Presentation on theme: "Part I: pre-reading Background information Max Shulman (March 14, 1919 – August 28, 1988) was an American writer who was popular in the third quarter."— Presentation transcript:
Part I: pre-reading Background information Max Shulman (March 14, 1919 – August 28, 1988) was an American writer who was popular in the third quarter of the 20th century. His writing often focused on young people, particularly in a collegiate setting.March 141919August 28 1988Americanwriter20th centuryyoung Shulman was the author of several fairly well-received novels Shulman was also a screenwriter.novels
Charles Lamb (1775-1834), English essayist and poet, most famous for his collection Essays of Elia (1823, 1833). The poem "The Old Familiar Faces" and the essay "Dream’s Children" are among his most popular works. He’s a famous English essayist and created the style of informal and free essay.
Fallacy: (logical term) a false idea or belief; an error. Topic: There is a deceptive quality about love. logic: "the science of reasoning, proof, thinking, or inference”
Background Logical fallacy: An argument in logic presents evidence in support of some thesis or conclusion. An argument has two components: a conclusion, the thesis argued for; and certain premises, the considerations adduced on behalf of the conclusion.
Fallacies in the text: Dicto Simpliciter ： 基于限定条件的论点 from a saying (taken too) simply to a saying according to what(it really is) Hasty Generalization ： 草率结论, 不完全归纳 Post Hoc ： 拉丁文，全称为 Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc ，意思是假性因果 Contradictory Premises ：二立背反，大前提有毛病
Fallacies in the text: Ad Misericordiam ：拉丁文，意思为诉诸同情 ; a Latin phrase meaning "to pity“ False analogy ：错误类比，其他类似名称： False Analogy, Faulty Analogy, Questionable Analogy. Hypothesis Contrary to Fact ： 与事实相反的 假设 Poisoning the Well ：投毒下井 against the person
Part II; while reading Language points study Literary appreciation: rhetoric devices; Greek myth
Language points: Enterprising: willing to try or to think about new ideas or methods. in a month of Sundays: a long time. (colloq.) unfetter: liberate or free There follows --- frontier: metaphor, comparing the limitations set by Lamb to a frontier. The informal essay that follows here is freer than the one Charles Lamb wrote.
limp: not firm or strong flaccid: soft and loose spongy: like a sponge; soft, full of air. (Metaphor) It would perhaps be more correct to call this essay a limp, flaccid or a spongy essay Vague: not clear.
pedantic: of or like a pedant.( 书呆子气的， 迂腐的 ) discipline: a branch of knowledge or learning Trauma: damage to one’s mind caused by sudden shock or terrible experience. It is a metaphor comparing logic to a living human being.
Para 4 Inversion is used to emphasize “cool” Keen: strong and quick at understanding Calculating: (derogatory) Scheming Perspicacious: showing or having clever judgment or understanding It is very perspicacious of you to find the cause of the trouble so quickly. 你真是明察秋毫, 问题的原因这麽快就找出来了。 Astute: wily or shrewd He is a very astute merchant, and can not accept to be the first offers a price. 他是个非常精明的商人, 不可能接受第一个出价。
Simile, parallelism, ellipsis. It is not often –a giant intellect: hyperbole for effect giant intellect: great mind or intelligence (American slang) nothing upstairs: empty-headed; a nitwit British Slang: unfurnished in the upper storey.
Fad: fashion; craze Negation of: lack of. To be swept up: to follow enthusiastically. Surrender oneself to: to give up to the acme of mindlessness: the height of stupidity; the greatest lack of intelligence Appendicitis 阑尾炎 ; meningitis 髓膜炎 ; Myelitis 脊髓炎 …
Para.6 flight: quick running. incredulous: unwilling to believe; skeptical; showing disbelief. He looked at me with an incredulous expression. 他怀疑地看着我。 (incredible: impossible to believe or amazing, fantastic. objective) That's the most incredible coincidence I've ever heard of! 那是我听说过的最难以置信的巧合！
in the swim: conforming to the current fashions, or active in the main current of affairs. Investment is a hazardous business; even those who are in the swim sometimes come a cropper. 投资是一项风险事业, 就是那些懂行的人有时也会 栽跟头。 It so happened--- a raccoon coat: Luckily by chance I knew where I could get hold of a raccoon coat
21 Further: promote, help. with one omission: with one exception. (intelligence) Inversion. (for emphasis) Pin-up: a picture of a beautiful lady usu. on the wall. Shape of the body. Makings: quality or condition for developing.
The manner of carrying one’s body. Indicated the best of breeding: showed she was well educated and trained. She walked with her head and body erect and moved in a natural and dignified manner—all this showed she was well educated and trained in manners and social behaviour. Veer: turn or change direction. Euphemism. She was very stupid. Smart + en = smarten: make smart, become clever. Keen kid: nice girl.
Go steady with: to date with some one regularly and exclusively. Be out of the picture: not involved in the situation; have nothing to do with… e.g. I was absent when it happened, so I was out of the picture.
From the very beginning I felt the tall girl was out of the picture and Jean would win the prize. To be high up in the picture: become an important person or succeed in doing sth. Old man: father. (slang) Gamy: smelly. Wonderful.
greasy: 1. containing of grease. 2. smarmy. a greasy smile. He speaks in greasy (unctuous) tones. 他说话油腔滑调. His greasy hair repelled her. Pelt: skin or fur of a dead animal Canny: wily, shrewd; clever Stout: adj. brave; determined. The Chief of Police stoutly denied the accusation. 警察局长坚决否认这个指控。
50 Tear: torment, agitate. (tear sb.) He was suffering of the trouble that he did not know what’s the right thing he could choose. waif: a homeless child or animal. Simile. resolutely: firmly
Waxing: increasing; Waning: lessening; reducing Antithesis. mad lust: very strong desire for sth. Parody.
An occasional pleasure. Swallow up: eat quickly. use up, run short of; disappear. e.g. The ships were swallowed up by the waves. The company was swallowed up by one of the multinationals.
Swallow up The increase of expense swallowed up the profits. The plane was swallowed up in the clouds. to accept patiently or without asking why. e.g. I find that a bit hard to swallow.
Delish= delicious Marvy=marvelous Bade, bid: to say goodbye to … Gravely: seriously. Euphemism. Understatement. ( litotes )
litotes To teach her how to think appeared to be a rather big task.
Wince: to draw back, as with fear or pain; withdraw He winced as she stood on his injured foot. 她踩着他受伤的脚，他疼得缩了回去。 irritation
Pa.107 testy: impatient and bad-tempered; easily irritated or annoyed notorious—infamous; widely but unfavorably known Exultant: jubilant; exulting Few people would not exult at the smash of "the gang of four". Liverpool were in an exultant (jubilant) mood after their cup victory. 利物浦队夺得优胜杯後喜气洋洋.
Para.115-118 There is --- can bear: synecdoche, material for the thing made. There is a limit to what any human being can bear. From her eyes I could see that for the first time she was beginning to understand the problem.
to keep emphasizing or talking about Let-up: stopping; relaxing Five grueling --- worth it: Inversion. This (teaching Polly logic) took five extremely exhausting nights, but it was worth all the trouble— I had made --- Polly: I had turned Polly into a logician. out of: from (material, etc.) e. g. be made out of stone
She was worthy --- at last: This, once again, shows the conceit of the narrator. Polly was now good enough to be his wife. Well-heeled: (American slang) rich, prosperous I will wander --- hulk: hyperbole. Worn, wearied and dragging my feet, I’ll roam disconsolately all over the world a hollow- eyed wreck.
Shambling: walking in a lazy or clumsy manner, barely lifting the feet I was not --- by the throat: These two allusions are well chosen. He planned to be Pygmalion, to fashion an ideal wife for himself; but he became Frankenstein for Polly (his student) ultimately rejected him (her teacher).
croak: to make a deep, hoarse sound, as that of a frog (showing desperation) literally: actually; in fact Don't be so literal-minded you know what I meant! 别那麽死心眼嘛－－你知道我是什麽意思。 A literal translation is not always the closest to the original meaning. 逐字翻译不一定最接近原义。 Move up and down happily That did it: That made me lose my patience/self- control.
Parallelism. Unstable man antithesis Unexpected ending. (O Henry) “The Cop and the Anthem” “The Gift of the Magi” “ The Last Leaf” “The Four Million”
Part IIIPost-reading Conclusion of the lesson Exercises discussion Homework: general knowledge of TEM-8
Exercises To follow a passing fashion or craze, in my opinion, shows a complete lack of reason. she was beautiful and attractive enough to arouse the desires and passions of men, but I would not let feelings or emotions get the upper hand of reason or good sense. She was not yet as beautiful as a pin-up girl but I felt sure she would become beautiful enough after some time.
Key to Exercises In fact, she went in the opposite direction. Plainly speaking, she was rather stupid. If you’re no-longer involved with her, others would he free to compete for her friendship. To teach her to think appeared to be a rather big task. There is a limit to what any human being can bear.
Homework Exercises: 1.The Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 4,____ A 1774 B 1778 C 1775 D 1776 2.The second largest state of the United States is ____ A Texas B Alaska C California D Hawaii 3.The backbone of North America refers to the ____ A Appalachian Mountains B Rocky Mountains C Cascade Mountains D Sierra Nevada Mountains 4. The headquarter of the United Nations is located in ____. A Washington D.C. B Geneva C New York D Boston
5.Each of the fifty states of the USA elects ____ senators. A 10 B 4 C 3 D 2 6. When the president of the U.S signs an act passed by Congress into law, it still can be cancelled if ____. A the lower federal court decides that it goes against previous laws B the Supreme Court decides that it goes against previous laws C the lower federal court decides it is unconstitutional D the Supreme Court decides it is unconstitutional