2Iberian Peninsula ●Analyze how past events have affected Spain. ●Compare and contrast Portugal and Spain.
3What countries are located on the Iberian Peninsula? Spain and Portugal
4What did the Moors bring to Iberia in the 700’s? Islamic religionNew irrigation techniquesCraftsNew cropsUniversitiesTrade
5List historical facts about Spain 700’s Moors invade and start to rule1492 Moors are driven out by the Christians from Rome, converting everyone to Roman Catholicism which is the main religion today.1500’s Spain has many over seas territories, due to a strong navy1800’s lost most of its territories, due to wars1939 terrible civil war, democracy vs. dictatorship, Francisco Franco wins.1975 Franco dies, return to democracy, 17 regions with different levels of autonomy, self governing, while still having a central governmentCurrently have a constitutional monarchy
7What is the most common feature of Spain's villages and cities? Plazas- or large open areas in the center of town, usually in front of the church
8What activities play a major role in the Spanish economy? ManufacturingTextiles, clothing, footwear, ships, cars, etcTourismCosta del Sol, Pyrenees, Balearic Is.AgricultureOlive oil, wine, oranges, corn, potatoes, tomatoes
9Where was Portugal’s Empire? Africa, Asia, South America
10Italian Peninsula●Analyze how Italy’s history has affected its culture.●Describe what Italy is like today.* What shape does that look like?
11List important facts about Rome. 1st city to hold 1 million peopleCenter of the Roman EmpireCapital of ItalyVatican City located inside, it is a completely independent country
12Give details about Italy Northern part became rich from tradeEven though the Alps separate it from the rest of Europe, it was the center of the Renaissance, which was a period from 1300s to 1500s marked by a renewed interest in learning in Europe.Italy was not a united country until 1861Member of the European Union and NATO
13What is the most famous part of Italian culture? FoodIt is not anything you see on the Jersey Shore
14Why is Rome important to Italy? Political & Cultural CenterCapital cityLargest cityMoney from TourismHistorical city
16Greece and the Balkan Peninsula ●Analyze how Greece developed into a modern country.●Explain why the western Balkans are politically unstable.●Describe the changes that are occurring in the eastern Balkans.
17Trace the history of government in Greece. City-States which was the start of democracy.Roman & Ottoman Turks controlled parts of Greece1829 Greece becomes and independent countryMany elected governments followed a Civil War, but military leaders took over in 19671974 return to democratic government
19What challenges does Greece have today? Still a poor country, even though it is a member of the European Union, the Olympics being held in Athens (capital) has helped.Immigrants from Albania taking jobsUrbanizing quickly, which has led to many urban problems (smog, traffic, & pollution)
20Which countries make up the Western Balkans? Albania (Europe’s poorest country)Bosnia (Herzegovina)CroatiaMacedoniaSloveniaSerbiaMontenegro* Serbia & Montenegro used to be combined to make Yugoslavia
21Discuss the governments of the Western Balkans Controlled by the Ottoman TurksWorld War I most of the countries won independence from the Ottoman EmpireYugoslavia formed to unite Slavic people, after World War I, Albania has remained independent since 1912World War II USSR occupied Balkans except for Greece, with was ruled by a dictator named TitoYugoslavia starts to split up1991 Slovenia & Croatia declare independence1992 Bosnia declares independence, Albania changes to democratic government
22What are some causes for economic challenges in the West Balkan countries? WarCorruption with in the governmentLack of industry with in the countries
23What countries make up the Eastern Balkans? Bulgaria/Romania/ Moldova
24Trace the Eastern Balkans road to independence. Historically controlled by the Romans, Byzantines, and Ottoman TurksGained independence from the Ottomans after their empire collapsed at the end of World War IDuring and after World War II, their were controlled by the USSRGained independence after the the fall of communism in 1990.
25What are contributors to Eastern Balkan underdeveloped economy? Lack of HousingLack of Health CareLack of Jobs
26Define Enclave Cork (Portugal is the world’s leading producer) City-StatesMicrostatesAreas that are completely surrounded by another region.Bark that is stripped from the trunks of cork oaks.Self-governing cities and their surrounding areas, as in ancient Greece.Very small countries, such as Andorra, Monaco, and San Marino