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Modern Genetics Beyond Dom. & Recessive Punnett Squares Genotypes & Phenotypes Probability. Gregor Mendel 100 200 300 400 500 FINAL JEOPARDY FINAL JEOPARDY.

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Presentation on theme: "Modern Genetics Beyond Dom. & Recessive Punnett Squares Genotypes & Phenotypes Probability. Gregor Mendel 100 200 300 400 500 FINAL JEOPARDY FINAL JEOPARDY."— Presentation transcript:

1 Modern Genetics Beyond Dom. & Recessive Punnett Squares Genotypes & Phenotypes Probability. Gregor Mendel FINAL JEOPARDY FINAL JEOPARDY

2 Gregor Mendel answer100 answer This is the branch of science that studies the inheritance of traits

3 Gregor Mendel question100 question Genetics

4 Gregor Mendel answer200 answer Chemical factors that determine traits are called a) Alleles b) Genes c) Traits d) Characters

5 Gregor Mendel question200 question B) Genes

6 Gregor Mendel answer300 answer This is an organism that has identical alleles for a particular trait

7 Gregor Mendel question300 question Homozygous Pure – Bred True - Breeding

8 Gregor Mendel answer400 answer This is an organism that has different alleles for a particular trait

9 Gregor Mendel question400 question Heterozygous Hybrid

10 Gregor Mendel answer500 answer Mendel’s Principal of Dominance states this

11 Gregor Mendel question500 question “some alleles are dominant and some alleles are recessive”

12 Probability answer100 answer When you flip a coin, this is the probability that it will come up tails

13 Probability question100 question ½ or 50%

14 Probability answer200 answer If you were to flip a coin 10 times and each toss came up tails, what would be the chance that you would flip heads on the 11 th toss?

15 Probability question200 question ½ or 50%

16 Probability answer300 answer This term refers to the likelihood that a particular event will occur

17 Probability question300 question Probability

18 Probability answer400 answer The principle of probability can be used to a) Predict the traits of the offspring produced by genetic crosses b) Determine the actual outcomes of genetic crosses c) Predict the traits of the parents used in genetic crosses d) Decide which organisms are best to use in genetic crosses

19 Probability question400 question A) Predict the traits of the offspring produced by genetic crosses

20 Probability answer500 answer The principle of segregation states that the 2 alleles (mom and dad information) must split so that each copy carries only a single copy of each gene in which gamete making process…

21 Probability question500 question Meiosis

22 Genotypes & Phenotypes answer 100 answer Using the key, determine the phenotype Key GreenG Yellowg Gg

23 Genotypes & Phenotypes question100 question Green Gg Key GreenG Yellowg

24 Genotypes & Phenotypes answer200 answer Using the key, determine the phenotype of a homozygous dominant parent Key TallS Shorts

25 Genotypes & Phenotypes question200 question Homozygous dominant - SS Key TallS Shorts

26 Genotypes & Phenotypes answer300 answer Using the key determine the phenotype of a yyRr parent Key YellowY Greeny RoundR Wrinkledr

27 Genotypes & Phenotypes question300 question yyRr – Green Round Key YellowY Greeny RoundR Wrinkledr

28 Genotypes & Phenotypes answer400 answer Using the key determine the genotype of a parent that is heterozygous tall, yellow Key TallT Shortt RedR Yellowr

29 Genotypes & Phenotypes questionquestion Heterozygous tall, yellow - Ttrr Key TallT Shortt RedR Yellowr

30 Genotypes & Phenotypes answer500 answer Using the key, determine the genotypes of a pair of parents that are both heterozygous black trotters Key BlackT Whitet TrottingR Pacingr

31 Genotypes & Phenotypes question500 question Pair of parents that are both heterozygous black trotters TtRr x TtRr Key BlackT Whitet TrottingR Pacingr

32 Punnett Squares answer100 answer Give the phenotypic ratio for the following Bb x Bb Key BrownB Whiteb Bb BBBBb b bb

33 Punnett Squares question 100 question Phenotypic Ratio – 4 Brown Bb x Bb Key BrownB Whiteb Bb BBBBb b bb

34 Punnett Squares answer200 answer Give the genotypic ratio for the following GG x Gg Key Green G Yellowg GG GGG gGg

35 Punnett Squares question 200 question Genotypic Ratio - 2 GG, 2 Gg GG x Gg Key Green G Yellowg GG GGG gGg

36 Punnett Squares answer 300 answer Using the key, if you were to cross a true breeding tall plant with a true breeding short plant give the genotypic and phenotypic ratio for the 4 offspring Key TallT Shortt

37 Punnett Squares question 300 question True breeding tall (TT) x True breeding short (tt) Genotypic Ratio – 4 Tt Phenotypic Ratio – 4 Tall Key TallT Shortt TT tTt t

38 Punnett Squares answer400 answer If you were to cross 2 heterozygous tall, red parents (TtRr x TtRr), the resulting phenotypic ratio would be

39 Punnett Squares question 400 question 9 : 3 : 3 : 1

40 Punnett Squares answer500 answer If you were to cross 2 heterozygous black labs (BbEe x BbEe), the resulting phenotyic ratio would be

41 Punnett Squares question 500 question 9 : 3 : 4 9 – black 3 – brown 4 - yellow

42 Beyond Dominant & Recessive answer 100 answer What principal states that during gamete formation, genes for different traits separate without influencing each other's inheritance (results in the mixing and matching of traits, therefore dominant alleles aren’t always stuck with dominant and vice versa)

43 Beyond Dominant & Recessive question 100 question Principal of Independent Assortment

44 Beyond Dominant & Recessive answer 200 answer The pattern of inheritance that there are more than 2 variations of a trait (ex: green eyes, blue eyes, hazel eyes, brown eyes)

45 Beyond Dominant & Recessive question 200 question Multiple Alleles

46 Beyond Dominant & Recessive answer 300 answer The pattern of inheritance that results in a blending of alleles in offspring

47 Beyond Dominant & Recessive question 300 question Incomplete Dominance

48 Beyond Dominant & Recessive answer 400 answer The pattern of inheritance which results in more than one phenotype showing up in offspring

49 Beyond Dominant & Recessive question 400 question Codominance

50 Beyond Dominant & Recessive answer 500 answer The pattern of inheritance that is responsible for the yellow coat color in Labs

51 Beyond Dominant & Recessive question 500 question Polygenic Traits

52 Modern Genetics answer 100 answer This is the name of the “father of modern day genetics”

53 Modern Genetics question 100 question Thomas Hunt Morgan

54 Modern Genetics answer 200 answer Unlike Gregor Mendel, the father of modern day genetics utilized this organism as a specimen

55 Modern Genetics question 200 question Fruit Flies

56 Modern Genetics answer 300 answer Give 2 of the 3 reasons why the father of modern day genetics chose his specimen to perform genetic crosses

57 Modern Genetics question 300 question 1. They are small 2. Reproduce quickly 3. Are inexpensive to get and keep

58 Modern Genetics answer 400 answer This is a diagram that shows the relative locations of each gene on a chromosomes

59 Modern Genetics question 400 question Gene Map

60 Modern Genetics answer 500 answer Gene Maps are based on a) The frequencies of crossing-over between genes b) Independent assortment c) Genetic diversity d) The number of genes in a cell

61 Modern Genetics question 500 question a) The frequencies of crossing-over between genes

62 Final Jeopardy Answer begin This is the name of the process (which means act of stopping) that causes the yellow coat color in labs

63 Final Jeopardy Question Epistasis


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