Presentation on theme: "Peptic Ulcer By: Allicia Kwakye Miss Tran TPJ-3MO."— Presentation transcript:
Peptic Ulcer By: Allicia Kwakye Miss Tran TPJ-3MO
What is Peptic Ulcer Ulcer occurs in the gastrointestinal tract It is acidic and very painful It caused by a spiral shaped bacterium that lives within the acidic area of the stomach Ulcers can developed or worsened by drugs such as Aspirin. Peptic Ulcer emerges frequently in the duodenum rather than the stomach. Duodenum is the first part of the small intestine
The Cause Chronic inflammation due to the Helicobacter pylori. It colonizes the antral mucosa. The bacterium can cause a chronically active gastritis. ( type B), resulting in a defect by the The bacterium can cause a chronically active gastritis. ( type B), resulting in a defect by the gastrin produce by that part of the stomach. NSAIDs such as ibuprofen penetrates the lining of the stomach and releases substances that damages cells. NSAIDs also blocks the natural chemicals (Prostaglandins) that helps and repair those cells. Chronic stress is strongly associated in the risk of developing Peptic Ulcer A combination of chronic stress and irregular meal time is significant to this risk of developing Peptic Ulcer. Also spicy food and alcohol is a risk for developing Peptic Ulcer.
Symptoms Gnawing or burning pain in the abdomen. This occurs between the breast bone and navel, it is often by pass as a “heartburn”. Bleeding from the Peptic Ulcer. - Is present during vomiting or in the stool - Is present during vomiting or in the stool (black stool). You may experience these symptoms soon after meals: –Pain –Nausea –Pain that radiates to the back – Unusual weakness –Unintended weight loss
Treatment A combination of antibiotics and acid reducing medication such as: – Proton Pump Inhibitors. –Esomeprazole, –Pantoprazole –Rabeprazole Antibiotics: –Clarithromycin –Amoxicillin –Metronidazole They all should be take twice per day.