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TURNER SYNDROME 1)Daikidou Dimitra – Vasileia 2)Halkiadaki Evangelia.

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Presentation on theme: "TURNER SYNDROME 1)Daikidou Dimitra – Vasileia 2)Halkiadaki Evangelia."— Presentation transcript:

1 TURNER SYNDROME 1)Daikidou Dimitra – Vasileia 2)Halkiadaki Evangelia

2 What is Turner Syndrome? Relatively common disorder caused by the loss of genetic material from one of the sex chromosomes. Affects only females

3 Symptoms

4 Clinical features Short stature ( cm tall) Loss of ovarian function Hormone imbalances( thyroid, diabetes) Stress and emotional deprivation Diseases affecting the kidneys, heart, lungs or intestines Bone diseases Learning problems( esp. in maths)

5 Genetic causes X chromosome monosomy X chromosome mosaicism X chromosome defects

6 Diagnosis Possible during infancy or early childhood A physical exam is the first indication The best test is a karyotype, ie a laboratory test presenting the chromosomes

7 Treatment Growth hormone therapy Estrogen replacement therapy Cardiac surgery (when needed) In vitro fertilization (to achieve pregnancy) Psychological help

8 Is Turner Syndrome “hereditary”? Although it is a genetic disorder, it is not usually hereditary There are no known environmental causes of the syndrome Women with Turner Syndrome are usually infertile


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