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UNIT 4 CHAPTER 16 SECTION 1 The Iberian Peninsula (Spain & Portugal) (pg 349-353)

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Presentation on theme: "UNIT 4 CHAPTER 16 SECTION 1 The Iberian Peninsula (Spain & Portugal) (pg 349-353)"— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIT 4 CHAPTER 16 SECTION 1 The Iberian Peninsula (Spain & Portugal) (pg )

2  Only 8 miles separate Morocco, Africa from the Iberian Peninsula at the Strait of Gibraltar  Spain and Portugal  Pyrenees Mountains and the microstate Andorra separates it from France

3 Andorra Pyrenees Spain Africa Spain surrounded by water = great sea faring country

4 Spain HISTORY & GOVERNMENT Analyze how past events have affected Spain. 700 AD- Arabic people from Africa called Moors invaded Iberia (brought Islamic religion, irrigation, new crops) 1492-Moors forced out by Christians 1500’s – use navy to build world wide empire 1800’s – lost most of empire, fought many wars about monarchy vs. democracy = civil war in Francisco Franco rules as dictator of Spain 1975-Today-constitutional monarchy (17 regions have autonomy or self government)

5 Government: Constitutional Monarchy Language: Spanish (Castilian, Basque & Catalan) (dev from Roman Latin + Arabic) Religion: Roman Catholic Cities: Madrid, Barcelona Culture: plazas, Moorish influence (horseshoe arches, geometric designs, names of places-p 354) Spain PEOPLE & CULTURE

6 Economy: clothing, ships, cars, tourism (traffic, pollution, overbuilding), agriculture (olive oil & wine, Valencia oranges)(corn, potatoes, tomatoes imported from their Am colonies) EU: joined 1986 (with Portugal) Spain ECONOMY

7 Unemployment Immigration (North Africans looking for jobs-none found) Independence Movements (Basques between Bay of Biscay & Pyrenees in northern Spain) Spain ISSUES & CHALLENGES

8 Roman rule Moorish rule Established colonies around the world Language: Portuguese (dev from Roman Latin + Arabic) Portugal HISTORY & CULTURE Compare & contrast Portugal & Spain.

9 Government: Democratic EU: joined 1986 (with Spain) Cities: Lisbon Economy: tourism, cork, wine Issues: Immigrants from northern Africa Portugal ECONOMY

10 UNIT 4 CHAPTER 16 SECTION 2 The Italian Peninsula (Italy) (pg ) Italy

11 ITALY Sicily & Sardinia North boundary –the Alps Known for architecture, literature, music, painting, sculpture

12  San Marino – the oldest city and one of two microstate in the regions; 300’s – Christians seeking to escape persecution; 23 sq miles  The Vatican – smallest country in the world (109 acres) (bank, post office, radio station)  Michelangelo painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel ITALIAN PENINSULA The Vatican San Marino

13 Roman Empire dominated the region’s history Gladiator fights were population at the Colosseum ITALY

14 Italy HISTORY Analyze how Italy’s history has affected it’s culture 500 BC-Roman Republic (Rome one of 1 st cities to have more than 1 million people)Spread laws, language (Romance languages-French, Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, Romanian & Spanish), architecture, urban life, Christianity (Rome houses Roman Catholic Church in Vatican City) Trade brought wealth (from new products and crafts) and new ideas (innovations) 400’s-collapse of Western Roman Empire ’s-Renaissance “rebirth” (daVinci, Michelangelo, Raphael) 1861-Italy becomes a united country WWI-fought with Allies (US, Eng, France) 1920-rise of Benito Mussolini WWII-fought with Axis powers (Italian Benito Mussolini allied with German Adolf Hitler) 1943-Mussolini overthrown 1943-Today-Democracy with changing governments 1958-help found the EU (one of 6 founding countries in Benelux, Italy, France Germany)

15 Italy PEOPLE & CULTURE Language: Italian (North-French, German, Slovene) Religion: Roman Catholic Cities: Rome on Tiber River (political & cultural center) Government: Democracy (no political majority =50 governments since WWII) Food: pastas, pastries, sauces, sausages (developed during Renaissance) Main meal at middle day, siesta, spend time with family & friends end of the day

16 North Italy South Italy Italy NORTH & SOUTH Describe what Italy is like today. North Italy – rich and industrialized North-Po River Valley= good farmland = “breadbasket of Italy” Today known for fine Leather & sports cars South Italy – poor and agriculture high poverty & unemployment, poor economy, soil erosion & deforestation; olives, citrus, grapes; less industry Sicily is where much of the food we enjoy comes from Where the mob comes from as well

17 Italy ISSUES & CHALLENGES Southern Economy needs to be improved Aging Population (low birthrates, no young workers to replace older ones, immigration adds to population) Pollution (traffic-limits # of trucks that can drive through historic center, smog, wear and tear to monuments)

18 Tower of Pisa Venice Italy When bad goes good.


20 UNIT 4 CHAPTER 16 SECTION 3 Greece & the Balkan Peninsula (Albania Bulgaria Romania Moldova Serbia Montenegro Kosovo Slovenia Macedonia Croatia Bosnia-Herzegovina,) (pg )

21 GREECE Parthenon built in 400 B.C. to Greek goddess Athena Surrounded by the Aegean, Crete, Ionian, and Mediterranean Seas Europe’s earliest and most advanced civilizations The Olympics (near Mount Olympus, Greece’s highest peak) and Marathons were started here, as well as Math and Democracy City-state – powerful self-governing cities

22 Greece HISTORY History of foreign rule: Persians Romans Turks Independence (1829) Civil War (after WWII) Democratic Government (1974)

23 Greece CULTURE, ECONOMY, ISSUES Language: Greek Religion: Greek Orthodox Christian (They had different views on topics such as the use of images (icons), the nature of the Holy Spirit, and the date on which Easter should be celebrated. Greek East has always tended to be more philosophical, abstract and mystical in its thinking) Food: baklava (Turkish food) Economy: move from agriculture to industrial EU: joined 1981 Challenges: illegal immigrants from Albania, traffic, pollution (smog) Economic Issues


25 BALKAN PENINSULA Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, and Macedonia. Outer region; Bosnia, Croatia, Romania, Serbia, and coming soon Turkey This region has a large mix of ethnic enclaves –A region completely surrounded by another region

26 Balkan Countries HISTORY WEST BALKANS Ottoman Turks Independence–form Yugoslavian monarchy Soviet Union control until 1980 Fights for independence EAST BALKANS Romans Byzantines Ottoman Turks Independence –late 1800s Soviet Union control until 1990s

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