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Hymn to God, My God, in my Sickness John Donne (1572-1631)

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Presentation on theme: "Hymn to God, My God, in my Sickness John Donne (1572-1631)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Hymn to God, My God, in my Sickness John Donne ( )

2 Cosmographers -- maps Dying moment Physicians ~ cosmographers (1) body and map (2) mission and the world (3) cognitive map

3 Magellan

4 Per fretum febris Per fretum febris: through the straits of fever, with a pun on straits Dying of fever A voyage A mission to the end of the world

5 Note In one of his sermons Donne writes: "In a flat Map there goes no more to make West East, though they be distant in an extremity but to paste that flat map upon a round body, and then West and East are all one... conforme thee to him [Christ] and thy West is East... the name of Christ is Oriens, the East....''

6 Antipodes (from Greek anti- "opposed" and pous "foot") means "diametrically opposed", and more specifically refers to the opposite side of the Earth, the region of the antipodal point, and those to those living there. In Britain in particular, "The Antipodes" is often used to refer to Australia and New Zealand.  the international dateline In Britain in particular, "The Antipodes" is often used to refer to Australia and New Zealand.  the international dateline

7  The medieval/ Latin world The Latin word changed its sense form the original "under the feet, opposite side" to "those with the feet opposite", i. e. a bahuvrihi referring to hypothetical people living on the opposite side of the Earth. Medieval illustrations imagine them in some way "inverted", with their feet growing out of their heads, pointing upward.

8 Augustine’s argument Saint Augustine (354–430) argued against people inhabiting the antipodes and called them a "fable" (City of God, xvi, 9).

9 antipodes Turing upside down! The flat earth or the sphere? The exotic landscape The myth of the unknown

10 Antipodes/world upside down

11 Inhabitable? The Antipodes Islands (49°41’ S 178°48’ E) are an inhospitable uninhabited island group to the south of—and territorially part of—New Zealand. They lie 650 kilometres to the southeast of Stewart Island.  World view in the Christian Topography, Cosmas Indicopleutes, 6th century

12 A Bibliophile in the Antipodes Reading: click here.  islands at the bottom of the world. here

13 Is Pacific See my Home?! Spiritual home Religious mission Ultimate goal in life The origin of humans Leap and resurrection --the term “pacific”?

14 The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum, "peaceful sea", bestowed upon it by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan) is the world's largest body of water. The Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan named the ocean. For most of his voyage from the Straits of Magellan to the Philippines, Magellan indeed found the ocean peaceful.

15 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Strait of Magellan at dawn

16 The Strait of Magellan

17 Peaceful? However, the Pacific is not always peaceful. Many typhoons and hurricanes batter the islands of the Pacific and the lands around the Pacific rim are full of volcanoes and often rocked by earthquakes.

18 Modern Globe

19 The Strait of Magellan a navigable route immediately south of mainland South America the most important natural passage between the Pacific and the Atlantic oceans Arguably the most important natural passage between the Pacific and the Atlantic oceans considered a difficult route to navigate because of the inhospitable climate and the narrowness of the passage.

20 The schematic map 1493 T - O Map Translation

21 Mappae mundi  Medieval world maps are mental maps.  They are composed by geographical experience, literary knowledge and philosophical speculation.  The three continents of medieval world, Asia, Europe, and Africa,

22 Christian Topography of Cosmas Indicopleustes

23 Tabernacle world view in the Christian Topography, Cosmas Indicopleutes, 6th century

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26 Illustrations from the Christian Topography (Montfaucon)

27 Redrawing of Cosmas Indicopleustes' world picture, 6 th century

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29 Isidore of Seville Isidore of Seville

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33 Interpretive redrawing of the St. Sever Beatus world map

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35 Cosmas Indicopleustes' world picture, ca. 560

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