Presentation on theme: "Integrated ‘Children’s Centres’ in England"— Presentation transcript:
1Integrated ‘Children’s Centres’ in England Chris Pascal&Tony Bertram
2Social and Economic Priorities in UK Thatcher’s period of economic rationalism ensured UK’s economic cycle is different to most of EU1997 Blair inherits robust economy but high levels of:Child PovertyInequality & Social ExclusionWelfare DependencyEducational UnderachievementPoor Health and Well BeingIdentified as the ‘top level’ social and economic policy objectives.
3Action fromUK’s Early childhood lobby was successful politically in convincing Government of benefits of investing in a national integrated early childhood policyFrom 1997 Govt experimented by radically extending and reshaping services for children and families in England to provide integrated (education/care plus) and community led service delivery
4Experimentation and Innovation Introduced four targeted innovative programmes to explore and evaluate ideas of integration in action:Early Excellence Centre ProgrammeSure Start ProgrammeNeighbourhood Nursery InitiativeExtended Nursery and Extended Primary SchoolsEPPE Study (Sylva et al 2002, 4, 5), EEC Study (Pascal and Bertram 2002,3,4): effectiveness& good practice in integrated services.OECD Report (Bennett, 2000, 2006): commended investment and integrated practice but suggests too many initiatives and needs sustained funding.
52004 Children Act & 2006 Childcare Act A New Legal Framework2004 Children Act & 2006 Childcare Actfirst statutory entitlement in England to free integrated early education (from 3) and childcare (from birth) for all familiesRoot and branch reform of children AND family services at every level in England to ensure children and young people thrive within ‘safe’ communitiesCentre for Research in Early Childhood
6Universalisation and Amalgamation All experimental Programmes to be integrated with existing provision (state, private & voluntary) and universalisedEvery community in England to have a ‘Children’s Centre’ and/or ‘Extended School’ by 2010More integrated delivery at front line through multi-professional teams, including health, education and social servicesSignificant, stepped increases in Gov investment
7Children’s CentresChildren’s Centres and Extended Schools will provide community based, ‘joined up’ services for children and families, open from dawn to dusk, all year round, to provide as the core, access to:Education integrated with full day care;Parenting and family support;Health services;Adult training including workforce training;Employment advice;Childminder base and community hub.
8Children’s Centre Infrastructure Local Authority to be ‘parents’ champion’ and facilitate seamless, quality integrated services by extending existing state, private and voluntary provision in community-led partnerships (NB ‘subsidiarity’)Local‘Children’s Trusts’ combine existing Health, Education & Social Services budgets and plan, fund and commission integrated services tailored to local needsParents/carers and children to be more closely involved in design, delivery and management of services
9Understanding Integration Co-located services are NOT integrated servicesServices delivered through development of ‘multi-professional teams’ based in Children’s Centres/ SchoolsServices are led by community, family and children’s needs
105 Features of Integrated Service Shared philosophy, vision, codes of practicePerception by users of cohesive, common servicesPerception by multi-professional teams of shared identity and purposeCommitment by partner providers of services to pool resourcesInclusive leadership and management structure which reflects and supports integrated workingPascal and Bertram 2004
11Some ChallengesUnderstanding and agreeing vision – developing leadershipCreating multi-professional teams through a managed change processLong term finance and sustainabilityAccess and inclusionParticipative practice with children, parents and the local communityPascal and Bertram 2004
12Children’s Centres as Civic Institutions: Citizenship in Action “There is a set of issues about how we develop a community voice into children’s services. This will fail unless we are actively engaging children, their families and community, and finding ways which consistently and imaginatively make people feel they are participating in this agenda.”NCB Evidence to HoC Select Committee, ECM Enquiry, 2005