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Dr. John Barletta, Ph.D., M.A.P.S. Counselling, Consulting, & Clinical Psychologist Grange, Brisbane © 2009 John Barletta
Discuss... Why are you attending this presentation? If your time in this session was well spent, what would you leave with? © 2009 John Barletta
The Brief To present on personal development with particular reference to work-life balance... review how you are doing, & how to enhance your life when you want more balance or focus. © 2009 John Barletta
My focus for today 1. Work-life balance can be tough, but it ain’t impossible. 2. Getting the balance right is really worth it. 3. For things to change means you have to make some changes. 4. Happiness is the ultimate goal / outcome. © 2009 John Barletta
Wikipedia definition The expression ‘work-life balance’ was first used in 1986 in the USA (although had been used in the UK from the late 1970s by organisations such as New Ways to Work, & the Working Mother's Association) to help explain the unhealthy life choices that many people were making. They were choosing to neglect other important area of their lives such as family, friends, & hobbies in favour of work-related chores & goals. AKA ‘Work-life Interference.’ Aim: Low conflict...high satisfaction! © 2009 John Barletta
Discussion: In Balance Consider a time when things were in balance: Who noticed first? What were the signs? How great was it? What were you doing? What did you do to get on that track? Who helped you get in such good shape? How long did it ultimately last? What ongoing impact does it have on you? What did you learn? (about- yourself / others / change) © 2009 John Barletta
Search for Balance (CareerOne, 2008) (n=1129) Most Important 1 Work-life balance 2 Quality of employer 3 Salary & incentives 4 Opportunity for career progression 5 Workplace culture 6 Reputation of company 7 Flexible remuneration packages 8 Workplace facilities © 2009 John Barletta
Search for Balance (CareerOne, 2009) (n=855) Happiness 14% completely happy 58% mostly happy 26% not happy Stress Factors 59% unrealistic expectations about workload 41% management 28% workmates © 2009 John Barletta
Search for Balance (CareerOne, 2009) (n=855) Would change job for - 1 Money 2 Better career opportunity 3 Better Work-Life Balance © 2009 John Barletta
Psychology is about CHANGE The problem for most people is not information, but motivation & commitment. © 2009 John Barletta
Stages of Change Pre-contemplation (no intentions) Contemplation (ambivalence / considering) Preparation (some commitment) Action (new behaviours) Maintenance (working consistently over time) Termination (self-efficacy, 100% confidence) © 2009 John Barletta
Charles Darwin “It is not the strongest of the species that survive, nor the most intelligent, but the ones most responsive to change.” © 2009 John Barletta
Harmony in life You can not tell the shape of a violin by the sound…whether it’s a traditional style, asymmetrical, trapezoidal, or whatever…they all sound exactly the same. Even with an inconsistency of wood thickness a Stradivarius sounds great. Like us, who are all differently formed & developed, we all have the potential to do well. © 2009 John Barletta
Context for Work-Life Balance We work more, have more demands, are more competitive, & have less security. With minimal free time, we are torn between the pressures of employment & personal life. We need to earn a living, but we also need quantity time for our partner, family, friends & ourselves. © 2009 John Barletta
Context for Work-Life Balance We make unhealthy choices & neglect important areas of our lives. We experience burnout due to stress & overwork. We get to breaking point & experience a range of physical & emotional problems as a result. © 2009 John Barletta
Is Balance Bunk? If we work hard, we can have everything (risk: the cost may be too high)… If we cut back, we have just enough (risk: accomplish too little)… The striving for balance is making us crazy! © 2009 John Barletta
Components of Life Balance Areas of Well-Being & Wellness © 2009 John Barletta
Spheres of Life PHYSICAL COGNITIVE EMOTIONAL CREATIVE - CULTURAL RELATIONAL SOCIAL - COMMUNITY RELIGIOUS - SPIRITUAL WORK - CAREER FINANCIAL © 2009 John Barletta
Components of Balance Work - paid, voluntary, home duties, study Personal development - self esteem, emotions, thinking Social - family, friends, groups Spiritual - rituals, values, beliefs, heart Physical - exercise, sport, diet, health Relaxation - leisure, rest. © 2009 John Barletta
Wellness is… State of being in positive health, comprising a sustainable balance (i.e., mind, body, spirit) as an actively sought goal, and making choices toward a more successful existence that results in an overall feeling of quality of life and well-being (e.g., healthy, happy, prosperous). © 2009 John Barletta
Benefits of Balance Reduces stress & prevents burnout Increases health, energy & motivation Stimulates the immune system & promotes recovery from illness Increases well-being, “calm assertiveness” Encourages perspective-taking Promotes self-esteem, social support, connectedness, & happiness Increases productivity (employers are very keen on this!) © 2009 John Barletta
Recognising Imbalance The following may result from, or lead to, an imbalance… Decreased: energy, motivation, flexibility, connection with others, health, performance. Increased: stress, frustration, worry, negative attitude to self / others / work, alcohol & drug use. © 2009 John Barletta
Signs of Imbalance Psychological Sx Irritability, helplessness, anhedonia, apathy, sadness, guilt, worthlessness, poor memory / concentration, sense of failure, cynicism, difficulty making decisions, bottling-up anger, difficulty in letting go & laughing, low self-esteem, feeling let down, pessimism, paranoia, absence of a confidant, impatience, self-neglect. © 2009 John Barletta
Signs of Imbalance Physical Sx Changes to - sleep, appetite, indigestion, bowel motions, libido, energy. Tiredness, nausea, breathlessness, rashes, infections, teeth grinding, sweating, headaches, fatigue, cramps, chest pains, tachycardia, crying spells or desire to cry, restlessness, elevated blood pressure. © 2009 John Barletta
Ways to Ensure you Stay Stressed Practice nasty, mean, embarrassing, humiliating, hateful behaviours to others Do not communicate openly by expressing feelings Harbour resentment & complain often Don’t feel confident in your skills or beliefs to express your opinions or concerns Excessively use blame, excuses & denial © 2009 John Barletta
Ways to Ensure you Stay Stressed Don’t develop a support system of any kind Become a workaholic Avoid the urge to manage your time Procrastinate, Procrastinate, Procrastinate Don’t get enough sleep or rest; push yourself, over-think, ruminate Don’t exercise regularly; actually, don’t exercise at all © 2009 John Barletta
Ways to Ensure you Stay Stressed Eat & drink anything you want (junk food, caffeine) Increase your intake of drugs (alcohol, tobacco) Ignore whatever you read about the benefits of meditation Adopt a disorderly haste in your work (be reactive) Keep your problems to yourself Make every effort not to have fun © 2009 John Barletta
Ways to Ensure you Stay Stressed Use Feng Shui, Bach Flower remedies, Reiki, crystals, Homeopathy, Reflexology & any other non-proven treatments for relief believing they actually might help Remain inflexible, narrow-minded, bigoted, & avoid change Keep work & play imbalanced Spend no time cultivating self-understanding Set no goals & make no plans! © 2009 John Barletta
Personal Coping Options AVOIDANT (flight) ‘Escape’ Wait (hold your breath) RUMINATIVE (freeze / faint) ‘Surrender’ Wallow (continue to be miserable) APPROACH (fight) ‘Counterattack’ Action (direct problem-solving). © 2009 John Barletta
How to Thrive (not just Survive) Assume responsibility for your survival (be proactive) Use your strengths (exceptions) to cope Don’t accept what others define as the inevitable Be hopeful, not helpless (what you focus on you amplify) With low mood, appraisals are distorted…therefore you must focus on positives Develop a caring approach to self…being stressed is self-abuse! Recognise when you are choosing to do too much (or being exploited) & be assertive © 2009 John Barletta
How to Thrive (not just Survive) Use time management approaches to identify use of time & be more constructive with it Set clear goals, maintain & evaluate them Set attainable standards for yourself, & others Identify the skills you need to work more effectively / efficiently, & acquire them Have the courage to do / say what you believe is right © 2009 John Barletta
How to Thrive (not just Survive) Cultivate positive relationships with colleagues & managers Establish a supportive network both at work & beyond Leave work behind when you are not there… distance yourself Balance work commitments with responsibilities beyond it Take all the time off you are entitled to (employers regret inviting me at this point!) Take care of ( & spoil) yourself with nice things © 2009 John Barletta
How to Thrive (not just Survive) Identify job stress factors, & activate change Postpone major life changes Resolve personal conflicts Continue to do the things you enjoy Control your work Exercise & meditate regularly Seek help (family, friends, eap, gp, priest, psych/counsellor). © 2009 John Barletta
Tips for Work Balance Know your role / responsibilities Accept limits (time, energy, skills) Take proper breaks (energise) Manage workload (prioritising / delegating) Slow down Talk with colleagues (get support & opinions) Cultivate a sense of humour, fun & creativity Learn to say ‘No’ © 2009 John Barletta
Tips for Work Balance Think ahead & set achievable goals Maintain interest / curiosity in work; stay fresh by learning & problem-solving Focus on the positive aspects of work & your personal life (recall these often) Learn “The Serenity Prayer” © 2009 John Barletta
Serenity Prayer Grant me the Serenity to accept the things I cannot change, Courage to change the things I can, & Wisdom to know the difference. © 2009 John Barletta
Courage… …is not the absence of fear; it is the making of ACTION in spite of the fear: Commitment + Doubt + Action. There is ‘yes’ or ‘no’… …‘try’ means you think it’s out of your control. We usually overestimate the likelihood of something bad happening & underestimate our capacity to cope. © 2009 John Barletta
Life’s ‘Sat Nav’ The process of making life changes should be like a car’s GPS / street navigation…it needs only 2 pieces of information: Where are you? Where do you want to be? NOT… do you love your Mother, what happened when you were 5, what are you afraid of, tell me about your crazy boss… © 2009 John Barletta
Changing Your Life Structured Problem Solving List your distressing problems (write them down) Identify the problem that is causing most distress Generate some options List advantages / disadvantages of each option, taking account of resources (e.g., strengths, people, $) Identify the best option to deal with the problem List the steps you need to carry out this option Implement the option & evaluate the outcome. © 2009 John Barletta
CHOOSING leads to Happiness… Cclarity of goals, direction, purpose Hhealthy living (not sick or tired) Ooptimism (positive about self, future, world) Oothers (all important relationships) Sstrengths (innate qualities/attributes) Eenjoy the moment (have fun, be grateful & appreciative). © 2009 John Barletta
Outcomes of Imbalance Burn out Rust out Compassion fatigue Vicarious traumatisation Euphoria →Happiness →Calm →Vulnerability → →Anxiety →Panic →Despair! © 2009 John Barletta
FATIGUE PHENOMENON Grand Adventure Fading Dream / Ambivalence Hanging in…transcendence! © 2009 John Barletta
The End THANK YOU
Contact: Consulting Rooms The Grange Practice Level 1, Suite 2, 3 Days Road (Cnr Gilbert Rd) Grange QLD 4051 Appointments: (07)
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