2 ItalyOnce the center of a huge empire, Italy is now one of the most prosperous countries in Europe.
3 Italy: Ancient RomeRoman influences can still be seen today. All around the world, people owe their ideas about art, government, law, and language to Italy and its people.Built in the 700s BC as a tiny village, Rome grew to control nearly all of the land around the Mediterranean Sea. Romans helped spread Christianity.
4 Italy: The Renaissance When the Roman Empire collapsed, Italy’s cities formed their own states. These cities became major centers of trade and people became rich. The money helped support the arts which led to…The Renaissance!! a period of great creativity in Europe lasting from s. Many Italian artists and writers created some of the world’s greatest works of art and literature.
5 Unified Italy DEMOCRACY In the 1800s, Italy became a unified kingdom due to a strong sense of nationalism.In 1920s, Benito Mussolini became dictator. Italy was defeated in WWII and then became a democracy. Since the end of the war, Italy has developed one of the strongest economies in Europe.DEMOCRACYFrom him to
6 Italy ReligionMost people belong to the Roman Catholic Church, which has historically been the strongest influence on Italian culture. The city of Rome is home to hundreds of Catholic churches from all periods of history. Rome is one of the world’s most popular tourist sites because of its rich history
8 Italy ReligionThe pope (head of the Catholic church) lives on the Italian Peninsula in Vatican City – an independent state located within the city of Rome.
9 Italy ReligionVatican City is the smallest independent state in the world (both in area and in population) It is a landlocked enclave surrounded by the city of Rome. Enclave country within a countrySt. Peter’s Basilica
10 Italy TraditionsItalian food varies widely from region to region, but olives, tomatoes, rice, and pasta are common.
11 Italy TraditionsA picture from one of the many food festivals celebrated in Italy
12 Italy TraditionsItaly is a center of contemporary arts, and its people shape worldwide trends in fashion. Milan, the largest city in Italy, is a global fashion capital.
14 ItalyItaly has also produced some of the world’s greatest painters, sculptors, authors, composers, fashion designers, and filmmakers.
15 Italy TodaySouthern Italy: Southern Italy is the country’s poorer half. Its economy depends largely on agriculture because it has less industry than the north.
16 Italy TodaySouthern Italy: Farming is especially important in Sicily, an island at the peninsula’s tip. Tourism is very important part of southern Italy’s economy. Beautiful beaches and ancient Roman ruins attract many visitors.
18 Italy Today Southern Italy In recent years, Italy has tried to promote industry in the south by starting government programs and lowering taxes to companies that will build factories there. Many of these efforts involve the city of Naples, a busy port and now an industrial center.
19 Italy Today Northern Italy Northern Italy is the country’s richer half – includes the country’s most fertile farmland, major trade centers, and its most popular tourist destinations.
20 Italy Today Northern Italy Po River valley – best farmland, often called the breadbasket of ItalyMajor industrial centers in cities such as Turin and GenoaMilan is a major industrial center and famous for its fashion designRailroads, highways, and tunnels allowfor shipment of goods throughthe Alps
21 Italy Today Northern Italy Venice one of the country’s most visited tourist attractions. Instead of roads, there are canals because the city was built on islands – 118 of them! People move about the city on boats called gondolas.Florence – in northern Italy, a center of Italian art and culture, where the Renaissance beganRome does not fully belong to either the north or the south because it’s nestled in the center of the country. From there, the country’s leaders try to bring all the people of Italy together as one nation.