Presentation on theme: "Past Tenses Mgr. Žaneta Janečková Anglický jazyk Inovace výuky na Gymnáziu Otrokovice formou DUMů CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0488."— Presentation transcript:
Past Tenses Mgr. Žaneta Janečková Anglický jazyk Inovace výuky na Gymnáziu Otrokovice formou DUMů CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0488
27. června 20122 Past Simple USE: for an action happened at a stated, already known or implied time in the past e.g. He spent his holiday in the USA last summer. for actions which happened immediately one after another in the past First, she had dinner. Then, she washed the dishes.
Past Continuous FORM: was/were + verb+-ing USE: for an action which was in progress at a certain time in the past, someone was in the middle of doing something At two o´clock yesterday afternoon I was watching TV. something happened in the middle of 27. června 20123
something else e.g. While I was cooking dinner, I burnt my hand. for simultaneous past actions e.g. While my mum was tidying, I was watching TV. to describe the atmosphere, the setting,etc. (in the introduction to the story) It was a nice day. The sun was shining and the birds were singing. 27. června 20124
Time expressions when, while, as, all day,etc. Past Perfect Simple Form: had + past participle USE: for an action which happened before another past action or before a certain time in the past e.g. I had bought the tickets before I heard you were ill. 27. června 20125
for an action which finished in the past and whose results were were visible in the past e.g. I couldn´t walk because I had injured my leg. Past Perfect Continuous FORM: had + been + verb+-ing USE: to emphasize the duration of an action that started and finished in the past before another past action or a certain time in the 27. června 20126
7 past e.g. I had been cooking for ten minutes when there was a power cut. for an action which lasted for some time in the past and whose results were visible in the past e.g. I was upset. I had been waiting for him for an hour. Time expressions before, until, after, when, since, for,already, just, how long, by, by the time, etc.
USED TO to talk about past states and habits something happened regularly in the past but no longer happens e.g. I used to travel a lot, but I don´t travel very often now. BE USED TO (+ verb+-ing/noun/pronoun) be accustomed to something e.g. I have been living in Britain for a very long time. Driving on the left isn´t strange for me because I´m used to it. 27. června 20128
GET USED TO (+ verb+-ing/noun/pronoun) become accustomed to something e.g. At first I found hard to get up early but then I got used to it. Now it´s OK. 27. června 20129
10 Použité zdroje DOOLEY, Jenny a Virginia EVANS. Grammarway 3. Newbury: Express Publishing, 1999. 1st ed. ISBN 978-1-842- 16-367-2.. MURPHY, Raymond. English Grammar in Use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. 2nd ed. ISBN 0521 43680 X. Všechny objekty použité k vytvoření prezentace jsou součástí SW Microsoft Office nebo jsou vlastní originální tvorbou autora.