Presentation on theme: "Southern Europe and the Balkans"— Presentation transcript:
1Southern Europe and the Balkans World Geography Today4/12/2017Southern Europe and the BalkansPreviewSection 1: The Iberian PeninsulaSection 2: The Italian PeninsulaSection 3: Greece and the Balkan PeninsulaChapter Wrap-UpChapter 16
2Section 1: The Iberian Peninsula Read to DiscoverHow have past events affected Spain?How is Portugal both similar to and different from Spain?
3Section 1: The Iberian Peninsula Effect of History on SpainGreat seafaring country, spreading language and religion around the worldRuled by various peoples—Romans, Moors, Christians—who brought religion, irrigation, new crops, crafts, trades, universitiesBuilt world empire in 1500sShaken by wars in 1800s and 1900sCivil war in 1936 led to Franco dictatorshipConstitutional monarchy today; 17 regions have different levels of autonomy
4Section 1: The Iberian Peninsula QuestionWhat are the similarities and differences between Spain and Portugal?
5Section 1: The Iberian Peninsula Comparison of Spain and Portugal Early HistoryColonial TerritoriesRecent HistoryLanguageReligionEconomySpainRomans, MoorsSpanish (Latin root), Basque, CatalanCatholicismAmericas, Pacific, AfricaDemocratic transition, independence movements, immigrationTourism, textiles, autos, agricultural productsPortugalRomans, MoorsPortuguese (Latin root)CatholicismBrazil, Angola, Mozambique, TimorEuropean Union, democracy, immigrationTourism, cork, wine
6Section 2: The Italian Peninsula Read to DiscoverHow has Italy’s history affected its culture?What is Italy like today?
8Section 2: The Italian Peninsula HISTORIC ITALYRomansHuge empire; developed language, laws, architecture; spread ChristianityMiddle AgesTrade in cities like Florence, Genoa, and Venice; increased wealthRenaissanceRenewed interest in learning; great developments in architecture, painting, and sculptureUnificationTremendous growth in economy and industry; membership in NATO and EU
11Section 2: The Italian Peninsula MODERN ITALYEconomyAgricultural and manufactured products sold around the world (automobiles, designer clothes, fine food); north: rich, industrial; south: poorer, agriculturalCultureRoman Catholic; Italian language; some northerners speak French, German, or Slovene; food: sauces, pastas, sausages, pastries; afternoon rest; famous historical buildings; democracyCurrent IssuesSouthern Italy’s economy with high poverty and unemployment; soil erosion and deforestation; aging population; low birthrate; pollution
13Section 2: The Italian Peninsula Effects of History on Italian CultureRoman Empire left strong cultural legacy—Language, laws, architectureGrowth of Roman Catholic Church had major impactTrade and wealth of Italian cities in Middle Ages produced Renaissance art and cultureMany foods can be traced to the 1400s
15Ferrari, Italian Sports car (mine’s in the shop)
16Section 2: The Italian Peninsula Italy TodayModern developed countryNoted exports—Cars, fashion, foodsTwo main economic regions—Industrial, wealthy north; poorer, agricultural southMain cities—Milan, Genoa, Turin, Rome, Bologna, Florence, Trieste, Venice, NaplesChallenges—Developing the south; aging population; pollution
17Section 3: Greece and the Balkan Peninsula Read to DiscoverHow did Greece develop into a modern country?Why are the western Balkans politically unstable?What changes are occurring in the eastern Balkans?
18Section 3: Greece and the Balkan Peninsula QuestionHow have the economy, society, and government of Greece changed over time?
19Section 3: Greece and the Balkan Peninsula EconomyOnce poor and agricultural, now modernizing and industrializing; joined EC in 1981; rapid urbanization causing pollutionSociety and CultureIncorporated foreign influences; great contributions to the arts, government, philosophy, science, and sports; higher levels of education; increasing opportunities for womenGovernmentHistorically, independent city-states; birthplace of democracy; controlled by Romans and Ottoman Turks; military rule after 1967; democracy since 1974
20Section 3: Greece and the Balkan Peninsula Western BalkansInclude Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia, Serbia, MontenegroPolitical instability in the western Balkans results from a long history of invasions, foreign control, and ethnic conflict.Area has one of the most diverse human populations in Europe.Ottoman Turks controlled much of the area by the late 1300s.
21Section 3: Greece and the Balkan Peninsula Western Balkans (continued)After World War I, various Slavic peoples (including the Bosnians, Croats, Macedonians, Montenegrins, Serbs, and Slovenes) united as Yugoslavia.Communist rule maintained unity after World War II.End of communism allowed revival of ethnic and political rivalries.Yugoslavia split up; violence erupted between Serbs, Croats, Muslims, and Albanians.
22Section 3: Greece and the Balkan Peninsula Eastern BalkansMany changes are taking place since the collapse of communism, during the difficult transition to democracy and free-market economies.Moldova—Struggling agricultural economyBulgaria—Seeking to attract modern industriesRomania—Trying to expand and diversify economyCommon Problems—Low standard of living, health care, clean water, housing, emigration
23Chapter Wrap-Up Understanding the Main Ideas World Geography Today4/12/2017Chapter Wrap-Up Understanding the Main IdeasHow have events in Spain’s history influenced other areas of the world?How does Portugal’s history mirror Spain’s?Which of Italy’s two major regions is the richest and most industrialized? Why?How has urbanization contributed to environmental problems in Greece?What factors have shaped the boundaries of Yugoslavia (now Serbia and Montenegro)?Chapter 16