have chicken for lunch on Sunday? 10. Does she always drive her car to work? 11.I usually get up at 6 in the morning. 12.He never goes to the gym on Sundays. 1. září

17 Použité zdroje CLARKE, S. Macmillan English Grammar in Context Essential ISBN DOOLEY, J., EVANS, V. Grammarway 2. 2nd ed ISBN září Všechny objekty použité k vytvoření prezentace jsou součástí SW Microsoft Office nebo jsou vlastní originální tvorbou autora.


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