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History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 1 Instructor E-Sources PowerPoint™ Presentation Chapter 8 Texas in the Age of Agrarian Discontent The History of Texas Harlan Davidson, Inc.
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 2 Learning Outcomes (8) Comprehend the factors that led to agrarian discontent, appreciate the advantages and disadvantages of Texas economic development, think about the implications of labor organization, understand the differences in political philosophies of the late 1800s.
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 3 Chapter 8 The Age of Agrarian Discontent Economic developmentEconomic development – The Railroads Land Grant Law Laying track Consequences Lumber, Mills & Gins – Lumber, Mills & Gins Entrepreneurs Labor Manufacturing Cotton bale at Galveston before compression
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 4 The Age of Agrarian Discontent Economic developmentEconomic development – Minerals Oil Coal & iron ore Salt Labor Unions – Labor Unions Background ~ early unionization in Texas Strikes Texas State Federation of Labor (TSFL)
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 5 The Age of Agrarian Discontent Economic developmentEconomic development – Agriculture CommercializationCommercialization The New South argumentThe New South argument CottonCotton – Education & Public Services PrisonsPrisons EducationEducation –Public school system reorganization –Higher education
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 6 Agriculture Jesse Boyd plowing Charlie Swenson’s farm, in late 1890s or early 1900s
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 7 State Services Prisoners ~ stone quarry, Marble Falls, ca 1880
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 8 Texas Politics Texas Politics, 1876-1890Texas Politics, 1876-1890 – Democratic Party supremacy – Conservative dominance Maintaining the status quo Texas State Capitol completed – The Challengers The Republican Party The Greenback Party The push for reform
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 9 Texas Politics Texas Politics, 1876-1890Texas Politics, 1876-1890 – Agrarian Organizations The Patrons of Husbandry ~ the Grange –Cooperative ventures –Moderate reforms Texas Farmers’ Alliance –Political activism –The Dawes Formula –The “Cleburne Demands” –Alliance men and 3 rd party politics –Hard time and Populism
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 10 Texas Politics Texas Politics, 1886-1900Texas Politics, 1886-1900 – Reform Democrats Gov. James S. Hogg The Railroad Commission The “Hogg Laws” – Populism in Texas The Subtreasury Plan The Populist Crusade ~ a secular religion White and Black voters The campaign of 1896
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 11 The Age of Agrarian Discontent Texas at Century’s endTexas at Century’s end – The Populist legacy Terrell Election Laws (1903, 1907) Jim Crow laws The passive southern state tradition – The passive southern state tradition Segregation One party politics The decline of agricultural politics – The decline of agricultural politics – Urbanism
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 12 Key Words & Terms (8) Land Grant Law (1876) Permanent School Fund Fifty Cent La "cowtown" Spindletop Capitol Boycott Knights of Labor Great Southwestern Strike James S. Hogg Albert R. Parsons Alien Land Law Law of 1884 Morrill Act (1862) "The Lost Cause” Railroad Commission Greenback Party (1870s) prohibitionists ("drys") Anti-prohibitionists ("wets") Norris Wright Cuney Texas State Grange/Patrons of Husbandry Texas Farmers Alliance ~ Lampasas, TX Colored Farmers Alliance Charles W. Macune SubTreasury Plan Populism
Unit 10- Age of Oil-BLACK GOLD!!! Texas History Bonham Middle School
Today’s Activity Use a multi-flow map like the one below to analyze the early Texas reforms. EARLY REFORMS IN TEXAS The Grange Farmer’s Alliance REFORMS.
January 21, The United States provoked a war with Mexico to settle the dispute over the Texas border. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which.
PROBLEMS FOR FARMERS, CORRUPT POLITICS, AND JAMES K. VARDAMAN Chapter 7.
Populism in the Gilded Age Unit 5 Chapter 16. Nativism and Jim Crow Chart: African American Representation in CongressChart: African American Representation.
A New South?: The South, North vs. South in 1861 Wealth: 25% Farmland: 25% Railroad Milage: 29% Factory Production: 9% Population: 29%
An Age of Reform Chapter Chapter 21.
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 1 Instructor E-Sources PowerPoint™ Presentation Chapter 13 The Emergence of Modern Texas Politics The.
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 1 Instructor E-Sources PowerPoint™ Presentation Chapter 10 Progressivism in Texas The History of Texas.
Agricultural Problems and Gilded Age Politics. Problems of the American Farmer During the Gilded Age Overproduction Tariff Policy Monetary Policy – Hard.
Farmers Organize Agriculture’s Decline 1860: 50% of wealth and 30% of national income 1910: 20% of wealth and 18% of income Agriculture’s Response 1867.
The Populists Part I. SCH Ch. 16. The Bourbon Democrats Wade Hampton is elected Governor – 1876 Wade Hampton is elected Governor – 1876 Former Confederate.
Populism Americans Seek Prosperity and Opportunity.
Chapter 8 Texas in the Age of Agrarian Discontent.
Changes on the Western Frontier Chapter 5.
Mr. President, I’m afraid several of our students missed some key questions on their CBA tests. What do you mean they missed “some” key questions? Didn’t.
The Economic, Social, and Political Environment. Major Themes Economic: Big business v. workers Big business v. farmers Social: Urban growth Anti-immigrant.
Railroads SOCIAL STATION ECONOMIC STATION POLITICAL STATION.
Reconstruction Wade-Davis – Congressional Reconstruction Andrew Johnson vs. Radical Republicans Black Codes Congressional Reconstruction 13 th, 14 th,
The Farmer’s Revolt. Farmers Organize Agriculture’s Decline 1860: 50% of wealth and 30% of national income 1910: 20% of wealth and 18% of income Agriculture’s.
The Rise and Fall of the Populist Party
Chapter 19 Economic Change and the Crisis of the 1890s Web.
The Gilded Age Agrarian Revolt. Causes of Farm Decline Natural Factors: Drought Fire Blizzards Insects Erosion Market Factors: Falling.
Chapter 18: Bourbons, Populists, and Progressives STUDY PRESENTATION © 2010 Clairmont Press.
Question of the Day In America, what actions do you have if you feel neither major party represents you? Homework: Review Chapter 16 Section 3.
FARMERS & THE POPULIST MOVEMENT Chapter 5 Section 3 US History (EOC)
History of the American Political Parties. First Two-Party System Federalists v. Republicans, 1780s –Federalists w Favored strong central government.
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 1 Instructor E-Sources PowerPoint™ Presentation Chapter 6 Reconstruction, Republicanism, and “Redemption”
Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 4 Issues of the Gilded Age Understand the segregation and social tensions that troubled the nation during.
Chapter Twenty Commonwealth and Empire, 1870–1900 The Populist Movement.
Chapter 6 Section 4. Populism was a movement to increase farmers political power and to pass laws in their interest. An example: One problem that concerned.
Reconstruction and the Rise of the New South
Life on the Plains. grasslands in west-central portion of the U.S. East: hunting, farming villages; west: nomadic hunting, gathering Buffalo provides.
Demands for Reform Chapter 19 Section 3. I. Monopolies Use Unfair Tactics In the late 1800s, large companies that operated in Texas joined together and.
Politics in the Gilded Age City Bosses, Political Machines, and Populism Politics in the Gilded Age City Bosses, Political Machines, and Populism.
The Populist Movement. Growing urban populations had to be fed Farmers responded by planting more crops and raising more animals each year Farmers.
Chapter Twenty Commonwealth and Empire, 1870–1900.
S4 Farmers in Protest Farmers faced high shipping costs by the railroads. High cost of manufactured goods. High interest rates charged by bankers.
Populism “My Life Has Value!”. What is Populism? A People’s Movement A movement seeking to aid interests of farmers and the working class against the.
Exploring American History Unit VI – A Growing America Chapter 18 Section 3 – Farming and Populism.
Calls for Reform Essential Questions: Why do people make economic choices?
What is populism? A movement to increase farmers’ (common people’s) political power and to work for legislation in their interest.
Ch Farmers and the Populist Movement. Section Objectives 1.Identify the problems farmers faced and their cooperative efforts to solve them. 2. Explain.
Populism A Farmer’s Movement. The Farmer’s Plight 1/3 of Americans were ag workers ↑ costs, ↓ prices, parasites, ↑ interest rates South – 1/3 tenant.
Topic 10.4: Farmers and Populism Unrest in Rural America –Falling Prices and Rising Debt Greenbacks: U.S. paper money Inflation: money loses value, higher.
Progressive Movement Comparison. Populism Populism was a nationwide movement of rural Americans who felt that they had not benefited from the growth of.
Unrest in Rural America In the 1890s, a political movement called Populism emerged to increase the political power of farmers and to work for legislation.
Section 6-4. Unrest in Rural America Populism- a movement to increase farmers’ political power and to work for legislation in their interest. Farmers.
Section 2-Populism Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Chapter Objectives Section 2: Populism I can explain why.
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