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TSA Writing Skills (Secondary 3). Pre-writing You are Thomas. Your aunt from America is visiting Hong Kong. You went to Ocean Park with her today. You.

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Presentation on theme: "TSA Writing Skills (Secondary 3). Pre-writing You are Thomas. Your aunt from America is visiting Hong Kong. You went to Ocean Park with her today. You."— Presentation transcript:

1 TSA Writing Skills (Secondary 3)

2 Pre-writing

3 You are Thomas. Your aunt from America is visiting Hong Kong. You went to Ocean Park with her today. You want to write a diary entry about it. Write your diary entry in about 150 words describing your visit to Ocean Park. Use the following pictures and your own ideas. Read the question Underline the key words Situation Text type What to write Number of words

4 Brainstorm ideas (1) Pictures ? busdolphin showroller coaster jellyfishcable car

5 From the pictures, find out: When is it? Who are the people? Where are they? What are they doing? How do they feel? Can you think of any other ideas?

6 Brainstorm ideas (2) Mind map Think of as many ideas related to Ocean Park as possible Put them into groups and draw a mind map

7 (2) Mind map Ocean Park Go on rides Watch sea animals Roller Coaster Cable car dolphins jellyfish restaurants pandas ? Can you think of any more ideas? Main ideas Supporting details under the main idea Other ideas

8  What: the thing or action  When: the time  Where: the place  Who: the people  Why: the reason ……  How: the way something happens  How many: the number of something  How much: the price …… Brainstorm ideas (3) Question words Use ‘wh-’ words and ‘how’ question words to brainstorm ideas of different areas, e.g.

9 (3) Question words When? Where? What (did you do)? Who? Why? How (did you feel)? today Ocean Park went on rides, watched sea animals, watched the pandas… my aunt and I she came to visit Hong Kong excited, happy

10 While-writing

11 (1) Topic sentences Use topic sentence to introduce the main idea of a paragraph We went on the rides as soon as we arrived at Ocean Park. We queued up for the roller coaster. There were many people and we waited for about 40 minutes. But the ride was exciting! Then we went on the pirate ship. We screamed while the ship was swinging. We enjoyed all the rides. A topic sentence is usually put at the beginning of a paragraph.

12 (2) Supporting details We went on the rides as soon as we arrived at Ocean Park. We queued up for the roller coaster. There were many people and we waited for about 40 minutes. But the ride was exciting! Then we went on the pirate ship. We screamed while the ship was swinging. We enjoyed all the rides. 1. Use examples to support the main idea of the paragraph Examples of the rides Main idea

13 (2) Supporting details I think Ocean Park is a good place to visit. My aunt and I had great fun there. We not only enjoyed the exciting rides, but we also watched many sea animals. The view in the park was also very beautiful. We took a lot of pictures. 2. Give reasons to support the main idea of the paragraph These sentences explain why Ocean Park is a good place to visit. Main idea

14 (2) Supporting details We went on the rides as soon as we arrived at Ocean Park. We queued up for the roller coaster. There were many people and we waited for about 20 minutes. But the ride was exciting! Then we went on the pirate ship. We screamed while the ship was swinging. We enjoyed all the rides. 3. Use relevant vocabulary items These are some vocabulary items of a theme park.

15 (2) Supporting details I think Ocean Park is a good place to visit. My aunt and I had great fun there. We not only enjoyed the exciting rides, but we also watched many lovely sea animals. The view in the park was also very beautiful. We took a lot of pictures. 4. Use appropriate adjectives These are some adjectives to describe the writer’s feeling towards the things in Ocean Park.

16 (3) Linking ideas When we got to Ocean Park, we quickly queued up for the roller coaster. There were many people, but we still waited patiently… After going on the rides, we went to see the sea animals. We watched a dolphin show. We also went to the jellyfish aquarium… Use connectives to link up ideas

17 More connectives Cause: because, since, as Addition: and, too, also, besides Contrast: but, however, yet, on the other hand Purpose: in order to, so as to Result: therefore, as a result Sequence: first, then, after that, finally These connectives can link up short, separate sentences and make the paragraph more natural.

18 Formats

19 What happened How you think and feel (1) Diary Date and weather

20 (2) Informal letter Recipient Opening Main body Ending Date Sender Closing

21 (3) Formal letter Salutation Opening Main body Ending Date Sender Sender’s address Subject Closing Recipient’s address

22 Different tones in informal and formal letters Hi Chris, How are you? I’m fine. Please write soon. All the best, Regards, Love, Dear Mr Chan, Dear Sir / Madam, I am writing to… With reference to… I would be grateful… Yours sincerely, Yours faithfully, Informal lettersFormal letters

23 (4) Article / Essay Introduction introduce the topic Main body main idea 1 + supporting details main idea 2 + supporting details main idea 3 + supporting details Conclusion sum up the ideas share your viewpoint

24 (5) Story Beginning introduce the setting and the characters Development Introduce the plot / problem Climax the most important or exciting part Ending Explain how the problem is solved

25 Post-writing

26 Proofreading Reserve 5-10 minutes Check the language - tenses - spelling Check the format (especially letters) Check the number of words (about 150 words)

27 - The End -


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