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Changes on the Western Frontier 1877-1900 Chapter 5.

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Presentation on theme: "Changes on the Western Frontier 1877-1900 Chapter 5."— Presentation transcript:

1 Changes on the Western Frontier Chapter 5

2 5.1 Cultures Clash on the Prairie C ulture of the Plains Indians  What were the characteristics of the Plains Indians culture?  How did the culture of white settlers differ from that of the Plains Indians?  Why did settlers continue to push westward?

3 5.1 Cultures Clash on the Prairie Government restrict/bloody battles  How did the government attempt to deal with the growing conflict between Native Americans and white settlers?  Why did the Black Hills become a contested territory between Native Americans and white settlers?  What were the consequences of the defeat of General Custer’s forces?

4 5.1 Cultures Clash on the Prairie Assimilation/Wounded Knee  What was the Dawes Act and what goals did it seek to achieve?  Why was the destruction of the buffalo so detrimental to the Native American way of life?  What were the causes and consequences of the Battle of Wounded Knee?

5 5.1 Cultures Clash on the Prairie Cattle Becomes Big Business  What influence did Spanish ranchers have on the American cowboy?  How did the growth on railroads and cities impact the cattle business?  Where did the Chisholm Trail run?

6 5.1 Cultures Clash on the Prairie Cowboy Life/End of Open Range  How did the cowboy life differ from the popular conception of it?  What was the long drive?  What factors helped to bring an end to the open range?

7 5.1 DQ’s & Notes  How did the discovery of gold affect the settlement of the West?  What happened at Sand Creek?  What were the terms of the Treaty of Fort Laramie? Why did it fail?  What happened at the Battle of Little Big Horn?  What was the purpose of the Dawes Act?  What happened at Wounded Creek?

8 5.2 Settling the Great Plains  Why did settlers move westward to farm?  New life, opportunities?  Railroads sold land…  Homestead Act…  Close of frontier – Indian territory – Oklahoma and the Sooners/Boomers…

9 5.2 Settling the Great Plains  How did settlers meet the challenges of the Great Plains?  Homes out of land – dugouts and sods…  Women worked along side men – women’s roles – yeah right!!!  Inventions – John Deere & steel plow, Cyrus McCormick & reaper machine saying “you reap what you sow”, barbed wire, etc.

10 5.2 Settling the Great Plains  Education Morrill Act 1862 – agricultural colleges Hatch Act 1887 – agricultural experiments – farmers up to date about techniques LEAD TO…  DEBT$$$ New machines, land, shipping cost…

11 5.3 Farmers & Populist Movement Farmers Unite to Address Common Problems  Foreclosures – mortgage for loans (land, supplies, seed, etc…)  Railroads overcharged – no competition.  Economics – not enough money in circulation – Greenbacks pulled.  Alliances – Grange – inform isolated farmers, fight RR, organize farmers.  Farmers Alliance (south & west) educate about loans, gov. control over RR & Banks.  Colored Farmers National Alliance.

12 5.3 Farmers & Populist Movement The Rise and Fall of Populism  Platform 1. Increase money supply 2. Increase price for goods & services 3. Graduated income tax 4. Federal loan program 5. U.S. Senator elected by popular vote 6. Single term Pres & V.P. 7. Secret ballot 8. 8 hr. workday

13 5.3 Farmers & Populist Movement The Rise and Fall of Populism  Populist ideas adopted by the Democratic Party.  Panic of 1893…  Recession led to depression.  Businesses closed, lost jobs, Bank run, too much debt, banks closed.  Dec 1894 – 1/5 unemployed, farm families suffer.

14 5.3 Farmers & Populist Movement The Rise and Fall of Populism  Silver or Gold – (backed by paper money)  Political Issue  Republicans – Business owners/bankers  Democrats – farmers/laborers  “Silverites” favored bimetallism – more money in circulation  Paper money backed by gold and silver  But…less value per dollar – (hope to get economy going)

15 5.3 Farmers & Populist Movement The Rise and Fall of Populism  “Gold Bugs” – favored Gold standard  Expensive, more staple  Fewer people with money  1896 Presidential election  William McKinley (R) v. William Jennings Bryan (D)  End of Populism w/ election of McKinley

16 5.3 Farmers & Populist Movement The Rise and Fall of Populism  Legacy  Workers & Poor can organize  List reforms  20 th Century Progressives


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